World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Apollo-class cruiser

Article Id: WHEBN0005621604
Reproduction Date:

Title: Apollo-class cruiser  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pearl-class cruiser, HMS Melampus (1890), Apollo-class cruisers, Astraea class cruiser (1893), HMS Naiad
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Apollo-class cruiser

HMS Spartan
HMS Spartan, pictured in Norwegian waters in 1904
Class overview
Name: Apollo class
Operators:
Preceded by: Pearl class
Succeeded by: Astraea class
Built: 1889–1892
In commission: 1889–1931
Completed: 21
Lost: 5
General characteristics
Type: Protected cruiser
Displacement: 3,600 long tons (3,700 t)
Length: 314 ft (96 m)
Beam: 43 ft 6 in (13.26 m)
Draught: 17 ft 6 in (5.33 m)
Speed: 19.75 knots (22.73 mph; 36.58 km/h)
Complement: 273 to 300 officers and men
Armament:
Right elevation and deck plan as depicted in Brassey's Naval Annual 1897

The Apollo class were a ship class of second-class protected cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the late 19th century that served during the Boer War and the First World War.

Latona, Apollo, Intrepid, Iphigenia, Andromache, Naiad and Thetis were converted into minelaying cruisers around 1907.

Contents

  • Service 1
  • Ships 2
  • Notes 3
  • Publications 4
  • External links 5

Service

Twenty-one of the Apollo class of second-class cruisers were built under the 1889 Naval Defence Act, along with eight to a modified design (the Astraea class).

By the last year of the First World War, the surviving ships were outdated, and six of this class were converted into blockships to be scuttled in the entrances to enemy-occupied ports in Belgium. The cruisers Intrepid, Iphigenia and Thetis were expended on 23 April 1918 in the raid on Zeebrugge; Brilliant and Sirius were unsuccessfully expended in the similar raid on Ostend. A further attempt to block Ostend took place in May, with Sappho and Vindictive (the latter being of the Arrogant class) as blockships, but Sappho broke down en route to Ostend and returned to port.

Ships

Apollo-class cruisers
Name Builder Laid down Launched Completed Fate
Andromache Chatham Dockyard 29 April 1889 14 August 1890 December 1891 Broken up in 1920
Apollo Chatham Dockyard 27 May 1889 10 February 1891 April 1892 Broken up in 1920
Latona Vickers,
Barrow-in-Furness
22 August 1889 22 May 1890 April 1891 Sold in 1920
Melampus Vickers,
Barrow-in-Furness
30 August 1889 2 August 1890 December 1891 Broken up in 1910
Naiad Vickers,
Barrow-in-Furness
3 October 1889 29 November 1890 January 1892 Broken up in 1922
Sappho Samuda Brothers, Poplar 29 October 1889 9 May 1891 February 1893 Broken up in 1921
Scylla Samuda Brothers, Poplar 29 October 1889 17 October 1891 April 1893 Broken up in 1914
Sybille Robert Stephenson, Hebburn 11 October 1889 27 December 1890 May 1894 Wrecked in 1901
Terpsichore J & G Thomson, Clydebank 27 August 1889 30 October 1890 April 1892 Broken up in 1914
Thetis J & G Thomson, Clydebank 29 October 1889 13 December 1890 April 1892 Expended as blockship in 1918
Tribune J & G Thomson, Clydebank 11 December 1889 24 February 1891 May 1892 Broken up in 1911
Aeolus Devonport Dockyard 19 March 1890 13 November 1891 June 1893 Broken up in 1914
Brilliant Sheerness Dockyard 24 March 1890 24 June 1891 April 1893 Expended as blockship in 1918
Indefatigable London & Glasgow 6 September 1889 12 March 1891 April 1892 Broken up in 1913
Intrepid London & Glasgow 6 September 1889 20 June 1891 November 1892 Expended as blockship in 1918
Iphigenia London & Glasgow 17 March 1890 19 November 1891 May 1893 Expended as blockship in 1918
Pique Palmers, Jarrow 30 October 1889 13 December 1890 March 1893 Broken up in 1911
Rainbow Palmers, Jarrow 30 December 1889 25 March 1891 January 1893 1910 to Royal Canadian Navy as HMCS Rainbow. Sold in 1920
Retribution Palmers, Jarrow 31 January 1890 6 August 1891 May 1893 Broken up in 1911
Sirius Armstrong Mitchell, Elswick 7 October 1889 27 October 1890 April 1892 Expended as blockship in 1918
Spartan Armstrong Mitchell, Elswick 16 December 1889 25 February 1891 July 1892 Broken up in 1931
Sources: Conway's 1860–1905, p. 77; Jane's, p. 62

Notes

  1. ^ Scott, Percy (1919). Fifty Years in the Royal Navy. London: John Murray. p. 88. 

Publications

  •  

External links

  • World War 1 Naval Combat
  • History of War


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.