World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Architecture of Uttar Pradesh

Article Id: WHEBN0036664471
Reproduction Date:

Title: Architecture of Uttar Pradesh  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Uttar Pradesh, Architecture of India, Raghunathpur, Uttar Pradesh, Economy of Uttar Pradesh, Zafarabad, India
Collection: Buildings and Structures in Uttar Pradesh, Indian Architecture by State, Uttar Pradesh
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Architecture of Uttar Pradesh

Taj Mahal, one of the most famous tourist destinations in Uttar Pradesh and India.

Architecture of Uttar Pradesh has all of Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, Islamic and British features.

Contents

  • Buddhist era 1
  • Hindu monuments 2
  • Islamic 3
    • Sultanates 3.1
    • Mughal 3.2
  • Oudh 4
  • Modern 5
  • Notable buildings 6
  • References 7

Buddhist era

Archeological site at Sarnath (Dhamek stupa is visible in background)

Most of the ancient buildings and structures at Sarnath were damaged or destroyed by the Turks. However, amongst the ruins can be distinguished:

  • The Dhamek Stupa; it is an impressive 128 feet high and 93 feet in diameter.
  • The Dharmarajika Stupa is one of the few pre-Ashokan stupas remaining, although only the foundations remain.
  • The Ashoka Pillar erected here, originally surmounted by the "Lion Capital of Asoka" (presently on display at the Sarnath Museum), was broken during Turk invasions but the base still stands at the original location.
  • The Sarnath Archeological Museum houses the famous Ashokan lion capital, which miraculously survived its 45-foot drop to the ground (from the top of the Ashokan Pillar), and became the National Emblem of India and national symbol on the Indian flag. The museum also houses a famous and refined Buddha-image of the Buddha in Dharmachakra-posture.

For Buddhists, Sarnath (or Isipatana) is one of four pilgrimage sites designated by Gautama Buddha, the other three being Kushinagar, Bodh Gaya, and Lumina.

Hindu monuments

Temple in Barsana, near Mathura, dedicated to the worship of Radha and Krishna.

Famous temples are Kashi Vishwanath Temple in Varanasi and Krishnajanmabhoomi in Mathura.

Islamic

Sultanates

Main pishtaq leading into the iwan of Atala Masjid

Atala Masjid of Jaunpur shows a lot of influences of Hindu architecture. In fact, there is a clear resemblance of Hindu style of architecture, in the entire Masjid. The reason for such similarity is due to the fact that the Atala Masjid is situated on the site of a temple of Atala Devi.[1] Hence the Atala Masjid, Jaunpur also gets its name from this Hindu Temple.

Mughal

Buland Darwaza, the 54 mt. high entrance to Fatehpur Sikri complex

Uttar Pradesh has three World Heritage Sites: Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and the nearby Fatehpur Sikri. Allahabad Fort stands on the banks of the Yamuna near the confluence with the river Ganges. It is the largest fort built by Akbar.

Oudh

Bara Imambara facade, Lucknow India

Lucknow, the capital of the state, has several beautiful historical monuments such as Bara Imambara and Chhota Imambara.[2][3] It has also preserved the damaged complex of the Oudh-period British Resident's quarters, which are being restored.

Modern

NOIDA is a planned city and IT hub

Notable buildings

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.