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Beit Alpha

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Beit Alpha

This article is about the modern Kibbutz Beit Alfa. For the sixth-century Beth Alpha synagogue, see Beth Alpha.
Beit Alfa
בֵּית אַלְפָא

Beit Alfa, 1930s
Beit Alfa
Beit Alfa

Coordinates: 32°30′58″N 35°25′49″E / 32.51611°N 35.43028°E / 32.51611; 35.43028Coordinates: 32°30′58″N 35°25′49″E / 32.51611°N 35.43028°E / 32.51611; 35.43028

District North
Council Menashe
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded November 21, 1962
Founded by Hashomer Hatzair
Population 1,100

Beit Alfa (Hebrew: בֵּית אַלְפָא) (also Beit Alpha) is a kibbutz in the Northern District of Israel, near the Gilboa ridge.

History

The kibbutz was founded in 1922 by Hashomer Hatzair alpha pioneers. The first members came from Poland.[1] In 1940 some of the members, affiliated with Hashomer Hatzair, moved to Ramat Yohanan kibbutz, in exchange for supporters of Mapai from Ramat Yohanan. According to the Jewish National Fund, this move was prompted by an ideological split. [1]

On 1 April 1948 the kibbutz was attacked by Arab mortar fire. The Arabs withdrew as a platoon from the 1st parachute battalion of the British 6th Airborne Division approached.[2]

The kibbutz dairy was the first Israeli dairy to use robotic milking technology.

Archaeology

The Beit Alfa Synagogue National Park, located at the nearby kibbutz Heftziba, contains an ancient Byzantine-era synagogue, with a mosaic floor depicting the lunar Hebrew months as they correspond to the signs of the zodiac.[3][4]

Controversy

One of Beit Alfa's main industries is riot control equipment. According to The Guardian, Beit Alfa sold water cannons to the apartheid regime in South Africa in the 1980s in a "secret pact."[5] Beit Alfa says that using water cannons to disperse riots instead of live ammunition can save human lives.[6]

See also

References

External links

  • (Hebrew)
  • 1925
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