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Charles Herty

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Title: Charles Herty  
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Subject: Presidents of the American Chemical Society, List of University of Florida honorary degree recipients, Society of Chemical Manufacturers and Affiliates, Memory Hill Cemetery, National Institutes of Health
Collection: 1867 Births, 1938 Deaths, American Chemists, Burials at Memory Hill Cemetery, Burials in Georgia (U.S. State), Forestry Academics, Georgia Bulldogs Football Coaches, Johns Hopkins University Alumni, National Institutes of Health, People from Milledgeville, Georgia, United States Forest Service Officials, University of Georgia Alumni, University of Georgia Faculty, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Faculty
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Charles Herty

Charles Holmes Herty, Sr.
Charles Holmes Herty, Sr.
Born (1867-12-04)December 4, 1867
United States
Died July 27, 1938(1938-07-27) (aged 70)
Savannah, Georgia, United States
Citizenship American
Fields Chemist
Institutions

University of Georgia
Johns Hopkins University
University of North Carolina
United States Bureau of Forestry
American Chemical Society
Chemical Foundation

Savannah Paper and Pulp Laboratory
Alma mater University of Georgia (B.P. 1886)
Johns Hopkins University (Ph.D. 1890)
Doctoral advisor Ira Remsen
Known for

Georgia Bulldogs football
Southern United States Turpentine collection system
President, American Chemical Society (1915-1916)[1]
National Institutes of Health

Southern United States Pulp and paper industry

Charles Holmes Herty, Sr. (December 4, 1867 – July 27, 1938) was an Chemical Foundation. He was also instrumental in the creation of the National Institutes of Health. Towards the end of his career, Herty's research and advocacy led to the creation of a new pulp industry in the Southern United States that utilized southern pine trees to create newsprint.

Contents

  • Early life, education and family 1
  • Early academic and professional life 2
  • Later professional life 3
  • Athletics 4
    • Head coaching record 4.1
      • Football 4.1.1
  • Death and legacy 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Early life, education and family

Born in Ira Remsen. Herty's dissertation topic was The Double Halides of Lead and the Alkali-Metals.[2]

Herty married Sophie Schaller of Athens on December 23, 1895,[3] and they had three children: Charles "Holmes", Jr., Frank Bernard and Sophia "Dolly" Dorothea. Holmes became a metallurgist and vice-president of Bethlehem Steel and was elected to the United States National Academy of Sciences. Frank worked for the Union Gas Company in Brooklyn, New York. Dolly attended Vassar College as an undergraduate, Cornell University for her Masters of Science in botany and returned to Vassar to teach plant physiology.[4]

Early academic and professional life

Upon completing his doctoral studies in 1890, Herty returned to Georgia as an assistant Chemist at the

External links

  • Reed, Germaine M. (1995) [1995]. Crusading for Chemistry: The Professional Career of Charles Holmes Herty.  

