World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Channapatna toys

Article Id: WHEBN0010832519
Reproduction Date:

Title: Channapatna toys  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lacquerware, Toy, Kempa Nanjammani Vani Vilasa Sannidhana, Anandavana, Varnashilpi Venkatappa Award
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Channapatna toys

An assortment of Channapatna toys and dolls

Channapatna toys are a particular form of [1] As a result of the popularity of these toys, Channapatna is known as Gombegala Ooru (toy-town) of Karnataka.[2] Traditionally, the work involved lacquering the wood of the Wrightia tinctoria tree,[3] colloquially called Aale mara (ivory-wood).[4]

History

Channapatna toys

The origin of these toys can be traced to the reign of Tipu Sultan who invited artisans from Persia to train the local artisans in the making of wooden toys.[2] For nearly two centuries, ivory-wood was the main wood used in the making of these toys, though rosewood and sandalwood were also occasionally used.

Manufacturing

The craft has diversified over time; in addition to the traditional ivory-wood, other woods—including rubber, sycamore, cedar, pine and teak—are now used as well.[5] Manufacturing stages include procuring the wood, seasoning the wood, cutting the wood into the desired shapes, pruning and carving the toys, applying the colours and finally polishing the finished product. Vegetable dyes are used in the colouring process to ensure that the toys and dolls are safe for use by children.[2] As of Oct 2006, more than 6,000 people in Channapatna, working in 254 home manufacturing units and 50 small factories, were engaged in the making of these toys. The Karnataka Handicrafts Development Corporation (KHDC) provides assistance with marketing efforts.[2]

Growth

With no proper backing or marketing, the Channapatna toy industry faced a financial crunch for more than a decade and was almost on the verge of dying out.[5] However with the help of KHDC, the craft has been revived and the artisans involved are being trained on changing trends in the industry, to help them keep abreast of the current scenario. Prototypes designed by master craftsmen are introduced to the local artisans, who use them to create well-designed toys and dolls. The Government of Karnataka has also provided help by constructing a Lacquerware Craft Complex, which has a manufacturing centre with 32 turning lathe machines, at Channapatna.[5] Financial assistance to the artisans, with help from the Dutch Government and the Karnataka Government's Vishwa scheme has also been provided.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ GI for Channapatna toys and dolls is mentioned by P. Manoj (2006-02-19). "GI certificate for Channapatna toys, Bidriware, Coorg orange". Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2006-02-19 (Chennai, India: 2006, The Hindu). Retrieved 2007-04-22. 
  2. ^ a b c d A brief history of Channapatna toys is provided by Govind D. Belgaumkar and Anil Kumar Sastry (2006-10-27). "Unique symbols of Karnataka". Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2006-10-27 (Chennai, India: 2006, The Hindu). Retrieved 2007-04-22. 
  3. ^ http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5859e/x5859e04.htm
  4. ^ A brief description of  
  5. ^ a b c d A detailed summary of Channapatna toys is provided by Azmathulla Shariff. "Toy town changes with new trends". Online Edition of The Deccan Herald, dated 2005-03-29. 2005, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd. Archived from the original on 2007-04-20. Retrieved 2007-04-22. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.