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Catawba language

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Title: Catawba language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Catawban languages, Stoney language, Ofo language, Extinct language, Assiniboine language
Collection: Catawba, Catawban Languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Catawba language

Native to United States
Region South Carolina
Ethnicity 500 Catawba people (1977)
Extinct before 1960
Language codes
ISO 639-3 chc
Glottolog cata1286[1]

Catawba is one of two Eastern Siouan languages of the eastern US, which together with the Western Siouan languages formed the Siouan language family.

Ethnologue reports that the last native speaker of Catawba died before 1960. Red Thunder Cloud, apparently an impostor born Cromwell Ashbie Hawkins West, claimed to speak the language until he died in 1996 (Goddard 2000). The tribe is now working to revive the Catawba language.


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Catawba". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Ives Goddard, 2000. "The Identity of Red Thunder Cloud", Smithsonian Institution, reprinted from Society for the Study of Indigenous Languages of the Americas Newsletter. (accessed 8 Apr 2010)
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