World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Botanic Gardens (Belfast)

Article Id: WHEBN0004532027
Reproduction Date:

Title: Botanic Gardens (Belfast)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Belfast, Greenhouses, Belfast City Council, Balmoral Cemetery, Belfast, Clifton Street Cemetery
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Botanic Gardens (Belfast)

Botanic Gardens Belfast
Palm House and flower bed
Type Botanical
Location Belfast, Co. Down
Area 28 acres (110,000 m2)
Opened 1828 (1828)
Owned by Belfast City Council
Status Open All Year
Collections
Public transit access Botanic railway station
Website Botanic Gardens

Botanic Gardens is a public park in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Occupying 28 acres (110,000 m2) of south Belfast, the gardens are popular with office workers, students and tourists. They are located on Stranmillis Road in Queen's Quarter, with Queen's University nearby. The Ulster Museum is located at the main entrance.[1]

History

The gardens opened in 1828 as the private Royal Belfast Botanical Gardens. It continued as a private park for many years, only opening to members of the public on Sundays prior to 1895. Then it became a public park in 1895 when the Belfast Corporation bought the gardens from the Belfast Botanical and Horticultural Society. The Belfast Corporation was the predecessor of Belfast City Council, the present owner.[2][3]

The Palm House

The gardens' most notable feature is the Marquess of Donegall in 1839 and work was completed in 1840.[4] It is one of the earliest examples of a curvilinear cast iron glasshouses in the world. Designed by Charles Lanyon and built by Richard Turner, Belfast's Palm House predates the glasshouses at Kew and the Irish National Botanic Gardens at Glasnevin. Turner went on to build both of these glasshouses. The Palm House consists of two wings, the cool wing and the tropical wing which contains the dome. Lanyon altered his original plans to increase the height of the dome, allowing for much taller plants. In the past these have included an 11 metre tall Globe Spear Lily. The lily, which is native to Australia, finally bloomed in March 2005 after a 23 year wait. The Palm House also features a 400 year old Xanthorrhoea .

Other features

The gardens also contain another glasshouse, the Tropical Ravine House. Built by head gardener Charles McKimm in 1889, it features a unique design. A sunken ravine runs the length of the building, with a balcony at each side for viewing. The most popular attraction is the Dombeya, which flowers every February.[5]

The Palm House and the Tropical Ravine House were symbols of Belfast's growing industrial might and prosperity in the Victorian era and attracted over 10,000 visitors a day. The gardens also feature one of the longest herbaceous borders in the UK and Ireland. The is also a rose garden built in 1932 and various species of tree, including the hornbeam-oak. A statue of Lord Kelvin stands at the Stranmillis Road entrance.

Concerts

Concerts and music festivals are held at the Stranmillis Embankment end of the gardens. From 2002 to 2006 the Tennents ViTal festival was held in the gardens. Performers included Kings of Leon, Franz Ferdinand, The Coral, The Streets and The White Stripes. In 2006 Snow Patrol, The Raconteurs, Editors and Kaiser Chiefs played at the festival.[6]

On August 26, 1997 U2 played their first Belfast concert in over a decade as part of the PopMart Tour. 40,000 fans attended, with thousands more lining the perimeter fence and watching from rooftops on Ridgeway Street. Local band Ash and Howard B were the support acts.[7]

Celine Dion was due to perform in the Botanic Gardens on 29 May 1999 during her Let's Talk About Love World Tour, however the show was cancelled along with her performance in Dublin on the 27th May 1999.

Popular culture

While the consumption of alcohol is banned within the park, groups of young people drinking are common during the summer months. The opening scene of Colin Bateman's novel Divorcing Jack finds the protagonist Dan Starkey with a crate of Harp in the gardens.[8]

Botanic Station

Frequent trains operated by Northern Ireland Railways run to Botanic railway station.

References

  1. ^ "Botanic Gardens". WalkNI. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  2. ^ "Belfast Botanic Gardens - history". Friends of Belfast Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "Belfast Botanic Gardens and Palm House". Discover Northern Ireland. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Palm House". Friends of Belfast Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Tropical Ravine". Friends of Belfast Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  6. ^ "Vital Music - History". Vital Music. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  7. ^ "August 26, 1997 - Belfast, Northern Ireland - Botanic Gardens". U2 Station. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  8. ^ The Media and the Tourist Imagination: Converging Cultures. Routledge, 2005. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 

Further reading

McCracken, E. 1971. The Palm House and Botanic Garden, Belfast. Ulster Architectural Heritage Society.

External links

  • Belfast Botanic Gardens
  • Palm House
  • Tropical Ravine
  • Friends of Belfast Botanic Gardens
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.