World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Armenian Canadian

Armenians in Canada
Regions with significant populations
Ontario (Toronto, Ottawa), Quebec (Montreal, Laval)
Armenian mainly Western Armenian with a minority of Eastern Armenian, English, French,
Related ethnic groups
Other White Canadians, Armenians

Armenian Canadians (Armenian: կանադահայեր)[1] are Canadian citizens of Armenian ancestry or Armenia-born people who reside in Canada. The 2006 census determined that their number was 50,500[2] and 30,130 had Armenian as their mother tongue.[3] A large part of the Armenian diaspora in Canada came from nations in the Middle East and some from Europe.[4] Canada has also seen increased immigration from Armenia, especially after the collapse of the Soviet Union.


  • History 1
  • Communities 2
    • Montreal and Laval 2.1
    • Toronto 2.2
    • Ottawa 2.3
    • Other Ontario regions 2.4
    • Vancouver 2.5
  • Notable Armenian Canadians 3
  • See also 4
  • References and notes 5
  • External links 6


During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Armenians who had escaped persecution from the Armenian Genocide settled in communities in southern Ontario. Early immigrants congregated in kratarans or reading rooms where Armenian Canadians shared Armenian literature.[5]

Thousands of Armenians made their way to Canada after federal immigration policies became less restrictive during the 1950s. Many newcomers were originally from Middle Eastern countries that were affected by strife such as Egypt, Iran, Lebanon, Syria and Turkey. In the early 1990s, some Armenians immigrated to Canada after the disintegration of the Soviet Union.

Most Armenian-Canadians are centered in the provinces of Quebec and Ontario and are active in community life. Smaller communities exist in the central and Maritime Provinces, with a slightly larger community in British Columbia.


Montreal and Laval

Montreal, numbering 21,765 people of Armenian ancestry,[2] is center for two Armenian Apostolic (Orthodox) prelacies governing not just Montreal community but all Armenian Apostolic (Orthodox) communities throughout Canada:

  • Diocese of the Armenian Church of Canada (representing the See of Holy Echmiadzin)
    • Parishes: St. Gregory the Illuminator (in Outremont, Montreal) and Holy Cross Armenian Church (Laval)
  • Armenian Prelacy of Canada (representing the Holy See of Cilicia)
    • Parishes: Sourp Hagop Cathedral (Montreal) and Sourp Kevork Armenian Apostolic Church (Laval)
The Armenian Genocide memorial in Montreal, by artist Francine Larrivée

There is also the Notre Dame de Nareg Armenian Catholic Church (in Ville Saint Laurent suburb of Montreal) and various Armenian Evangelical Churches, most notably the First Armenian Evangelical Church (Montreal) and the Armenian Evangelical Church (Laval).

The Armenian community in Montreal has two full-time Armenian schools, the Sourp Hagop Armenian School and the Armén-Québec Alex Manoogian School. Laval is the home of the Armenian Catholic Ecole Notre-Dame de Nareg School.

Montreal also boasts the publication of two long-running pan-Canadian Armenian weeklies, Abaka that debut in 1975 and Horizon that started in 1979. Both weeklies are in fact trilingual, as in addition to their Armenian-language content, they run English and French special sections as well on a weekly basis. Horizon Weekly also publishes a monthly literary supplement as well as a monthly youth supplement in addition to the annual New Year's edition.

Montreal also has a monument in remembrance of the victims of the genocide. The monument also serves as a memorial to all peoples who are victims of genocide. It is located in Parc Marcelin-Wilson in the Ahuntsic district of Montreal.


Saint Mary Armenian Church in Toronto

The Armenian community in Toronto, with a 2006 population figure of 16,310,[2] is centred in the neighbourhoods of Don Valley Village and Pleasant View in north-central Toronto. The hub of the community is the Armenian Community Centre of Toronto complex at Victoria Park and 401. The center has a school, A.R.S. Armenian School, offering education from kindergarten to high school.

Armenian Apostolic churches include Holy Trinity Armenian Church (Diocese of the See of Holy Echmiadzin) and St. Mary Armenian Apostolic Church (in Willowdale, pertaining to the diocese of the Holy See of Cilicia)

St. Mary Armenian Apostolic Church airs a weekly Armenian radio show every Sunday from 8pm to 11pm on 1690am, named The Voice of Giligia.[6]

Armenian Catholics have their own church St. Gregory the Illuminator in Toronto. Toronto Hye, an Armenian-related periodical is published monthly by the community.


With a small thriving Armenian community of 1,375,[2] Canada's capital city is the home of the St. Mesrob Armenian Apostolic Parish.

Other Ontario regions

Due to the growth of the Armenian community, many have established outside the Greater Toronto Area. Present day communities are present throughout the province in Mississauga, St. Catharines, Hamilton, Windsor and Cambridge, numbering roughly 6,000 Armenians.[2]

Parishes under the diocese of the See of Holy Echmiadzin include St Vartan in Mississauga, St. Gregory the Illuminator in St. Catharines, St. Mary in Hamilton and Holy Resurrection in Windsor. Parishes under the diocese of the Holy See of Cilicia include St. Nishan in Cambridge and St. Paul in St. Catharines.


The community, which had 1,915 people of Armenian ancestry per the results of the 2006 Canada Census,[2] has its own Armenian Apostolic Churches: St Vartan Armenian Church (diocese to the See of Holy Echmiadzin) and St. Greogory the Illuminator (in Richmond, pertaining to the diocese of the Holy See of Cilicia).

Notable Armenian Canadians

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ Pronounced ganatahayer in Western Armenia and kanadahayer in Eastern Armenian
  2. ^ a b c d e f Statistics Canada, 2006 Census, Ethnic Origin (247), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data, 97-562-XCB2006006 [1]
  3. ^ Statistics Canada, 2006 Census, Detailed Mother Tongue (103), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data, 97-555-XCB2006016 [2]
  4. ^ article on "Armenians"Canadian Encyclopedia
  5. ^ Kaprielian, Isabel (Spring–Summer 1982). "Armenian political press and its reading rooms". Polyphony: The Bulletin of the Multicultural History Society of Ontario 4 (1): 30. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  6. ^ the Voice of Giligia

External links


  • Abaka Weekly Newspaper
  • Horizon Weekly Newspaper
  • Armenian Community Centre of Toronto, Ontario
  • Armenian National Committee of Canada
  • Tekeyan Cultural Union - Montreal
  • Audio file about Montreal Armenians, in French

Religious links:

  • Diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church (of the See of Holy Echmiadzin)
  • Armenian Prelacy of Canada (of the Holy See of Cilicia)
  • Armenian Catholic Notre-Dame de Nareg Parish in Montreal
  • St. Gregory the Illumiator Armenian Catholic Church in Toronto
  • First Armenian Evangelical Church of Montreal
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.