References

  1. ^ a b "Past Presidents of the ACS".  
  2. ^ a b Reed, Germaine M. (1995) [1995]. Crusading for Chemistry: The Professional Career of Charles Holmes Herty.  
  3. ^ Reed, Geraldine (1995). Crusading for Chemistry: The Professional Career of Charles Holmes Herty. p. 7.  
  4. ^ a b c d e , Volume 11, Number 6"The Filter Press" (PDF). Georgia Section of the American Chemical Society. September 2001. pp. 3–5. Retrieved 2006-12-20. 
  5. ^ Reed, Geraldine (1995). Crusading for Chemistry. p. 5.  
  6. ^ Reed, Thomas Walter (c. 1949). "History of the University of Georgia".  
  7. ^ Reed, Geraldine (1995). Crusading for Chemistry. pp. 13–14.  
  8. ^ Reed, Geraldine (1995). Crusading for Chemistry. p. 14.  
  9. ^ Reed, Geraldine (1995). Crusading for Chemistry. p. 17.  
  10. ^ a b Reed, Geraldine (1995). Crusading for Chemistry. pp. 19–20.  
  11. ^ Reed, Geraldine (1995). Crusading for Chemistry. pp. 25–27.  
  12. ^ Reed, Geraldine (1995). Crusading for Chemistry. p. 21.  
  13. ^ Reed, Geraldine (1995). Crusading for Chemistry. pp. 48–51.  
  14. ^ Reed, Geraldine (1995). Crusading for Chemistry. pp. 63–64.  
  15. ^ a b "Paper Industry International Hall of Fame bio for Charles H. Herty". Paper Industry International Hall of Fame, Inc. Retrieved 2007-02-11. 
  16. ^ Reed, Geraldine (1995). Crusading for Chemistry. p. 63.  
  17. ^ Reed, Geraldine (1995). Crusading for Chemistry. p. 66.  
  18. ^ Steen, Kathryn (March 2001). "Patents, Patriotism, and "Skilled in the Art" USA v. The Chemical Foundation, Inc., 1923-1926". Isis 92 (1): 91–122.  
  19. ^ Raber, Linda R. (November 5, 2001). "For Science and County: ACS honors Charles Herty with National Historic Chemical Landmark in Georgia". CENEAR 79 (45): 42–43. Retrieved 2007-02-11. 
  20. ^ Reed, Geraldine (1995). Crusading for Chemistry. pp. 8–9.  
  21. ^ "Having a Field Day". Columns Faculty/Staff News (University of Georgia). September 9, 1999. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  22. ^ Waggoner, W.H. (1983). Chemistry at the University of Georgia. Athens, Georgia: Agee Publishers Inc. p. 16. 
  23. ^ Reed, Geraldine (1995). Crusading for Chemistry. pp. 366–367.  
  24. ^ "Find a Grave Entry for Charles H. Herty". Retrieved 2007-02-11. 
  25. ^ "Southland Paper Mills, Inc. Records:1939-1990". East Texas Research Center, Ralph W. Steen Library, Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, TX. Retrieved 2007-02-11. 
  26. ^ "Herty, Texas".  
  27. ^ "Herty Hall". Savannah State University. Retrieved 2007-02-11. 
  28. ^ "SS Charles H. Herty Ship Data". NDRF Property Management and Archive Record System (PMARS). Maritime Administration: United States Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 
  29. ^ "Charles Holmes Herty Cast". Georgia Secretary of State Website. Retrieved 2007-02-11. 
  30. ^ "Charles H. Herty Medal". Georgia Section of the American Chemical Society. Retrieved 2007-02-11. 
  31. ^ Mayle, Mary Carr (December 23, 2007). "Herty bringing biofuel development to state".  

Notes

The Georgia General Assembly posthumously created the Savannah-based Herty Foundation in 1938 as a state-owned, non-profit organization focused on the pulp and paper industry. This foundation was renamed in 2006 as the Herty Advanced Materials Development Center.[31]

[4] which translates roughly as "for science and country".pro scientia et patria - Herty 1933 The medal is inscribed with the words [30]

On June 13, 1938, the Southland Paper Mills, Inc. was organized, the next year the mill site was dedicated to Herty on May 27, 1939, and the first commercial newsprint made of Southern pine started production at this facility on January 17, 1940. The St. Regis Paper Company purchased controlling interest in Southland and eventually purchased it outright in 1977, and in 1984 Champion International Corporation bought St. Regis to become the largest manufacturer of "white paper" and the second largest domestic producer of newsprint.[25] In 2000, Herty was posthumously inducted into the Paper Industry International Hall of Fame.[15]

Herty Field, UGA's first football field, circa 2005

Herty died on July 27, 1938, in Memory Hill Cemetery in Milledgeville.[23][24]

Death and legacy

Year Team Overall Conference Standing Bowl/playoffs
Georgia Bulldogs (Independent) (1892)
1892 Georgia 1–1
Georgia: 1–1
Total: 1–1

Football

Head coaching record

Herty was also directly involved in the creation of the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association (SIAA), which held its first meeting in Atlanta on December 22, 1894.[2][4][22]

UGA played their first game on January 30, 1892, against Mercer University in Athens and won, 50–0. The team lost its second game of the season to Auburn, 10–0, and finished the inaugural season with a record of 1–1. Frank "Si" Herty, the coach's cousin, served as the captain of the team. That first football field would eventually be named Herty Field in honor of the coach. The area became a parking lot in the 1940s; however, it was later converted into a greenspace in 1999.[21]

Herty was the first faculty director of athletics at UGA. He also assumed the position of Instructor in Physical Culture in 1894 and was named Physical Director two years later.[20] He led efforts to improve the athletic fields, establish the first campus gymnasium in the basement of Old College, create intramural and varsity baseball teams, and build tennis courts. In 1890, Herty began the UGA football program and coached the team for its inaugural season.

Herty formed and coached the first varsity football squad at the University of Georgia in 1892

Athletics

Herty formed the Savannah Paper and Pulp Laboratory in National Historic Chemical Landmark (NHCL).[4][19]

In 1927, Herty stepped down from his full-time responsibilities at the Foundation to become a chemical consultant to universities, trade associations, municipal governments, and private firms located in the southern U.S.; however, he continued to work on several Foundation initiatives including the Ransdell bill for an annual retainer of US$5,000 through 1930.

