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Egmont Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld

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Egmont Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld

Egmont Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld
Prince Zur Lippe-Weißenfeld is casually sitting and smiling. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, German Cross in Gold and Pilots Badge can be seen on his uniform.
Egmont Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld
Nickname(s) Egi
Born (1918-07-14)14 July 1918
Salzburg, Austria
Died 12 March 1944(1944-03-12) (aged 25)
St. Hubert, Belgium
Buried at Ysselsteyn, Netherlands
Allegiance Federal State of Austria (to 1938)
Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Years of service 1936–44
Rank Major
Unit ZG 76, NJG 1, NJG 2
Commands held 5./NJG 2, I./NJG 3, III./NJG 1, NJG 5

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Egmont Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld[Notes 1] (14 July 1918 – 12 March 1944) was a Luftwaffe night fighter flying ace of royal descent during World War II. A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat.[1] Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld was credited with 51 aerial victories, all of them claimed in nocturnal combat missions.[Notes 2]

Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld was born on 14 July 1918 in Salzburg, Austria and joined the infantry of the Austrian Bundesheer in 1936. He transferred to the emerging Luftwaffe, initially serving as a reconnaissance pilot in the Zerstörergeschwader 76 (ZG 76), before he transferred to the night fighter force. He claimed his first aerial victory on the night of 16 to 17 November 1940. By the end of March, he had accumulated 21 aerial victories for which he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) on 16 April 1942. He received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) on 2 August 1943, for 45 aerial victories. He was promoted to Major and tasked with leading Nachtjagdgeschwader 5 (NJG 5) in January 1944, before he and his crew were killed in a flight accident on 12 March 1944.

Personal life

Egmont Prinz[Notes 3] zur Lippe-Weißenfeld was born on 14 July 1918 in Salzburg, Austria as a member of a cadet branch of the ruling House of Lippe. His father was Prince Alfred of Lippe-Weißenfeld and his mother was born Countess Anna von Goëß. Egmont was the only son of four children. His sisters Carola, Sophie and Dora were all younger than Egmont. The family lived in an old castle in Upper Austria called Alt Wartenburg.[2] At birth he had a remote chance of succeeding to the throne of the Principality of Lippe, a small state within the German Empire. However, only months after his birth, Germany became a republic and all the German royal houses were forced to abdicate.

Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld in his younger years was very enthusiastic about the mountains and wildlife. From his fourteenth year he participated in hunting. At the same time he was also very much interested in music and sports and discovered his love for flying at the Gaisberg near Salzburg. Here he attended the glider flying school of the Austrian Aëro Club. He attended a basic flying course with the second air regiment in Graz and Wiener Neustadt even before he joined the military service.[3]

Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld never married or had children. In January 1941 he became acquainted with Hannelore Ide, nicknamed Idelein. She was a secretary for a Luftgau. The two shared a close relationship and spent as much time together as the war permitted, listening to music and sailing on the IJsselmeer until his death in 1944.[4]

Military service

Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld joined the Gruppe (2nd group) of the Zerstörergeschwader 76 (ZG 76) before he was transferred to the night fighter wing Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 (NJG 1) on 4 August 1940.[Notes 4] The unit was based at Gütersloh where he familiarised himself with the methods of the night fighters.[6]

Nightly briefing at the group headquarter

By the summer of 1940, the first night fighters were transferred to Staffel of Nachtjagdgeschwader 2 (NJG 2) on 15 November 1941. By the end of 1941 he had claimed a total of 15 aerial victories.[6]

He was awarded the German Cross in Gold (Deutsches Kreuz in Gold) on 25 January 1942 and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) on 16 April 1942 after he had shot down 4 RAF bombers in the night of 26 to 27 March 1942, his score standing at 21 aerial victories. This feat earned him his third reference in the Wehrmachtbericht on 27 March 1942. In July 1942 he was one of the leading German night fighter aces with 37 aerial victories.[12]

Promoted to Hauptmann, Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld was made Gruppenkommandeur of the I. Gruppe (1st group) of Nachtjagdgeschwader 3 on 1 October 1942, where he claimed 3 further aerial victories. He was transferred again, taking command of the III. Gruppe (3rd group) of NJG 1 on 31 May 1943. One month later he claimed his 45th aerial victory for which he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) on 2 August 1943.[12]

