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Chiniot

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Chiniot

Chiniot
چنیوٹ
City
Chiniot is located in Pakistan
Chiniot
Chiniot
Location of Chiniot in Pakistan
Coordinates:
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Chiniot District
Tehsil Chiniot Tehsil
Government
 • Type Capital
 • City Council
Elevation 179 m (587 ft)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 4,77,781
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC+6)
Postal code 35400
Dialling code 047
Distance(s)

Chiniot (Urdu: چِنيوٹ‎; Punjabi: چنیوٹ) is a city and the administrative headquarter of Chiniot District, in the state of Punjab, Pakistan. Located at the bank of the river Chenab with the heads of small rocky hills, it is known throughout Pakistan for its intricate wooden furniture and architecture.

Geography

Chiniot city lies on left bank of the Chenab River amidst small rocky hills. It is located at the intersection of the Faisalabad-Sargodha and Lahore-Jhang roads. It is 158 kilometres north-west from Lahore and 38 kilometres North of Faisalabad. Chiniot city is spread over an area of 10 square kilometers with an average elevation of 179 meters (587 ft). Chiniot is located at a Latitude of: 31.7200 and a Longitude of: 72.9789.

Chiniot lies on the left bank of river Chenab, with the rocky hills at the northern side between the river and city. On the other side of river, Chenab Nagar (previously Rabwah) city is located covered with the rocks is a great sight. In the center of river a (Committed) worship center (or Chilla Gah) of a great Muslim's Sufi Bu Ali Shah Qalandar is located.

Neighborhoods

Chiniot comprises many small towns and villages. Villages are mostly named as "Chak No."for example Chak No. 237 jb Langrana,(jb refers to Jang Branch Canal) which is a village planned and established by English engineers during the colonial period of British empire. These villages were planned mostly along canal banks to distribute the population evenly. Generally, its neighbours include Faisalabad, Bhawana, Lalian, Chenab Nagar (or Rabwah), Pindi Bhattian, and Aminpur (or Aminpur Bangla). The Bhawana is the richest one in terms of educated and employed human resource, a lot of which is holding high offices in the national bureaucracy. Aminpur is famous rest house built by British empire before independence of Pakistan at bank of Jhang Branch Canal. Faisalabad is a name known for its economy wise and industrialist place which has great role in the increase of economy of Chiniot.

Climate

Chiniot
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
18
 
19
8
 
 
35
 
22
11
 
 
24
 
27
16
 
 
13
 
33
20
 
 
17
 
39
25
 
 
48
 
39
28
 
 
82
 
35
27
 
 
87
 
35
27
 
 
43
 
34
25
 
 
9
 
32
20
 
 
11
 
27
14
 
 
12
 
21
9
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [2]

Climate of the Chiniot changes every day as shown in monthly chart. Annually climate of Chiniot maximum at 30.2 °C and minimum at 19.2 °C is being recorded.

Climate data for Chiniot (1961-1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19
(66)
22
(72)
27
(81)
33
(91)
39
(102)
19
(66)
35
(95)
35
(95)
34
(93)
32
(90)
27
(81)
21
(70)
28.6
(83.5)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
11
(52)
16
(61)
20
(68)
25
(77)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
25
(77)
20
(68)
14
(57)
9
(48)
19.2
(66.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.71)
35
(1.38)
24
(0.94)
13
(0.51)
17
(0.67)
48
(1.89)
82
(3.23)
87
(3.43)
43
(1.69)
9
(0.35)
11
(0.43)
12
(0.47)
399
(15.7)
Source: My Weather[3]


Demographics

According to 1998 census, the population of Chiniot was 9,65,124 (included urban 1,72,522). According to 2010 estimated census, urban population of Chiniot is 2,01,781. Languages spoken in Chiniot are Punjabi and Urdu. Literacy of Chiniot is about 65%.

Tribes

Chiniot city has people with different ethnicity which are known for their professional works. Sheikh is also a famous tribe in Chiniot,they are the wealthiest family in Chiniot, some are working of furniture, some are landlords and some of them have other business.Kamangar family settled here some 300 years ago, well known for their educational profiles. Slaray is also a most common family in Chiniot, and have villages with their own names.

