World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Earth Liberation Army

Article Id: WHEBN0016082257
Reproduction Date:

Title: Earth Liberation Army  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Earth Liberation Front, Radical environmentalism, Leaderless resistance, Earth liberation, List of environmental organizations
Collection: Earth Liberation Front
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Earth Liberation Army

The Earth Liberation Army (ELA), similar to the Earth Liberation Front (ELF), is the collective name for anonymous and autonomous individuals or groups that use "economic sabotage and guerrilla warfare to stop the exploitation and destruction of the natural environment",[1] commonly known as ecotage or monkeywrenching. The name was first used in Canada, in 1995, which was the first Earth liberation direct action in North America,[2][3] three years after the ELF had been founded in England.[4] The ELA is also a leaderless movement, although in contrast to the ELF, the first group did not publish any guidelines. The ELA are considered to be "eco-terrorists" by governments, and are also known to also be active in the United States (See North American Earth Liberation Front Press Office).

Contents

  • Origins and philosophy 1
  • Actions 2
  • References 3
  • See also 4

Origins and philosophy

Further information: Earth Liberation Front, Earth liberation and Radical environmentalism

Prior to ELF actions occurring in North America a year later,[3][5] the ELA were the first to pursue an "Earth Liberation" action, which happened in 1995, in Canada.[2] Because of the wave of ELF actions that was occurring across Europe, they were considered by the European Elves at the time to be "transatlantic cousins", because of the similarity in tactics. The first action was on 19 June 1995, when individuals claiming to be part of the ELA burned down a wildlife museum and damaged a hunting lodge in British Columbia.[3]

Actions

The name was not commonly known by environmental activists until in 1998, when the ELA claimed the arson at Vail Resorts that severely damaged the resort in the Colorado Rockies costing $12 million in damages.[6]

References

  1. ^ SUV Armageddon Approaching?, Car Keys, 29 August 2003.
  2. ^ a b Globe and Mail, Toronto, 12 July 1995.
  3. ^ a b c Best, Steven and Best & Nocella. Igniting a Revolution: Voices in Defense of the Earth, Lantern Books, 2006, p. 55.
  4. ^ Best, Steven and Best & Nocella. Igniting a Revolution: Voices in Defense of the Earth, Lantern Books, 2006, p. 49.
  5. ^ Diary of Actions of the Earth Liberation Front 1996-2001, reposted by Portland Indymedia.
  6. ^ waste & abuse - controversy over a temporary dirt road built by Vail Resortsand its effect on wetlands, BNet, 27 September 1999.

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.