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China–Mozambique relations


China–Mozambique relations

China-Mozambique relations
Map indicating locations of China and Mozambique



China–Mozambique relations date back to the 1960s, when China began to support the struggle of Mozambique's Marxist-oriented FRELIMO party against Portuguese colonialism.[1] Diplomatic relations were formally established on 25 June 1975, soon after Mozambique gained its independence from Portugal.[2] In November 2006, Mozambique became the thirteenth African country to be added to China's official list of tourism destinations.[3]


  • Bilateral visits 1
  • Movement of people 2
  • Trade and investment 3
  • Development aid 4
  • Bibliography 5
  • References 6

Bilateral visits

Hu Jintao, president of the People's Republic of China, made an official visit to Mozambique in February 2007, during which he and Armando Guebuza, the president of Mozambique, pledged further cooperation in the areas of economy, technology, agriculture, education and sports.[4] Shanghai and Maputo share a sister city relationship.

Movement of people

From 1992 to 2003, 22 Mozambicans went to China as international students. Estimates for the number of Chinese nationals residing in Mozambique as of 2007 ranged from 1,500 to 12,000.[1][2][5]

Trade and investment

China's pattern of trade with Mozambique differs from that with their major trading partners on the African continent, such as

  1. ^ a b c d Horta, Loro (13 August 2007). "China, Mozambique: old friends, new business". ISN Security Update. Retrieved 2007-11-03. 
  2. ^ a b "Mozambique". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China. 26 August 2003. Retrieved 2007-11-03. 
  3. ^ "China grants Mozambique tourism destination status". China Daily. 4 November 2006. Retrieved 2007-11-03. 
  4. ^ "Chinese, Mozambican presidents pledge to uplift bilateral ties". Xinhua News Agency. 9 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-03. 
  5. ^ Jian, Hong (2007). "莫桑比克华侨的历史与现状 (The History and Status Quo of Overseas Chinese in Mozambique)". West Asia and Africa ( 
  6. ^ "Mozambique: Chainsaws cut down more than just trees". IRIN Africa. 30 January 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-03. 
  7. ^ Bosten, Emmy (19 January 2006). "Asian and other Drivers of Global Change". Institute of Development Studies. Retrieved 2007-11-03. 
  8. ^ "Mozambique-China Trade Continues to Grow". 9 December 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-09. 
  9. ^ Austin Strange, Bradley C. Parks, Michael J. Tierney, Andreas Fuchs, Axel Dreher, and Vijaya Ramachandran. 2013. China’s Development Finance to Africa: A Media-Based Approach to Data Collection. CGD Working Paper 323. Washington DC: Center for Global Development.




[9], from 2000 to 2012, there are approximately 52 Chinese official development finance projects identified in Zimbabwe through various media reports.AidDataAccording to [1] In addition to trade, China has begun providing

Development aid

[8].largest trading partner of China In the first 10 months of 2012, the value of trade was US$1.1 billion, with Mozambique being the 23rd [7]

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