World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Blythe Airport

Article Id: WHEBN0007313363
Reproduction Date:

Title: Blythe Airport  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: USAAF Fourth Air Force Tactical Airfields, Blythe, California, BLH, World War II airfields in the United States, Colorado Desert
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Blythe Airport

Blythe Airport
(former Blythe Army Air Field)
2008 aerial photo
ICAO: KBLHFAA LID: BLH
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner County of Riverside
Serves Blythe, California
Elevation AMSL 399 ft / 122 m
Coordinates
Map
BLH is located in California
BLH
Location in California
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
8/26 6,543 1,994 Asphalt
17/35 5,800 1,768 Asphalt
Statistics (2010)
Aircraft operations 25,150
Based aircraft 5

Blythe Airport (ICAO: KBLHFAA LID: BLH) is seven miles west of Blythe, in Riverside County, California.[1] The National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a general aviation facility.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Past Airline Service 2
  • Facilities 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Other sources 6
  • External links 7

History

Blythe Airport was established by the Civil Aeronautics Administration in the late 1930s as an emergency landing field on the Los Angeles to Phoenix airway. A commercial airport opened in April 1940.

The airport was leased by the United States Army in 1942 and between 1942 and 1944, the U.S. War Department acquired 4,248.12 acres in fee from various private parties, 6.54 acres of public domain land via transfer, 282.61 acres by lease from the County of Riverside, a 1.98-acre easement, and a 0.63-acre permit. The Army encroached on another 20.18 acres, increasing the total acquisition for Blythe Army Air Field to 4,560.06 acres. Over 650 buildings and other types of military facilities and improvements were constructed at this airfield, including hangars, office buildings, barracks, warehouses, runways and taxiways, water and sewer systems, a hospital, and fuel and ordnance storage.

In addition to the main facility at Blythe, several auxiliary airfields were built.

  • Gary Field
Now W R Byron Airport
  • Desert Center AAF
Now Desert Center Airport

During General George S. Patton shortly after the outbreak of the war, Blythe was the only air field with construction already under way. For six months, the air field served as the sole air support base for the Army maneuvers under way at the DTC.

The 46th Bombardment Group and later the 85th Bombardment Group occupied the field during the CAMA days and flew a variety of planes including A-31 Vengeances and A-36 Apaches. Once air fields were established at three new locations within the DTC (Thermal, Rice and Desert Center), Blythe field was no longer required for the Army's desert exercises. After General Patton was sent to North Africa, the name of the training center was changed to the California-Arizona Maneuver Area (CAMA). The 46th and 85th Bomb Groups were reassigned.

The Army Air Forces then used Blythe as a heavy bombardment crew training base for the Second Air Force 16th Bombardment Training Wing 358th Combat Crew Training School. The field's mission was changed to the training of combat air crews prior to shipment overseas. The 85th Bombardment Group and the 390th Bombardment Group were active at Blythe AAF in 1942 and 1943. Up to 75 Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses were flown and maintained at the base. During 1943 and 1944, Blythe AAF was used for squadron pilot training, then in December 1944 reverted to an active heavy bombardment base with Consolidated B-24 Liberators

Known units assigned to Blythe Army Airfield were:

At its peak in December, 1943 the base had a population just short of 8000 uniformed and civilian personnel. This was twice the population of the city of Blythe, the only community within a one hundred mile radius. By April 1944 only a housekeeping force was assigned to the base. By July 1944 the field was abandoned by the Army and declared surplus. 126 airmen were killed in Blythe Army Air Base-related accidents.

Blythe Army Air Field later became a sub-base of Muroc Army Air Field (now Edwards Air Force Base) on 30 June 1945, and was inactivated on 18 October 1945, although during October–December 1946, the 477th Composite Group (Medium) used the airfield for desert maneuvers, flying North American B-25 Mitchells.

The airfield was declared surplus in 1946 and was reported to the General Service Administration for disposal. On September 10, 1948, the entire 4,560-acre site was transferred to the County of Riverside via quitclaim deed dated September 10, 1948

Today a modern airport has been built on the site of the former wartime airfield; however most of the area of what was Blythe Army Air Field has been abandoned to the natural landscape being empty and undeveloped. Abandoned runways and concrete parking ramps are visible in aerial photography.

Past Airline Service

Blythe was served by Bonanza Air Lines with Fairchild F-27s to Los Angeles, Phoenix, Tucson and other cities. Bonanza merged with Pacific Air Lines and West Coast Airlines to form Air West which continued to operate F-27s from the airport. Air West became Hughes Airwest which eventually ceased all passenger service from Blythe.

Cochise Airlines served Blythe in 1980 with service to Yuma, Imperial and on to LAX.≈[3] Desert Sun Airlines flew Piper Navajo's on a LAX-riverside-Blythe routing in 1985.§[4]


It never served Blythe, but Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) conducted jet training flights from the Blythe Airport on occasion. PSA was based in San Diego so Blythe was a convenient location.

Facilities

Blythe Airport covers 3,904 acres (1,580 ha) at an elevation of 399 feet (122 m). It has two asphalt runways: 8/26 is 6,543 by 150 feet (1,994 x 46 m) and 17/35 is 5,800 by 100 feet (1,768 x 30 m).[1]

In 2010 the airport had 25,150 aircraft operations, average 68 per day: 99% general aviation and 1% military. Five aircraft were then based at this airport, three single-engine and two multi-engine.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d FAA Airport Master Record for BLH (Form 5010 PDF); Federal Aviation Administration. Effective May 31, 2012. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Blythe Airport
  2. ^ "2011–2015 NPIAS Report, Appendix A" (PDF, 2.03 MB). National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2010. 
  3. ^ Cochise Airline 1980 timetable.
  4. ^ Timetable dated june 1985.

Other sources

  •  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History.  
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History.  
  • Shaw, Frederick J. (2004). Locating Air Force Base Sites: History’s Legacy. Air Force History and Museums Program, United States Air Force, Washington DC, 2004.
  • Wilson, Art (2008). Runways in the Sand:The History of Blythe Army Air Base. Blythe, California: Art Wilson. p. 128.  D769.85.C21 B598 2008 LCC  

External links

  • Aerial image as of May 2002 from USGS The National Map
  • FAA Terminal Procedures for BLH, effective June 23, 2016
  • Resources for this airport:
    • FAA airport information for BLH
    • AirNav airport information for KBLH
    • ASN accident history for BLH
    • FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker
    • NOAA/NWS latest weather observations
    • SkyVector aeronautical chart, Terminal Procedures
  • U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Blythe Army Air Field (historical) – giving


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.