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Bangka–Belitung Islands Province
Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung
Pangkal Pinang, the largest town of the province

Motto: Serumpun Sebalai (Malay)
(The same root, the same place)

Location of Bangka–Belitung in Indonesia

Coordinates: 2°8′S 106°7′E / 2.133°S 106.117°E / -2.133; 106.117Coordinates: 2°8′S 106°7′E / 2.133°S 106.117°E / -2.133; 106.117

Country Indonesia
Capital Pangkal Pinang
 • Governor Rustam Effendi
 • Total 16,424.14 km2 (6,341.40 sq mi)
Population [1]
 • Total 1,223,048
 • Density 74/km2 (190/sq mi)
 • Ethnic groups Malays (72%), Chinese (12%), Javanese (6%), Buginese (3%), Madurese (1%), Sundanese (1%)
 • Religion Muslim (82%), Buddhist (4.24%), Confucianism (3.25%), Protestantism (1.8%), Roman Catholicism (1.2%), Hindu (0.09%)[2]
 • Languages Indonesian, Malay, Hakka (Chinese)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)

The Bangka–Belitung Islands (Indonesian: Kepulauan Bangka Belitung) is a province of Indonesia. Lying off Sumatra, the province comprises two main islands, Bangka and Belitung, and several smaller ones. In 2010 its population was 1,223,048.[1] The capital is Pangkal Pinang.

The Bangka Strait separates Sumatra and Bangka, and the Gaspar Strait separates Bangka and Belitung. The South China Sea is to the north, the Java Sea is to the south, and the province is separated from Borneo in the east by the Karimata Strait.


The first Chinese workers who came to Indonesia were mainly men. They began assimilating with local people and intermarriages followed, residents coexisting peacefully in spite of differences in religion and ethnicity. When anti-Chinese riots occurred in some parts of Indonesia in 1998 at the end of the Soeharto regime, local people and those of Chinese descent lived peacefully in the Bangka Belitung province.[3]

The province was formerly part of South Sumatra, but became a separate province along with Banten and Gorontalo in 2000.


These islands are the largest producer of tin in Indonesia. white pepper is also produced.


According to the Indonesian Health Department, Bangka Belitung is highly malarious area. The annual malaria incidence rate in Bangka Belitung is reported as 29.3/1000 population.[4]

Administrative divisions

Bangka-Belitung is divided into six regencies and one city, below with their (provisional) populations at the 2010 Census.

Name Area (km2) Population
Estimate 2005
Census 2010
Pangkal Pinang (city) 118.80 145,945 174,838 Pangkal Pinang
Bangka Regency 2,950.69 246,579 277,193 Sungailiat
West Bangka Regency (Bangka Barat) 2,820.61 147,855 175,110 Muntok
South Bangka Regency (Bangka Selatan) 3,607.08 148,912 172,476 Toboali
Central Bangka Regency (Bangka Tengah) 2,126.36 133,380 161,075 Koba
Total Bangka 11,623.54 822,671 960,692
Belitung Regency 2,293.69 132,777 155,925 Tanjung Pandan
East Belitung Regency (Belitung Timur) 2,506.91 87,380 106,432 Manggar
Total Belitung 4,800.60 220,157 262,357


Bangka Belitung Islands have many beaches and smaller islands with beaches having blue sea waters, coral reefs, white sand, and giant granite rock formations which have attracted tourists from around the world. The most well known beaches in Bangka Island are Matras, Parai, Tanjung Pesona, Batu Bedaun, Remodong, Pasir Padi, Tanjung Kelian, Rebo, and Telok Uber Beach. Whereas Belitung Island beaches are Tanjung Kiras Beach, Tanjung Pendam Beach, Tanjung Tinggi Beach, Tanjung Kelayang Beach, Tanjung Binga fisherman village Beach, Panyaeran Beach, Tanjung kubu Beach, Gembira Bay and Tanjung Ru Beach, which are the sites for diving, scuba, snorkeling, fishing and sailing.[5]


Further reading

  • Somers Heidhues, Mary F.(1992)Bangka tin and Mentok pepper : Chinese settlement on an Indonesian island Singapore : Social Isuues in Southeast Asia, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 981-3035-99-4
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