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Volkswagen Golf Mk5

Volkswagen Golf Mk5
Overview
Manufacturer Volkswagen
Also called Volkswagen Rabbit
Production 2003–2009
Assembly Wolfsburg, Germany
Uitenhage, South Africa[1]
Brussels, Belgium
Changchun, China[2]
Jakarta, Indonesia (Garuda Mataram Motor)[3]
Solomonovo, Ukraine (Eurocar)
Body and chassis
Class Compact
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
5-door compact MPV
5-door estate/wagon
Layout Front engine,
front-wheel drive / 4motion four-wheel drive
Platform Volkswagen Group A5 (PQ35) platform
Related Audi A3 Mk2
Audi TT Mk2
Volkswagen Touran
Volkswagen Jetta
Volkswagen Golf Plus
Volkswagen CrossGolf
Volkswagen Eos
Volkswagen Passat
Volkswagen Passat CC
Volkswagen Scirocco
Volkswagen Tiguan
SEAT León Mk2
SEAT Toledo Mk3
SEAT Altea
Škoda Octavia Mk2
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 I4 16v 55 kW (BCA)
1.4 I4 16v 59 kW (BUD)
1.4 I4 16v FSI 66 kW (BKG/BLN)
1.4 I4 16v TSI 90 kW (CAXA)
1.4 I4 16v TSI 103 kW (BMY)
1.4 I4 16v TSI 118 kW (CAVD)
1.4 I4 16v TSI 125 kW (BLG)
1.6 I4 75 kW (BGU/BSE/BSF)
1.6 I4 16v FSI 85 kW (BAG/BLF/BLP)
2.0 I4 16v FSI 110 kW (AXW/BLR/BLX/BVY/BVX)
2.0 I4 16v Turbo FSI 147 kW (AXX/BWA/BPY/CAWB) (GTI)
2.0 I4 16v Turbo FSI 169 kW (BYD) (GTD Ed30)
2.5 I5 20v 110 kW (BGP)
2.5 I5 20v 125 kW (BGQ)
3.2 VR6 24v 184 kW (BUB) (R32)
1.9 I4 TDI 66 kW (BRU/BXF/BXJ)
1.9 I4 TDI 77 kW (BJB/BKC/BXE/BLS)
2.0 I4 SDI 55 kW (BDK)
2.0 I4 TDI 100 kW (AZV)
2.0 I4 TDI 103 kW (BKD/BMM/CBDB)
2.0 I4 TDI 125 kW (BMN)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
6-speed tiptronic automatic
6-speed DSG
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,578 mm (101.5 in)
Length Golf/Rabbit: 4,204 mm (165.5 in)
GTI: 4,216 mm (166.0 in)
R32: 4,246 mm (167.2 in)
Width 1,759 mm (69.3 in)
Height Golf/Rabbit: 1,479 mm (58.2 in)
GTI: 1,469 mm (57.8 in)
R32: 1,465 mm (57.7 in)
Kerb weight 1,323 kg (2,917 lb) to 1,617 kg (3,565 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Volkswagen Golf Mk4
Successor Volkswagen Golf Mk6

The Volkswagen Golf Mk5 (also known as the VW Typ 1K) is a compact car, the fifth generation of the Volkswagen Golf and the successor to the Volkswagen Golf Mk4. Built on the Volkswagen Group A5 (PQ35) platform, it was unveiled at the Frankfurt Motor Show in October 2003 and went on sale in Europe one month later. It reached North American markets in June 2006 rebadged with the revived Rabbit nameplate.[4]

The Golf Mk5 was replaced in 2009 by the Mk6.

Contents

  • Features 1
    • Design 1.1
    • Powertrain 1.2
      • Options in US and Canada 1.2.1
  • Models 2
    • Mk5 Jetta 2.1
    • Volkswagen Eos 2.2
    • Mk5 Golf Wagon/Variant 2.3
    • Golf Plus 2.4
  • Performance models 3
    • Mk5 GT 3.1
    • Mk5 GTI 3.2
    • Mk5 R32 3.3
  • Special editions 4
    • GTI Edition 30 4.1
    • Fahrenheit Edition 4.2
    • Speed Edition 4.3
    • Pirelli Edition 4.4
    • GTI W12-650 4.5
  • Concepts 5
    • TDI Hybrid 5.1
    • Twin Drive 5.2
  • Engine choices 6
  • Safety 7
  • Motorsport 8
  • Notes 9
  • Awards 10
  • See also 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

Features

Design

Suspension changes and careful tuning of the chassis, led to the Mk5 Golf delivering better ride and handling. However, this sacrificed usable cargo space despite this model's considerable increase in size over the outgoing model. Its hatch volume is roughly 3 cubic feet (85 L) less.

Volkswagen Rabbit 3-door (US)

The interior quality of the previous generation had been lost, and although still of a high standard and ahead of rivals, the Golf no longer matched the in-house Audi A3.

The Golf Mk5 proved expensive to build - largely due to its long 50-hour build time.

Its replacement, the Mk6, was moved forward from the previously stated 2009 in Europe to the autumn of 2008, right after its official premiere at the Paris Motor Show in September 2008.

