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Asansol railway station

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Title: Asansol railway station  
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Subject: Asansol–Patna section, Damodar railway station, Dhanbad Junction railway station, Madhukunda railway station, Raniganj railway station
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Asansol railway station

Indian Railway Junction Station
Asansol railway station
Station statistics
Address Station Road, Asansol, Bardhaman, West Bengal
Elevation 96 metres (315 ft)
Line(s) Bardhaman-Asansol section and Asansol-Patna section of Howrah-Delhi main line
Asansol-Gaya section of Grand Chord and Howrah–Gaya–Delhi line
Asansol–Tatanagar–Kharagpur line
Connections Arrival, Departure time: 131 (manual), 133 (pre-recorded)
Reservation Enquiry: +91 341 2204630
Structure type Standard (on ground station)
Platforms 7
Parking Available
Bicycle facilities Available
Baggage check Not available
Other information
Opened 1863-64
Electrified 1957-1962
Station code ASN
Division(s) Asansol
Owned by Indian Railways
Operator Eastern Railway, South Eastern Railway
Station status Functioning
Formerly East Indian Railway, Bengal Nagpur Railway
Adra–Asansol line
to Bardhaman-
Asansol section
0 Asansol
to Asansol-Gaya section
of Grand Chord
5 Burnpur
IISCO Steel Plant
(Steel Authority of India Limited)
to Kalipahari (freight line)
Colliery sidings
11 Damodar
Damodar River
16 Madhukunda
23 Muradi
Parbeliya Colliery
28 Ramkanali
33 Bero
38 Joychandi Pahar
to Adra-Gomoh branch line
42 Adra
to Adra-Kharagpur line
to Adra-Purulia line

Asansol is a railway station in Asansol subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It serves Asansol and the surrounding areas.


Mining-industry zone

“The entire belt between Durgapur (158 km from Howrah), and all the way up to Dhanbad and beyond is industrialized. Apart from factories, there are many coalmines, some closed now, and some with fires burning deep in the mineshafts. The mining area extends for a large area, mostly to the south of the tracks. Quite a portion of the track passes through cuttings, where the surrounding area is higher than the track level, resulting in the profusion of characteristic small masonry bridges crossing the tracks.” This description is from “Gomoh loco shed and CLW trip record” by Samit Roychoudhury.[1]


During the middle of the nineteenth century, M/s Carr, Tagore & Company transported coal from Narayankuri ghat on the Damodar River to Kolkata, then known as Calcutta. However, as the flow of water in the river was inconsistent, supplies were irregular. In order to capture the lucrative coal transport business, East Indian Railway, extended the railway track that had been laid between Kolkata and Hooghly to Raniganj in 1855 and up to Asansol in July 1863.[2][3][4]

The East Indian Railway needed land to develop the infrastructure for the railways. While the Searsol Raj, then the zamindar in the Raniganj area, refused to provide the land, the Panchakot Raj, then functioning from Kashipur, agreed to provide the land in Shergarh, of which Asansol was then a part. In 1863-64, East Indian Railway purchased a large area of jungle land from the Panchakot Raj, thereby initiating the development of Asansol as an industrial area.[3][4]

Subsequently, Asansol gained further in importance. What was later known as the Sahibganj Loop was the first line from Kolkata to Delhi and the first direct train started in 1866, but the shorter line via Asansol and Jhajha came up in 1871. It was initially called the Chord line but as it attracted more traffiic, was rechristened the main line and the earlier main line became Sahibganj loop. With the completion of the Sitarampur-Gaya-Mughalsarai Grand Chord in 1901 (formally inaugurated in 1906 and finally opened in 1907), the Kolkata-Delhi rail distance became even shorter, and Asansol started functioning as the junction station of the main and chord lines, as Sitarampur, the actual junction, near Asansol, is a comparatively smaller station.[4][5]

While momentous developments were taking place in connecting Delhi and Kolkata by rail, Bengal Nagpur Railway extended its tracks to the Asansol coal belt in 1887, thus connecting Adra with Asansol.[2]

The railway establishment at Asansol contributed substantially to its development and growth.[3]


Electrification of the railways gained momentum in the early fifties. Although initial installatons were with 3 kV DC traction, the railways subsequently adopted the 25 kV AC system. Electrification of the Bardhaman-Mughalsarai section was completed in 1957 and the Howrah-Gaya stretch was electrified by around 1960.[6] The Tatanagar-Adra-Asansol section was electrified in the 1957-1962 period.[7]

Loco shed

Asansol is home to the oldest electric loco shed of Indian Railways. It houses WAG-5 and WAM-4 electric locomotives.[8]

Asansol Division

Established in 1925, Asansol Division is one of the oldest divisions of Indian Railways. On the Howrah-Delhi main line, its jurisdiction extends from the distant signal of Khana junction to the distant signal of Jhajha . On the Grand Chord line its jurisdiction extends up to the distant signal of Pradhankhunta. Branch lines under its jurisdiction are: Andal-Sainthia, Andal-Tapasi-Barabani-Sitarampur, Madhupur-Giridih, Jasidih-Baidyanathdham and Jasidih-Dumka. With a total of 565 route kilometers, the division has quadruple lines (two up and two down line) from Khana to Sitarampur. It handles 100 mail/express trains daily and 212 passenger train runs per day. The number of originating passengers per day is 144,070.[9]

Passenger movement

Asansol is amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[10]

152 trains (including weeklies and bi-weeklies) originate or pass through Asansol railway station.[11] All trains except the Howrah Rajdhani and Durontos stop here.


Asansol railway station has 3 double-bedded AC retiring rooms, 2 double-bedded non-AC retiring rooms and an eight-bedded dormitory.[12]


  1. ^ "Gomoh loco shed and CLW trip record". Indian Railway Reports. IRFCA). 
  2. ^ a b "The Chronology of Railway Development in Eastern India.". railindia. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c "Asansol". railindia. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c "Indian Railway History Timeline". Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "Hazaribagh District (1918)". IRFCA. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "Electric Traction - I". IRFCA (Indian Railways Fan Club). Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  7. ^ Ghose, Arabinda. "Platinum Jubilee of Railway Electrification in India". Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Sheds and Workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "Eastern Railway". Asansol Division. Eastern Railway. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Trains at Asansol Junction". IRFCA. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Retiring Room Details". Eastern Railway. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 

External links

  • Trains at Asansol

Asansol travel guide from Wikivoyage

Preceding station   Indian Railways   Following station
Eastern Railway zone
Terminus South Eastern Railway zone
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