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East Khandesh

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East Khandesh

This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Jalgaon.

Template:India Districts

Jalgaon district (Marathi: जळगाव जिल्हा) is a district of Maharashtra. It was formerly known as East Khandesh district. It has an area of 11,765 km², and a population of 3,682,690 (2001 census) of which 71.4% were rural.[1]

It is bounded by Madhya Pradesh state to the north, and by the districts of Buldhana to the east, Jalna to the southeast, Aurangabad to the south, Nashik to the southwest, and Dhule to the west.


The present territory of the district was part of the independent Khandesh Sulatanate ruled by the Faruqi dynasty from 1382-1601. Jalgaon district, also known as East Khandesh district prior to 21 October 1960, was earlier a part of Khandesh. According to Abul Fazal (Gladwin's Aine Akbari 1157), the name Khandesh is derived from the Khan title given by Ahmad-I of Gujarat (1411-1443) to Malik Nasir, the second of the Faruki kings. According to some sources, the name comes from the khandava forest of Mahabharath. The Mahabharath mentions Yuvanshava, the ruler of Toranmal (Nandurbar district) as fighting with the Pandavas. The rock temples and caves at Nashik and Ajanta show that during the first three centuries AD, Khandesh was under the rulers who patronised Buddhism. Thereafter, it was ruled by Saptavananas, Andhrabhrityas, Virsen (Ahir King), Yawan dynasty, Chalukyas, Yadavas and then Alaud-din Khilji, Mohammad Tughlak, Malik Raja Malik Nazir, the Nizam of Hyderabad, and subsequently the Marathas ruled the region.

In the 18th century, Khandesh was captured by British troops from the Holkar regime with Dhule as the headquarters. Hon. Robert Gill was the first officer of British East India Company in the Khandesh District with headquarters in Dhule. In 1906 when Khandesh was divided, east Khandesh became present-day Jalgaon. In 1956 with the reorganisation of states, it was included in Bombay state, and with the formation of Maharashtra in 1960, Jalgaon became a district of the state.

Titbits: In the Parola Tahsils, there are remains of a fort believed to be belonging to the father of the great Rani of Jhansi. All India Congress Session of 1936 was held at Faizpur in Yawal Tehsil. In present times, legendary poetess Bahinabai Chaudhari of Jalgaon spread the fame of the Ahirani dialect across the seven seas. Sane Guruji awakened the labour class while Balkavi Thomre's poetry enriched socio-cultural life of the district. In present day the great farmer poet N.D.Mahanor has proved himself a golden quill in the crown of Jalgaon.

After annexation by Akbar in 1601, it became a part of Khandesh Subah of the Mughal empire. Subsequently, the region was ruled by the Nizam and the Marathas. In the early 18th century, Khandesh was captured by British troops from the Holkar ruler and a new district, Khandesh District was formed with its headquarters at Dhulia. Robert Gill was the first administrator of the British East India Company in Khandesh District. In 1906, when Khandesh district was bifurcated into two district, the present territory of Jalgaon district became East Khandesh district with its headquarters at Jalgaon. In 1956, after the reorganisation of the states, East Khandesh district was included in Bombay state and with the formation of Maharashtra state on May 1, 1960, East Khandesh district became a part of the state. It was renamed as Jalgaon district on October 21, 1960.[2]



Major crops produced in this district are banana(In Maharashtra Jalgaon ranks no.1 in banana production and most hector area of banana in Jalgaon 32,000 hector [3]), cotton, sorghum, wheat, millet, lime, groundnut and sugarcane. jalgaon is also known for its gold quality.

Precipitation in Jalgaon

In whole Jalgaon rain falls between the range of 77 cm and 80 cm. At eastern side of district i.e. in Yawal Taluka 77 cm. In Jalgaon, Bhusawal, Pachora 79 cm. Jamner 80 cm.[4]

Cooperative Sugar Factory (Sahakari Sakhar Kharkhana)

Factory Name Place Taluka
Madhukar Jivramnagar, Faizpur Yawal
Belganga Bhoras Chalisgaon
Vasant Kasoda Erondol
Sant Muktabai Ghodasgaon Muktainagar
Copada Shetkari Chopada Chopada
Jamner Tauka Gondkhel Jamner



The major industries in this district include:

  • Jain Irrigation Systems is a multinational company, manufacturer of Irrigation, Pipe, Plastic Sheet, Solar Energy Systems.
  • Supreme Pipes Ltd.
  • Raymond
  • Emco Transformers
  • Dal mills
  • Gold Ornaments- Well Known For Purity of Gold.