Powertrain

Options for engines and transmissions vary from country to country, but the Golf Mk5 is available with 4-cylinder petrol engines, and a new Pumpe Duse unit injector Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) diesel engine. Transmission options include manual, automatic, Tiptronic, and Direct-Shift Gearbox (DSG).

The GTI comes with VW's 4-cylinder 2.0L Turbo Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) which makes 200 PS (147 kW; 197 bhp) and 280 N·m (207 lbf·ft) torque. Transmissions include a 6-speed manual or 6-speed DSG.

Volkswagen Golf 5-door (Australia)

In September 2005, the Golf Mk5 GT was announced, which featured a choice of either 1.4 L petrol engine in twincharger (TSI) configuration, or a 2.0 litre TDI. Both are available as 125 kW (170 PS; 168 bhp) versions; while the diesel also is available as a 140 PS (103 kW; 138 bhp) variant in the UK. The 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) diesel has 350 N·m (258 lbf·ft) of torque, which is more than the range topping R32.

The new Twincharger (TSI) petrol engine uses Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI), along with a pair of chargers forcing the induction of the air. The chargers are a single supercharger that disengages after a specified rev-range, at which point charging of the air is handled by a single turbocharger. This system benefits from the pumping efficiency of the supercharger at lower revs and the fuel efficiency of the turbocharger at high revs. This results in more constant power delivery through the rev range, and better fuel efficiency. Both petrol and diesel versions are also available with DSG (Direct-Shift Gearbox). Performance figures for the petrol vehicle are 0-100 km/h (62 mph) in 6.9s (6 speed) and 6.9s (DSG), with the diesel taking 8.2s, and both reaching top speed of 220 km/h (136.7 mph).

Options in US and Canada

United States and Canada-spec Rabbits use the same 2.5L five-cylinder gasoline engine that powers the Jetta and New Beetle in these markets, making 150 hp (110 kW) and 170 lb·ft (230 N·m) in 2006-2007 models, and 170 hp (130 kW) and 177 lb·ft (240 N·m) from 2008 onward. North American transmission choices include a 5-speed manual or 6-speed automatic with Tiptronic for the Rabbit. Diesel engines have been unavailable on Rabbits, though they were offered through 2006 on the Jetta until tightening emissions regulations in the U.S. led to their temporary unavailability.

Volkswagen has no plans to sell the GT version in the US or Canada.

Models

Mk5 Jetta

A booted/trunked version of the Mk5 Golf was spawned in 2004 and, as with previous incarnations of the Golf, it maintained its own identity, a practice long abandoned by most rivals. While the Jetta name has always remained in North America, the name made a return to Europe replacing the "Bora" name of the previous Mk4 Golf saloon. The Jetta name was also introduced to Australia with the Mk5, the Mk4 Bora being a slow seller there.

As with its predecessor the Mk5 Jetta features unique front wings, front doors and rear doors, so the only external panel shared with the Golf hatchback is the bonnet. As with all Golf-based saloons, the Jetta features a unique chrome grille, similar but not shared with the contemporary Golf R32 (which is finished in a brushed alluminium look). On the other hand, the GLI variant has the Golf GTI's front end. Unlike all previous saloon variants however, the front lights were now shared with the Golf.

Because of the preference for sedans in the US market, the Jetta outsells the Golf by a ratio of 4 to 1.[5]

Volkswagen Eos

There was no Cabriolet (convertible) version of the Golf Mk5, as the Volkswagen Eos coupé convertible (introduced in Spring 2006) was marketed as a separate model, and the New Beetle convertible makes a Golf Cabrio redundant. The Eos does not share body panels with any other Volkswagen model, although it is based on the A5 Golf/Jetta platform.

Mk5 Golf Wagon/Variant

Volkswagen Golf Variant

The fifth generation of the Golf Variant, a Golf estate car/wagon, was presented in a world premiere at the International Geneva Motor Show (8–18 March 2007). It was sold in the North American markets as the Jetta Sportwagen. It was facelifted in late 2009, with changes including the front clip and interior from the sixth generation Golf. As a result, it was renamed the Golf Wagon and Variant in the Canadian and Mexican market.

Golf Plus

In December 2004, Volkswagen announced the Golf Plus variant of the Golf Mk5. It is 95 mm (3.74 in) taller than the standard Golf, and 150 mm (5.91 in) shorter than the other compact MPV of the marque, the seven-seater Volkswagen Touran.[6]

At the 2006 Paris Motor Show Volkswagen released the CrossGolf version, which is essentially an off-road version of the Golf Plus, crossover-style body elements. It was developed by the Volkswagen Individual division, which also developed the Golf R32 and the CrossPolo. The CrossGolf is only available in front-wheel drive configuration (like the CrossPolo), and is powered by two petrol engines, 1.6 and 1.4 TSI, and two diesel engines, 1.9 TDI and 2.0 TDI, with outputs ranging from 102 PS (75 kW; 101 bhp) to 140 PS (103 kW; 138 bhp). In the UK this model is badged as "Golf Plus Dune" and sold with the 1.9 TDI outputting 105 PS (77 kW; 104 bhp).[6]

In December 2008, the facelifted version was revealed at the Bologna Motor Show,[7] featuring a revised front end, more similar to the Volkswagen Golf Mk6, but retaining a largely similar design of the rear end and the interior.[6]


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