World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Chief Martial Law Administrator

The office of the Chief Martial Law Administrator was a senior government authoritative post created in countries such as Pakistan, Bangladesh and Indonesia that gave considerable executive authority and powers to the holder of the post to enforce martial law in the country in an events to ensure the continuity of government. This office has been used mostly by military officers staging a coup d'etat. On some occasions, the office has been under a civilian head of state.

Contents

  • Pakistan 1
  • Bangladesh 2
  • Indonesia 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Pakistan

Some famous holders of this post in Pakistan include:

  1. Field Marshal Ayub Khan (1957–58): held the post under President Iskander Mirza
  2. General Yahya Khan (1968–69): held the post under President Ayub Khan
  3. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (1971–73): became the first civilian to hold this post in Pakistan after the Bangladesh Liberation War.
  4. General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (1977–79): held this office under President Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry after overthrowing Prime Minister Bhutto.
  5. General Pervez Musharraf (1999–2001): held this office under President Rafiq Tarar, although it was styled as "Chief Executive of Pakistan."[1]

Bangladesh

Some famous holders of this post in Bangladesh include:

  1. Gen. Khaled Mosharraf (1975): held this post for four days after a bloody Military coup only to be killed in a counter coup led by Col. Abu Taher, resuming Major General Ziaur Rahman's reign.
  2. Justice Abu Sadat Mohammad Sayem (1975–76): held this post while serving as the 5th president of Bangladesh.
  3. Maj. Gen. Ziaur Rahman (1976–77): held this post during martial law and until withdrawal of Martial Law and assumed the presidency in 1977.
  4. Lt. Gen. Hussain Muhammad Ershad (1982): held this post until withdrawal of martial law in 1982-1986.

In Bangladesh, Maj. Gen. Abul Monjur BU in 1981, Lt. Gen. A S M Nasim BB in 1996 staged abortive military coup.

Indonesia

In Indonesia, this post was briefly held by army chief Suharto, who seized power in 1965 and forced President Sukarno to resign in 1967. Sukarno had also enforced martial law during his tenure as President of Indonesia.

See also

References

  1. ^ "A coup in Thailand". Dawn. 23 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 

External links

  • Martial law in Pakistan
  • Bangladesh (1975-77)
  • Martial law in Bangladesh
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.