The district consists 15 talukas (tehsils). These are Jalgaon, Jamner, Erandol, Dharangaon, Bhusawal, Bodwad, Yawal, Raver, Muktainagar, Amalner, Chopda, Parola, Pachora, Chalisgaon and Bhadgaon. Jalgaon city is the administrative headquarters of this district.

Presently, there are 11 Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) constituencies in this district. These are: Chopda, Raver, Bhusawal, Jalgaon City, Jalgaon Rural, Amalner, Erandol, Chalisgaon, Pachora, Jamner and Muktainagar. Raver and Jalgaon are the two Lok Sabha constituencies in the district.[5]

There are 13 Nagar Parishad in district = most Nagar prishad in Maharashtra.[3]

River system in district

In Jalgaon Tapi(Surya-Putri;west flowing river)river flowing from the northernmost side. Its total length is 724 k.m. and in Maharashtra its length is 208k.m.

Tributory of Tapi river

On the right side of bank followong rivers meets Chandrabhaga, Bhuleshwari, Nand, Wan, Aner. On the left side of bank followong river meets Kapara, Sipana, Gadgi, Dolar, Pedhi, Katpurna, Morana, Man, Nalganga, Biswa.[3]


According to the 2011 census Jalgaon district has a population of 4,224,442,[6] roughly equal to the Republic of the Congo[7] or the US state of Kentucky.[8] This gives it a ranking of 46th in India (out of a total of 640).[6] The district has a population density of 359 inhabitants per square kilometre (930 /sq mi) .[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.71%.[6] Jalgaon has a sex ratio of 922 females for every 1000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 79.73%.[6]


Languages spoken include Ahirani, a Kandeshi tongue with approximately 780 000 speakers, similar to Marathi and Bhili;[9] Bareli Palya, a Bhil language with approximately 10 000 speakers centred in Madhya Pradesh;[10] and Bareli Rathwi, another Bhil language with approximately 64 000 speakers, written in the Devanagari script and mutually unintelligible with Bareli Palya.[11]


North Maharashtra University was established in Jalgaon on 15 August 1989. There are schools and colleges of Khandesh Education Society and Maratha Vidya Prasarak Mandal as well.


The major Marathi language newspapers published from the Jalgaon city are: Deshdoot, Deshonnati, Lokmat, Sakal, Divya Marathi.

Notable personalities

Places of interest

Important temples:[12]

  • Tarsod-Ganapati Temple,
  • Changdeo Maharaj Temple in Changdev - Hatnur dam, confluence of Tapi river and Purna river,[13]
  • Patanadevi temple in Patanadevi
  • Shree Balaji - Parola
  • Unapdev
  • Satpuda Manudevi Temple, Adgaon
  • Sant Muktabai temple (Mehun temple) is located at a distance of 60–km from Jalgaon in MuktaiNagar city,
  • Padmalaya Kshetra - temples of Lord Ganapati and Hanuman in Erandol Taluka (4.8 km from Erandol)
  • Manudevi Temple - Adgaon village in Yawal Taluka
  • Omkareshwar Mandir - Jalgaon
  • Munjoba devsthan - Atrawal
  • Zugadevi temple near Bhusawal;
  • Pavitra Tajuddin baba hill station
  • Prachin Nateshwar maharaj mandie
  • Sati kamaladevi mandir
  • Mangal grah Mandir,Amalner
  • Shitalnath Maharaj Mandir, Khadgaon , Goragawale bk Tal-chopda is located on the bank og river guli

In the district include Asoda, Adavad, Amalner, Bhusawal - Thermal power plant, Padmalaya - here ancient Indian mathematacian Aryabhatt wrote the book on mathematics "Lilavati" and nere is Kannad taluka of Aurangabad district-Pitalkhora cave which is ancient cave in India.Ajanta Caves developed during the reign of Chalukya kingdom] are only 50 km from Jalgaon. Munjoba Devasthan is located in Waghod in Raver taluka. Phaijpur in Yawal taluka First session in the remote village of Indian National Congress 1936 (PRESIDENT- Pandit Jawarlal Nehru), Utran- in Erandol taluka famous for high quality lemon. Lasur tal - Chopada

  • Gaureshwar Mahadev Temple (गौरेश्वर महादेव मंदिर जागृत देवस्थान )to the PANJARA River border At-Shahapur Tal- Amalner


External links

  • Jalgaon district official website
  • Shree Parola Balaji

Coordinates: 18°39′0″N 75°6′0″E / 18.65000°N 75.10000°E / 18.65000; 75.10000

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