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Elbasan alphabet

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Elbasan alphabet

Elbasan script
ISO 15924 Elba, 226
Direction Left-to-right
Unicode alias
U+10500 – U+1052F

The Elbasan script is a mid 18th-century alphabetic script used for the Albanian language. It was named after the city of Elbasan where it was invented. It was mainly used in the area of Elbasan and Berat.

The primary document associated with the alphabet is the Elbasan Gospel Manuscript, known in Albanian as the Anonimi i Elbasanit (The Anonymous of Elbasan).[1] The document was created at St. Jovan Vladimir's Church in central Albania, but is preserved today at the National Archives of Albania in Tirana. Its 59 pages contain Biblical content written in an alphabet of 40 letters.[1]

Another original script used for Albanian, was Beitha Kukju's script of the 19th century. This script did not have much influence either.


The Elbasan alphabet (U+10500–U+1052F) was added to the Unicode Standard in June 2014 with the release of version 7.0.

Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1050x Ԁ ԁ Ԃ ԃ Ԅ ԅ Ԇ ԇ Ԉ ԉ Ԋ ԋ Ԍ ԍ Ԏ ԏ
U+1051x Ԑ ԑ Ԓ ԓ Ԕ ԕ Ԗ ԗ Ԙ ԙ Ԛ ԛ Ԝ ԝ Ԟ ԟ
U+1052x Ԡ ԡ Ԣ ԣ Ԥ ԥ Ԧ ԧ
1.^ As of Unicode version 7.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points


  1. ^ a b Elsie, Robert (1995). "The Elbasan Gospel Manuscript ("Anonimi i Elbasanit"), 1761, and the Struggle for an Original Albanian Alphabet" (PDF). Südost-Forschungen ( 
  • Trix, Frances. 1997. Alphabet conflict in the Balkans: Albanian and the congress of Monastir. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 128:1-23.
  • Trix, Frances. 1999. The Stamboul alphabet of Shemseddin Sami Bey: precursor to Turkish script reform. International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 31:255-272.
  • West, Andrew. "What's New in Unicode 7.0". BabelStone. Retrieved 2013-10-22. 
  • Everson, M.; R. Elsie (2011). ""N3985: Proposal for encoding the Elbasan script in the SMP of the UCS"". 

External links

  • Omniglot, a guide to written language - Albanian writing systems
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