After a one month hospital stay, Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld was promoted to Major and made Geschwaderkommodore of Nachtjagdgeschwader 5 (NJG 5) on 20 February 1944. He and his crew, Oberfeldwebel Josef Renette and Unteroffizier Kurt Röber, were killed in a flying accident on 12 March 1944 on a routine flight from Parchim to Athies-sous-Laon. Above Belgium, they seem to have encountered a bad weather zone with low clouds and a dense snowstorm and it was assumed that the aircraft hit the high Ardennes ground after being forced to fly lower because of ice forming on the wings.[13] The exact circumstances of this flight may never be known, the Bf 110 G-4 C9+CD (Werknummer 720 010—factory number) crashed into the Ardennes mountains near St. Hubert where the completely burned-out wreck was found the following day.[14] The funeral service was held in the city church of Linz on 15 March 1944.[15] Prinz Egmont zur Lippe-Weißenfeld and Prinz Heinrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein are buried side by side at Ysselsteyn in the Netherlands.[16]


References in the Wehrmachtbericht

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
Thursday, 19 June 1941 Bei der Abwehr feindlicher Luftangriffe auf das Reichsgebiet zeichneten sich folgende Besatzungen von Nachtjagdflugzeugen in hohem Maße aus: Erstens Oberfeldwebel Gildner, Unteroffizier Poppelmeyer und Unteroffizier Schlein, zweitens Oberleutnant Prinz zu Lippe, Unteroffizier Renette und drittens Oberleutnant Semrau, Unteroffizier Peter und Unteroffizier Behrens.[22] The following crews of night fighter aircraft highly distinguished themselves in defense of the Reich: First Oberfeldwebel Gildner, Unteroffizier Poppelmeyer and Unteroffizier Schlein, second Oberleutnant Prinz zu Lippe, Unteroffizier Renette and third Oberleutnant Semrau, Unteroffizier Peter und Unteroffizier Behrens.
Thursday, 28 January 1942 Bei der Abwehr eines Angriffs britischer Bomber auf das Reichsgebiet in der Nacht vom 27. Januar erzielte eine Nachjagdstaffel unter Führung von Hauptmann Lent und Oberleutnant Prinz zu Lippe-Weißenfeld ihren 100. Abschuß.[23] A night fighter squadron under the leadership of Hauptmann Lent and Oberleutnant Prince zu Lippe-Weißenfeld scored their 100th aerial victory in defense of the Reich on the night of 27 January.
Friday, 27 March 1942 Oberfeldwebel Gildner errang seinen 26. bis 28. und Oberleutnant zu Lippe-Weißenfeld seinen 18. bis 21. Nachtjagdsieg.[24] Oberfeldwebel Gildner achieved his 26th to 28th and Oberleutnant zu Lippe-Weißenfeld his 18th to 21st nocturnal aerial victory.
Sunday, 21 June 1942 Oberleutnant zur Lippe Lippe-Weißenfeld errang in der letzten Nacht drei Luftsiege, Hauptmann Lent erzielte seinen 35. Nachtjagdabschuß.[25] Oberleutnant zur Lippe Lippe-Weißenfeld achieved three aerial victories last night, Hauptmann Lent achieved his 35th nocturnal aerial victory.


  1. ^ Regarding personal names: Prinz is a rank of nobility, not a first or middle name.
  2. ^ For a list of Luftwaffe night fighter aces see List of German World War II night fighter aces
  3. ^ since all royal and noble titles were abolished after the establishment of the First Austrian Republic his official name there became Egmont zur Lippe-Weißenfeld instead of Prince of Lippe-Weißenfeld
  4. ^ For an explanation of the meaning of Luftwaffe unit designation see Organization of the Luftwaffe during World War II.


  1. ^ Spick 1996, pp. 3–4.
  2. ^ Knott 2008, pp. 129, 199.
  3. ^ Knott 2008, p. 133.
  4. ^ Knott 2008, p. 169.
  5. ^ Knott 2008, pp. 134, 149.
  6. ^ a b Helden der Wehrmacht II - Unsterbliche deutsche Soldaten 2003, p. 136.
  7. ^ Knott 2008, p. 149.
  8. ^ Knott 2008, pp. 149, 152.
  9. ^ Knott 2008, p. 163.
  10. ^ Knott 2008, p. 152.
  11. ^ Knott 2008, pp. 155, 163.
  12. ^ a b Helden der Wehrmacht II - Unsterbliche deutsche Soldaten 2003, p. 137.
  13. ^ Knott 2008, p. 195.
  14. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 57.
  15. ^ Knott 2008, p. 201.
  16. ^ Knott 2008, p. 206.
  17. ^ a b c Knott 2008, p. 200
  18. ^ Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 281.
  19. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 510.
  20. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 293.
  21. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 70.
  22. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 1, p. 581.
  23. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 2, p. 21.
  24. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 2, p. 68.
  25. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 2, p. 170.

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • "Egmont Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld". Lexikon der Wehrmacht (in German). Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  • "Egmont Prinz zur Lippe-Weißenfeld". World War 2 Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Oberst Günther Radusch
Commander of Nachtjagdgeschwader 5
20 February 1944 – 12 March 1944
Succeeded by
Oberstleutnant Walter Borchers
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