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DB Class 65

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Subject: Steam locomotive, Neubaulokomotive, DR Class 65.10, List of preserved steam locomotives in Germany, Stoom Stichting Nederland, Class 65, Odenwald Railway (Hesse)
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DB Class 65

DB Class 65
Number(s): DB 65 001–018
Manufacturer: Krauss-Maffei
Year(s) of manufacture: 1951–1956
Retired: 1966ff.
Wheel arrangement: 2-8-4
Axle arrangement: 1'D2'
Length over buffers: 15,475 mm
Service weight: 107.6 t
Adhesive weight: 67.6 t
Axle load: 16.9 t
Top speed: 85 km/h
Indicated Power: 1,089 kW
Driving wheel diameter: 1,500 mm
Leading wheel diameter: 850 mm
Trailing wheel diameter: 850 mm
Cylinder bore: 660 mm
Piston stroke: 570 mm
Boiler Overpressure: 14 bar
Grate area: 2.67 m²
Superheater area: 62.90 m²
Evaporative heating area: 139.93 m²
Brakes: Knorr brake

The steam locomotives of DB Class 65 were newly designed, German, passenger train tank locomotives, built for the Deutsche Bundesbahn after the Second World War. They were intended for suburban and commuter trains serving German cities, where they were to replace Classes 78 and 93.5. As a result they were allocated to the locomotive depots (Bahnbetriebswerke or BW) at Darmstadt, Düsseldorf and Letmathe. Between Düsseldorf and Essen they were even used on early S-Bahn services. And between Limburg/Lahn and Wiesbaden and in the area of Darmstadt they also hauled goods trains.

The firm of Krauss-Maffei initially delivered 13 engines in 1951 and a further 5 from 1955 to 1956. The first engine, with operating number 65 001, was retired as early as 1966.

All the vehicles were given a welded, high-performance boiler. Operating numbers 65 001 - 65 013 were equipped with a surface economizer. Numbers 65 014 - 65 018 were given a mixer preheater. Numbers 65 012 - 65 018 were equipped for push-pull services. So there were three different variants of these two-cylinder, superheated steam engines in service with the Bundesbahn.


Class 65 locomotives proved to be exceptionally reliable engines, but they could not be used universally, because their coal bunkers and water tanks were small. As a result they could only be used for short-range goods traffic.

Locomotive 65 018 was given a special lightweight drive, which was later used on all the engines. This locomotive is the only representative of its class to have survived in working order and is owned by the Stoom Stichting Nederland society in the Netherlands, having been donated by a German railway museum in 1981. It was retired from Bw Aschaffenburg in 1972, the last one of these attractive locomotives to be paid off.

See also

External links

  • The BR 65
  • There is a relevant English-language forum at Railways of Germany
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