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Asian Canadian

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Title: Asian Canadian  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Chinese Canadian, Pakistani Canadian, Mongolian Canadian, Tibetan Canadian, Malaysian Canadian
Collection: Asian Canadian, Canadian People of Asian Descent, Ethnic Groups in Canada
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Asian Canadian

Asian Canadians
Total population

Asian Canadians
5,011,225 (15.3% of the Canadian population)

2011 National Household Survey
Regions with significant populations
Southern Ontario  · Lower Mainland British Columbia  · Most urban areas
Canadian English  · Canadian French  · Asian Languages
Christianity  · Buddhism/East Asian religions  · Islam  · Hinduism  · Sikhism  · Irreligion
Related ethnic groups
Asian American  · British Asian  · British East Asian  · Asian Australian  · Asian New Zealander  · Asian French  · Asian people

Asian Canadians ancestry refers to Canadians who can trace their ancestry back to the continent of Asia or the Asian people. Canadians of Asian ancestry comprise the largest visible minority group in Canada, at 15% of the Canadian population, and is the fastest growing. Most "Asian Canadians" are concentrated in the urban areas of Southern Ontario, the Greater Vancouver area, Calgary, and other large Canadian cities. In Canada, the term 'Asian' is pan-continental, in contrast to its usage in other English-speaking countries.


  • History 1
  • Demographics 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Canada has a long history of East Asian immigration. During the 19th century, many Chinese arrived to take part in the British Columbia gold rushes and later for the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The Chinese who came from Guangdong Province helped build the Canadian Pacific Railway through the Fraser Canyon. Many Japanese people arrived in the 1890s and became fishermen and merchants in British Columbia. In 1923, the federal government passed the Chinese Immigration Act of 1923, which banned all Chinese immigration, and led to immigration restrictions for all East Asians. In 1947, the act was repealed.

During and after the Vietnam War and the Korean War, a large wave of Vietnamese and Korean refugees began arriving in Canada. The Canadian Parliament created the Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada in 1985 to better address issues surrounding Canada-Asia relations, including trade, citizenship and immigration. When Hong Kong reverted to mainland Chinese rule, people emigrated and found new homes in Canada.

In recent decades, a large number of people have come to Canada from India and other South Asian countries such as Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh. As of 2011, South Asians alone make up over 15% of the Greater Toronto Area's population.

Today, Asian Canadians form a significant minority within the population, and over 5 million Asians call Canada their home.


Based on 2011 census,[1] there are 5.01 million Asian Canadian with the following ethnic identities.

West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins: 778,465

South Asian origins: 1,615,925

East and South East Asian origins: 2,650,000

The Asian Canadian population by province or territory according to the 2011 Census.

Province Asian People %
Ontario 2,604,595 20.6%
British Columbia 1,122,445 26.0%
Alberta 551,710 15.5%
Quebec 488,905 6.3%
Manitoba 126,600 10.8%
Saskatchewan 55,095 5.5%
Nova Scotia 31,875 3.5%
New Brunswick 14,535 2.0%
Newfoundland and Labrador 6,310 1.2%
Prince Edward Island 4,360 3.2%
Yukon 2,205 6.7%
Northwest Territories 2,165 5.3%
Nunavut 425 1.3%
Canada 5,011,225 15.3%

Top 20 of Asian Canadian Demographics according to the 2011 Census.

Population of Various Asian Canadian Groups
Ethnic Origins Population
Chinese Canadians 1,487,580
Indo-Canadians 1,165,145
Filipino Canadians 662,600
Vietnamese Canadians 220,425
Lebanese Canadians 190,275
Korean Canadians 168,890
Iranian Canadians 163,290
Pakistani Canadians 155,310
Sri Lankan Canadians 139,415
Japanese Canadians 109,740
Afghan Canadians 62,815
Armenian Canadians 55,740
Turkish Canadians 55,430
Iraqi Canadians 49,680
Syrian Canadians 40,840
Cambodian Canadians 34,340
Bangladeshi Canadians 34,205
Palestinian Canadians 31,245
Taiwanese Canadians 30,330
Laotian Canadians 22,090

See also


  1. ^ [1]

External links

  • Asian Canadian Website
  • Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada
  • 2001 demographics from Statistics Canada
  • Information for South Asians and Indians in Canada
  • Asian Canadian Wiki
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