In 1926, Herty began a professional relationship with U.S. Senator Joseph Ransdell based on their mutual interest in public health issues and protectionism. Herty was instrumental in assisting the Senator in the four-year struggle to gain the 1930 passage of the Ransdell Act which created the National Institute of Health from the existing Hygienic Laboratory within the United States Public Health Service.

Another function of the foundation was the promotion of the field of chemistry and its contributions to society. This goal required the identification and funding of chemical research in academia, industry and government. It also required seeking out donors to fund research deemed important. An example of Herty’s efforts occurred in 1928, when Herty worked on behalf of his alma mater, UGA, to fund a research professorship and laboratory equipment for Professor Alfred Scott to study the turpentine-derivative resene.

The Chemical Foundation was created in 1919 to oversee German patents seized by the United States Office of Alien Property during World War I to aid the growth of the nascent American chemical industry. Garvan and Alexander Mitchell Palmer were the Alien Property Custodians for President Woodrow Wilson and were tasked with the creation of the foundation.[18]

In November 1926, Herty resigned from SOCMA to become an adviser to the Chemical Foundation where he would work alongside his long-time friend and collaborator, Francis P. Garvan, the president of the Foundation from 1919 to 1937.

On October 28, 1921, a group of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers created the Washington, D.C.. Herty also focused on improving the relationship between academia and the organic chemical industry.

After serving two terms as the ACS president (1915 and 1916), Herty resigned his UNC position after being unanimously elected as the first full-time editor of the ACS publication Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry (JIEC) with an annual salary of US$6,000. Herty moved to New York City to begin his editorial duties. In addition to those duties, Herty also served as the chairman of the ACS Press and Publicity Committee beginning in 1918 which he leveraged to turn the Committee into the ACS News Service on December 9, 1918. The News Service began publishing the Chemical & Engineering News in 1924.[4] Herty remained editor of the IJEC through the latter half of 1921.

Later professional life

[17] society and business. He was a member of the county commission and president of the local school board from 1910 until 1916. As part-owner of several local businesses including the Chapel Hill Telephone Company and the Chapel Hill Bank, Herty became a well-known member of the community.Orange County Herty was also active in [16][15] In that same year he joined the American Forestry Association.[1] While on the UNC faculty, Herty was an active member of the

After continued recruitment efforts by Venable, the president of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) at the time, Herty finally accepted a long-offered appointment as the head of that school's chemistry department in January 1905 and served as the Smith Professor of Applied Chemistry, officially beginning his duties in July of that year. In 1908, Herty was appointed the dean of UNC's School of Applied Sciences and served in that position until 1911.[13] During his tenure at UNC, Herty continued to receive numerous job offers from groups including UGA as the Chair of Forestry, the United States Department of Agriculture Bureau of Soils, the Forest Products Laboratory, the University of Virginia, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; however, Herty remained at UNC.[14]

In November 1901, Herty resigned from UGA due to a dispute with the chair of the department. On January 1, 1902, he joined the United States Bureau of Forestry.[12]

The initial Herty system utilized two v-shaped galvanized iron gutters to collect the resin. The simplicity of the method allowed it to be taught to the existing workforce in the turpentine industry. Herty's method yielded more resin that was also higher in quality; however, the most important success of this new method was that it lengthened the useful lifetime of the pine trees from only a few years to decades. This extended use not only saved the trees but the naval store industry as well. Herty's less destructive collection method also allowed the trees to eventually be milled as lumber.[10] Herty subsequently moved from an iron gutter to a ceramic one, and his involvement with the Chattanooga Pottery Company in the production of the ceramic gutters eventually led to the creation of the Herty Turpentine Cup Company in 1909.[11]

Herty turpentine cup, made of clay. The hole is for nailing to a pine tree.
"Herty system" in use on turpentine trees in Northern Florida, USA, circa 1936

A Witt lecture on the poor processes used by the American Naval stores industry and the almost certain likelihood that those processes would completely destroy the Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris) led Herty to study the naval store industry's use of those trees to produce timber and turpentine.[8] After engaging in literature and field research to better understand the industry and its processes, Herty confirmed the validity of Witt's claim that the pine species would be completely destroyed. Herty also elucidated massive inefficiencies in the destructive collection processes.[9] After conferring with forester W. W. Ashe of the North Carolina Geological Survey, Herty simplified a cup and gutter system used for many decades in France to combat both problems. The "Herty system" required less forestry expertise and labor, both necessities to insure the method's financial success in the United States.[10]

Herty was granted a sabbatical leave for the 1899-1900 academic year. After securing letters of introduction from American colleagues tannenbäume for that same purpose.[7]

[6] with a promotion to Adjunct Professor of Chemistry in 1894.Franklin College In 1891, he became an instructor in the UGA Chemistry Department in [5]

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