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Célestin Lainé

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Title: Célestin Lainé  
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Célestin Lainé

Célestin Lainé (1908–1983) was a Breton nationalist and collaborator during the Second World War who led the SS affiliated Bezen Perrot militia. His Breton language name is Neven Hénaff. He was a chemical engineer by training. After the war he lived in Ireland.

Contents

  • Breton terrorism 1
  • Collaboration 2
  • Exile 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5

Breton terrorism

the Monument to the Union of Brittany and France, destroyed by Lainé in 1932.

He was born in 1908 in Gwenn ha du ('white and black'). It was named after the colours of the flag of Brittany, designed by Morvan Marchal in 1925.[2] Lainé published an article summarizing its creed under the title Nos deux bases, Irlande et Prusse (Our two models: Ireland and Prussia), referring to the revolutionary zeal of the IRA and the authoriarian discipline of Prussian militarism. The gang perpetrated several bombings. Lainé claimed he made the first bomb in his bedroom from nitroglycerin in a condensed milk carton with a detonator supplied by a forestry worker.

Kristian Hamon claims it was not he but fellow nationalist André Geffroy who placed the bomb which blew up Jean Boucher's statue depicting the Unity of Brittany and France in Rennes. It happened on the morning of 7 August 1932. According to Hamon, Geffroy placed the bomb on the monument, which portrayed the duchess Anne of Brittany kneeling before King Charles VIII of France.[3]

Two people were crossing the Town Hall Square at the time but they subsequently refrained from saying what they had seen, despite the offer of a reward. The explosion tore the mass of bronze from its niche and smashed it on the ground. All the windows within a hundred metres were shattered. Parts of the sculpture have been preserved.

In 1936 Lainé created the Locquirec in the night of the 8th and 9 August 1939. The arms were recovered and stored in the abbey at Boquen.

Collaboration

Before and during the Second World War, Lainé sided with the Germans. He favoured aggressive tactics and sought to establish a distinct Breton army to work with the Nazis against the French state. ("We will continue the tradition of those who, throughout the centuries, have struggled, arms in hand, to affirm our national rights.") With Yann Goulet he participated in the creation of the Bagadou Stourm (Stormtroopers).[4] He also set up a unit of volunteers that he controlled personally, called the Service Spécial (or Lu Brezhon in Breton). This paramilitary unit was in charge of the maintenance of order within the Breton National Party.

In 1941, Lainé helped to oust Liberation of France, these collaborationist activities brought opprobrium on the whole of the Breton movement.

Exile

Hunted out of Brittany by the defeat of the Nazis, the last fighters of this unit found themselves at Tübingen, from which many stayed in Germany under false identities, assisted by Leo Weisgerber. Sentenced to death in absentia, Lainé fled to Ireland, where he lived until his death in 1983 in various locations around Ireland, notably County Dublin and Oranmore in County Galway.

Olier Mordrel, co-founder of the Breton independence party, wrote that he "was a strange man. He had become the prophet of a Celtic religion made for himself, where Nordic racism was married to the Nietzschian will to power, and not without flirting with an air of romantic druidism."

Notes

  1. ^ , pp.4-5Bezen Perrot: The Breton nationalist unit of the SS, 1943-5Daniel Leach,
  2. ^ Gwen ha DuSee the external link, . .davantage en français
  3. ^ L'Union de la Bretagne à La France
  4. ^ Bagadou means 'troops': stourm means 'combat' or 'struggle': a name clearly based on that of the German Sturmtruppen, developed during the First World War to pass through enemy lines in small numbers and to harass the enemy's immediate rear while other troops followed up with a frontal attack.

References

  • Breiz, E. Dictionnaire Breton. Garnier. Paris (1986) ISBN 2-7370-0253-2
  • Hamon, Kristian, Le Bezen Perrot: 1944, des nationalistes bretons sous l'uniforme allemand, Yoran Embanner, 2004, (ISBN 2-9521446-1-3)
  • Hamon, Kristian, Les nationalistes bretons sous l'occupation, An Here, 2001 (ISBN 2-86843-224-7)
  • Bezen Perrot: The Breton nationalist unit of the SS, 1943-5Leach, Daniel,
  • Meurig Evans, H. & Thomas, W. O. Y Geiriadur Newydd (The New Welsh Dictionary) Llandybie, (1953)
  • Mordel, O. Breiz Atao (from fr. WorldHeritage)
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