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Bihar al-Anwar

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Title: Bihar al-Anwar  
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Subject: Tafsir Numani, Tasbih, Al-Istibsar, Al-Sunan al-Sughra, Daim al-Islam
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Bihar al-Anwar

Bihār al-Anwār (Arabic: بحار الأنوار‎, meaning "Seas of Lights") is a comprehensive collection of traditions (ahadith) compiled by the Shi'i scholar Mulla Muhammad Baqir, known as 'Allama Majlisi (d. 1110/1698). It is a hadith collection, the second source of inspiration in Shia Islam.

Probably completed between 1106 AH (1694 AD) and 1110 AH (1698 AD), it is a compendium of ahadith (Hadith), historical subjects and commentaries on many Qur'anic verses.

Bihar al-Anwar has 110 volumes. Majlisi compiled it to gather all the ahadith he could access. His primary goal was to preserve the available knowledge for future generations. Majlisi has acknowledged this issue in the preface of Bihar al-Anwar, emphasizing that the traditions collected where not included without being subjected to scrutiny, a task in itself that was a major undertaking. Majlisi says, "Then I chose to examine the traditions of the infallible, righteous Imams, started exploring them and investigated them as was their right and I acquired its skill as was its due.". Despite Majlisi acknowledgement, criticism has remained about his approach with some critics suggesting that he has gathered both "pearls" and "pebbles".

The full name of the book Bihar al-Anwar in itself suggests that Majlisi did not collect anything he had access to in this book. The full name of the book is "Oceans of Light an encyclopedia for Pearls of traditions of the Pure Aimmah" بحار الأنوار الجامعة لدرر أخبار الأءمة الأطهار

The collection is the most comprehensive (as a single collection) among all Islamic ahadith collections. The author collected narrations related from Muhammad, including statements by Fatimah (the daughter of Muhammad) and the Shi'i Imams (Twelver), using both Shi'i Shia Islam and Sunni Sunni Islam sources. The collection also includes his commentary on these narrations.

Sources Bihar al-Anwar

The main objective of Allama Majlisi for preservation Heritage of Shia And the diversity of traditions,Led to a variety of resources and a lot of effort to gather and apply them."[1] Allama Majlisi many of the principles, scriptures and treatises valid or attributed to the imams and the companions and the Shiite scholars data base,But the descriptions and reviews of other resources such as dictionaries, history, theology, philosophy, ethics, public hadith books and commentaries are also used That in the first season introduction of these two dedicated sources And in the second season, the confidence text sources stated.

Contacts of Bihar al-Anwar

Bihar is a community tradition, which includes correct and is Suqeim,And more aspects of collecting and prevent the destruction of the Shiite tradition has emphasized Heritage,Looks like an encyclopedia Bihar al-Anwar audience is the scientific community,Because the detection accuracy and inaccuracy of its traditions and transport, causing doubts have also been raised less than the power of Commons.As the difference between acceptance and rejection that has always been scientists."[2] "[3]

See also

Bihar al-Anwar By Shaykh al-Islam Muhammad Baqir al Majlisi(d.1110/1698) It has been recently published by the Open School,Chicago and prefaced by Mohammad Hussain Jalai in 1421/2000CE


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