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Cressy-class cruiser

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Title: Cressy-class cruiser  
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Subject: HMS Bacchante (1901), HMS Aboukir (1900), HMS Hogue (1900), List of cruiser classes of the Royal Navy, Action of 22 September 1914
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Cressy-class cruiser

HMS Euryalus at anchor in Australia
Class overview
Name: Cressy class
Operators:  Royal Navy
Preceded by: Diadem class
Succeeded by: Drake class
Built: 1898–1902
In service: 1901–20
Completed: 6
Lost: 3
Scrapped: 3
General characteristics
Type: Armoured cruiser
Displacement: 12,000 long tons (12,000 t) (normal)
Length: 472 ft (143.9 m) (o/a)
Beam: 69 ft 6 in (21.2 m)
Draught: 26 ft 9 in (8.2 m) (maximum)
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph)
Complement: 725–760
Armament:
Armour:

The Cressy-class cruiser was a class of six armoured cruisers built for the Royal Navy around 1900. Their design's incorporation of a pair of 9.2-inch guns and armoured sides served to address criticism directed against the previous Diadem class — advances made possible by their 1,000 ton increase in displacement over their predecessors. The ships were notably stable, except for a susceptibility to pitching.[1]

Contents

  • Service 1
  • Ships 2
  • Building Programme 3
  • Image gallery 4
  • Notes 5
  • Footnotes 6
  • Bibliography 7
  • External links 8

Service

Until 1908, the ships served in Home waters, the Mediterranean and the Far East. On the outbreak of the First World War Cressy, Aboukir, Hogue, Bacchante and Euryalus formed the Seventh Cruiser Squadron. Due to the obsolescence of the ships and that they were crewed by inexperienced reservists the squadron was known as the "Live Bait Squadron". This epithet proved prophetic when Cressy, Hogue and Aboukir were sunk in a single action on 22 September 1914 by U-9 near Holland. After the first cruiser had been hit, the following cruisers both came to a dead halt to pick up survivors, making themselves easy targets for torpedoes.[2]

Ships

  • HMS Cressy: launched 4 December 1899, torpedoed and sunk 22 September 1914
  • HMS Sutlej: launched 18 November 1899, scrapped 9 May 1921
  • HMS Aboukir: launched 16 May 1900, torpedoed and sunk 22 September 1914
  • HMS Hogue: launched 13 August 1900, torpedoed and sunk 22 September 1914
  • HMS Bacchante: launched 21 February 1901, scrapped 1 July 1920
  • HMS Euryalus: launched 20 May 1901, scrapped 1 July 1920

Building Programme

The following table gives the build details and purchase cost of the members of the Cressy class. Standard British practice at that time was for these costs to exclude armament and stores. The compilers of The Naval Annual revised costs quoted for British ships between the 1905 and 1906 editions.

Ship Builder Engine
Maker
Date of Cost according to
Laid Down Launch Completion (BNA 1904)[3] (BNA 1906)[4]
Cressy Fairfield, Govan Fairfield 12 October 1898 14 December 1899 28 May 1901 £780,110 £749,324
Sutlej J Brown Clydebank Clydebank
Company
15 August 1898 18 November 1899 6 May 1902 £790,706 £755,690
Aboukir Fairfield, Govan Fairfield 9 November 1898 16 May 1900 3 April 1902 £783,883 £751,118
Hogue Vickers, Barrow Vickers 14 July 1898 13 August 1900 19 November 1902 £787,507 £749,809
Bacchante John Brown Clydebank John Brown 15 February 1899 21 February 1901 25 November 1902 £787,230 £787,230
Euryalus Vickers, Barrow Vickers 18 July 1899 20 May 1901 5 January 1904 £817,880 £782,901

Image gallery

Notes

Footnotes

  1. ^ Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1860–1905, pp. 68–69
  2. ^ "Time Team s20". Channel 4. Channel 4. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  3. ^ Brassey's Naval Annual 1904, p212-219
  4. ^ Brassey's Naval Annual 1906, p208-215

Bibliography

  • Brassey, T.A. (ed) The Naval Annual 1904
  • Chesneau, Roger & Kolesnik, Eugene M., eds. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Greenwich: Conway Maritime Press.  
  •  
  • Friedman, Norman (2012). British Cruisers of the Victorian Era. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Seaforth.  
  • Friedman, Norman (2011). Naval Weapons of World War One. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Seaforth.  
  • Leyland, J. and Brassey, T.A. (ed)The Naval Annual 1906
  •  
  • Silverstone, Paul H. (1984). Directory of the World's Capital Ships. New York: Hippocrene Books.  

External links

  • Loss of HMS Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue
  • Cressy class description
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