World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Buland Darwaza

Article Id: WHEBN0003468743
Reproduction Date:

Title: Buland Darwaza  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mughal architecture, Agra, Persian Inscriptions on Indian Monuments, Agra district, Fatehpur Sikri
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Buland Darwaza

Buland Darwaza
Buland Darwaza

Buland Darwaza (Hindi: बुलंद दरवाज़ा, Urdu: بُلند دروازه‎,[1] pronounced ), or the "Gate of Magnificence", was built in 1576 A.D. by Akbar to commemorate his victory over Gujarat. It is the main entrance to the palace at Fatehpur Sikri, a town which is 43 km from Agra, India.[2][3]

Buland Darwaza is the highest gateway in the world and is an example of Mughal architecture. It displays Akbar's empire.[4][5]

Contents

  • Architecture 1
  • Inscription 2
  • Purpose 3
  • See Also 4
  • Notes and references 5
  • External links 6

Architecture

The Buland Darwaza is made of red and buff sandstone, decorated by white and black marble and is higher than the courtyard of the mosque. The Buland Darwaza is symmetrical and is topped by large free standing kiosks, which are the chhatris. It also has at top center the Buland Darwaza style roof terrace edge gallery-kiosks on the roof, stylized buckler-battlements, small minar-spires, and inlay work with white and black marble. On the outside a long flight of steps sweeps down the hill giving the gateway additional height. It is 40 metres high and 50 metres from the ground. The total height of the structure is about 54 metres from the ground level. It is a 15-storied high gateway acting as the southern entrance of the city of Fatehpur Sikri. The approach to the gate consists of 42 steps.[6] It is semi octagonal in plan and two smaller triple-storeyed wings on either side. It has three kiosks on its top surrounded by thirteen smaller domed kiosks. There are smaller turrets surrounding the gateway.[4][5] The expanse is broken by arched niches, small chhatries and marble highlights. It highlights the courtyard of the Jami Masjid. The principal arch stands in the centre of three projecting sides and topped by a dome. The central arch is broken into three tiers with rows of smaller arches and flat brackets.[5]

The great gate itself is plain. The three horizontal panels of buff stone noticeable in Badshahi Darwaza are also present here. The plain red sandstone spandrels are framed in white marble with a flower like ornament inlaid in white marble at the apex of the arch, and a flattish rosette, centered with the narrow panel above it, on either side. The cusped ornament, large and bold in fact, but small and delicate when seen from below, is carried down below the springing of the arch. Two pieces have been broken off from the left hand side and eight from the right.The arch has three actual openings bordered by decorative panels and superimposed by three other arched openings crowned by a semi-dome.[4][5] The total height of the Gate above the pavement is 176 ft.

A Persian inscription on eastern archway of the Buland Darwaza records Akbar's conquest over Uttar Pradesh and the victory in Gujarat in 1601. An inscription on the central face of the Buland Darwaza describes Akbar's religious openness.

It took nearly 12 years to make the highest gateway.

Honeycombs at Buland Darwaza

Inscription

On the main gateway an Islamic inscription written in Persian reads "Isa (Jesus), son of Mary said: 'The world is a Bridge, pass over it, but build no houses upon it. He who hopes for a day, may hope for eternity; but the World endures but an hour. Spend it in prayer for the rest is unseen.'" Jesus was advising his followers not to consider the world as a permanent home.[6] Verses from the Quran have been carved in the Naskh (script) along the top. These were drawn by Khwaja Hussain Chishti, a disciple of Sheikh Salim Chishti.[5]

Purpose

Buland Darwaza was not a part of the original design of the Jami Masjid, it was erected by Akbar to celebrate his conquest of Gujrat in 1573.[5]

See Also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Buland Darwaza" means 'high' or 'great' gate in Urdu.
  2. ^ "Places to Visit in India: Buland Darwaza". India Travel. Archived from the original on 5 November 2014. 
  3. ^ There is another memorial gate called the "Buland Darwaza" at the  , and another in Hyderabad near the Golconda Fort.
  4. ^ a b c http://www.agraindia.org.uk/fatehpur-sikri/monuments/buland-darwaza.html
  5. ^ a b c d e f http://www.culturalindia.net/monuments/buland-darwaza.html
  6. ^ a b "Buland Darwaza". 

External links

  • http://www.bharatonline.com/uttar-pradesh/travel/fatehpur-sikri/buland-darwaza.html
  • http://www.cruisingindia.com/document/uttar-pradesh/cities-in-uttar-pradesh/agra/things-to-do-in-agra/buland-darwaza-in-fatehpur-sikri-20060211090730/
  • http://www.tajhub.com/taj-mahal/monuments-india/fatehpur_sikri/architecture.html
  • Gateway to the Mughal era, K D L Khan, Maharaja Features, Sunday 15 May 2011, Deccan Herald


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.