Sipra family is very well known in Chiniot District.
Laali is a Sub Cast of Sipra Family.They live in Laalian Tehsil

Other families and tribes of Chiniot include Sahmal, Syed, Sial, Araaeen, Mona, Dhera, Mufti (Makhdoom Qureshi), Walla Rai, KALUS(Ray), [, Nagpal{saidhan awan} ,(koli chadhar), Marath, Aheer, Awan, Makhdoom, Baloch BhattiBhutta, tukleer, |Butt]], Chadhar, Bhowana, Chohan Durrani, Galoter, Gujjar, Hanjra, Haral,Tamimi, Hashmi,Harya Jappa, Bala, Dhamraia, Jatt, Kharal, Kullah, Khokhar, Laday, Marral, Lalera, Naul, Kullah, Nakokara, Nissowana, Puri and Pathan,

Economy

The important products of Chiniot includes silk, cotton, wheat, sugar, rice, milk, pottery, and wooden-furniture etc. Chiniot is the name of leading industrial areas of Pakistan after Lahore and Faisalabad. It contains many of rice and flour mills. It has a Pakistan leading sugar industry Ramzan Sugar Mills on Jhang road which is a great increasing economy of Chiniot. On the other side Madina Sugar Mills also situated in Chiniot, by which Chiniot's economy increase very well.

Banks with branches in Chiniot include Muslim Commercial Bank, United Bank Limited, Allied Bank Limited, Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited, The Bank of Punjab, National Bank of Pakistan, Askari Bank Limited, Bank AL Habib, Bank Alfalah and Habib Bank Limited (HBL).Soneri Bank Limited (SBL)

Education

SUPERIOR COLLGE CHINIOT
A side view of the building of Chenab College Chiniot

The education and literacy of Chiniot is increasing. As education is must in today life for a person, government of Chiniot has a great care of it and developing educational institutions and upgrading the old ones. A lot of intelligent students of chiniot getting education in world best institutes outside the country, including those in the UK, Australia, Malaysia, and China.

Institutions

Educational institutions (colleges) in Chiniot includes The KIMS College Chiniot The Khatam-e-Nabuwat Institute of Modern Sciences>','{it is the leading college of the chiniot}', Masoomeen College ICON Group of Colleges,[4] Punjab College , Chenab College, Din College,[5] Govt. Degree College, Govt. Islamia College, Govt. Institute of Commerce, Superior College chiniot,' Pak Poly-technique College, University of Higher Education, Takbeer College. High schools in Chiniot includes Masoomeen Foundation high school chiniot, Govt. Islamia High School, Govt. High School Chak no. 237 jb Langrana,Govt High School Jhanb, Govt High School Ahmad Abad, Govt. Islah High School, Govt. Girls High School, and Govt. M.T.B High School. Govt. High School Chak 14 jb Muradwala and GHS Langar Makhdoom[6] Allied School Chiniot Campus

Chiniot has also some religious institutions include Maraqaba Hall, Idara-e-Markazia Dawat-wa-Arshad, Faizul-ul-Aloom, Jamiya Masjid Farooqia, Jamia Islamia Imdadia,Darbar bava syed jhulan shah bukhari, Masjid Noor, Jamia Noor-ul-Anwar-ul-Quran, and Madrasa Fateh Aloom.[7]

Libraries

Chiniot government has given library facilities to its residents, especially for students. After his death, Sheikh Omar Hayat's palace Omar Hayat Mahal was converted into a library by the government of Pakistan.

Transport and communication

Chiniot is very well-connected with rest of Pakistan by a main highway and a rail line. The nearest international airport is Faisalabad International Airport, which is 48.5 kilometres from Chiniot. Chiniot has a railway track passing from it since 1927 for the easiest and cheapest way of transportation. Chiniot railway is a main source of transporting the furniture from Chiniot to the rest of Pakistan. And it is a main source of importing the woods for furniture from all over the Pakistan. Chiniot Railway Station was built in 1927 during British empire was a great step for the help in economy of Chiniot. Khatm-e-Nabuwat Chowk is the main place of and main intersection between GT roads connecting large cities of Pakistan. Chiniot Bridge is crossing over Chenab river on the Chiniot-Sargodha road.

Culture

Islamic occasions

In Chiniot people celebrate Islamic occasions with great arrangements. As on 12 Rabi' al-awwal, 1440th birthday celebration of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, people of Chiniot arranged 63-maund cake, one of the largest cakes in the world.[8] That function was arranged in the Darbar Aalia Wadi Aziz Sharif. Urs of Hazrat Mian Rehmat Sahib at khoi mian rehmat sahib (Icharwal)

Furniture

Chiniot is world famous for its exotically carved and brightly lacquered furniture. Chinioti craftsmen and artisans have for centuries carved flowers and geometric pattrens onto cellulose fibres. Masons from Chiniot are thought to have been employed during the construction of Taj Mahal and Golden Temple,[9] both now in India.

Despite the knowledge and century old traditions employed in Chinioti woodmaking, the Pakistani government has made little effort to promote and market its Punjabi furniture industry. A lack of vocational education and training centres in Chiniot means that modern working techniques are rarely used. The lack of computer aided design (CAD) also serves as a hindrance to modern manufacturing. Rather it needs at least one technical university in place to compete the gloabal updation.

Furniture making in Chiniot forms a vital part of Pakistan's secondary industry and is also essential to the Punjabi regional economy. Internationally, Chiniot competes with the most modem furniture industry of Italy which is known all over the world. The carving style of Italy and Chiniot is the same but the furniture here is more durable.

Sport

Cricket is the most popular sport in Chiniot. There held many tournaments in Chiniot of cricket among different cricket clubs of Chiniot. In some tournaments outside cricket teams can also participate that tournaments. A cup and some cash prize is announced on the final of tournaments, which are given to the Winning team. Football is also played in Chiniot. Other popular sports in Chiniot includes Hockey, Volleyball, Basketball, Badminton, Tennis, Kabbadi, and Horse racing.

Cuisine

Chiniot is noted for its food dishes, especially "Kunna" (goat meat cooked in an earthen pot. This pot is locally called kunna after which dish name is famous).

Politics

In politics Chiniot has all parties members like PML (N), Muttahida Quami Movement, PML (Q), PPP and PTI and many others. Most prominent and strong party is Pakistan Peoples Party. PML (N) was not very strong party in Chiniot but since when Mian Shahbaz Sharif president of this party and chief minister of Punjab came in Chiniot and gave it the status of a District this party became a strong party in Chiniot.

Politicians in Chiniot are mostly from Sheikh or Syed family.

Notable people

Notable people of Chiniot are:

See also

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ http://population.mongabay.com/population/pakistan/1181096/chiniot Urban population according to 2010 GEOnames
  2. ^ "Climate chart of Chiniot". My Weather. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  3. ^ "Climatological Information for Chiniot", My Weather, web: My Weather.
  4. ^ Javaid, Aftab. "ICON Group of Colleges". Kachehri Road, Near Punjab Bank, Chiniot: ICON College. 
  5. ^ "Din College in Chiniot".  
  6. ^ "Educational institutions in Chiniot". Chiniot City. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  7. ^ "Religious institutions in Chiniot". Chiniot City. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  8. ^ "Celebration of 12 Rabi' al-awwal and in Aashora-e-Muharram, there are many Imam Barghas were regularly conducting Aashora Majalis in the respect of Shahadat e Imam-e-Hussain(A.S). Sunni and Shia Brothers are regularly participating in this occasion. They construct eight numbers of Tazia’s in the honour of Hazrat Imam Hussain (alaha salam) which are very beautiful and unique".  
  9. ^ http://www.apnaorg.com/articles/shirazi-1/

External links

  • Chiniot Tehsil Municipal Administration's official site
  • Chiniot Map
Muhammad Wala View
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