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Valerio Massimo Manfredi

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Subject: The Last Legion, Volterra, Legio IX Hispana, Fiction set in ancient Greece, List of historical novels
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Valerio Massimo Manfredi

Valerio Massimo Manfredi
Born (1943-03-08) 8 March 1943
Castelfranco Emilia, province of Modena, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Occupation Writer, essayist, historian, archaeologist, journalist
Nationality  Italy
Period 1980–present
Genre Historical drama
Notable works Alexander trilogy
Spouse Christine Fedderson Manfredi

Literature portal

Valerio Massimo Manfredi (born 8 March 1943) is an Italian historian, writer, essayist, archaeologist and journalist.


  • Biography 1
  • Bibliography 2
    • Novels 2.1
    • Essays 2.2
    • Collaborations 2.3
  • Filmography 3
    • Movies based on his books 3.1
    • Screenplays 3.2
    • Actor 3.3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


He was born in Piumazzo di Castelfranco Emilia province of Modena and, after getting a degree in Classical Arts at the University of Bologna, he became an archaeologist at the Catholic University of Milan, specialising in the topography of the Ancient World.[1]

At the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore itself, he taught from 1980 to 1986, then moved on to an academic career at the Università of Venice (1987) and then at the Loyola University of Chicago, the Sorbonne University in Paris and the Bocconi University in Milan. However, due to his numerous commitments, both national and international, he can no longer lecture full-time, but he holds a visiting professor role.[1]

Between the '70s and the '80s, he has undertaken the "Anabasis" expeditions for the reconstruction of the itinarary of the Ten Thousand's retreat. This expedition covered a total of 18,000 km, with 2,000 photographs being taken. He undertook and led numerous other expeditions, such as: Lavinium, Forum Gallorum and Forte Urbano in Italy, Túcume (Peru), Har Karkom and others overseas.[1]

He has also held a series of conferences and seminars at the University of Oxford, University of California, National University of Canberra, Universidad de Antiochia, Universidad de Bilbao, Universidad Internacional Menendez Pelayo in Tenerfide and many others.[1]

He has published many academic essays and articles and he has written several best-selling novels (amounting to a total of about 8 million copies sold worldwide). He also writes on many newspapers and magazines as a scientific journalist both in Italy (e.g., "Il Messaggero", "Panorama", "Archeo", "Focus") and in Spain (Spanish edition of "Focus" and "El Mundo").[1]

His works have also been subject of awards, such as the "Man of the Year" in 1999 at the American Biographical Institute in North Carolina, "Corrado Alvaro Rhegium Julii" in 2003, "Hemingway" in 2004 and "Bancarella" in 2008.[1]

His novel The Last Legion was the basis for the movie of the same title, released in 2007 and starring Colin Firth, Ben Kingsley and others; his Alexander Trilogy has been bought by Universal Pictures for yet another cinematic rendition of the story of Alexander the Great.[1] He has also written the screenplays for Marco d'Aviano and Gilgamesh and he has adapted Le Memorie di Adriano for cinema screening. Furthermore, he has hosted the television series Stargate – linea di confine for three seasons already on the Italian TV channel LA7 and he will also host Impero (Empire) on the very same channel.



  • 1985 – Palladion ^
  • 1988 – Spartan (Lo scudo di Talos)
  • 1990 – The Oracle (L'oracolo)
  • 1994 – Heroes, earlier titled Talisman of Troy (Le paludi di Hesperia)
  • 1996 – The Tower (La torre della solitudine)
  • 1998 – The Alexander Trilogy (Trilogia di Aléxandros)
  1. Child of a Dream (Il figlio del sogno)
  2. The Sands of Ammon (Le sabbie di Amon)
  3. The Ends of the Earth (Il confine del mondo)
  • 1998 – Pharaoh (Il faraone delle sabbie)
  • 2001 – Chimaira ^
  • 2002 – I cento cavalieri (Short story collection) ^
  • 2002 – The Last Legion (L'ultima legione)
  • 2003 – Tyrant (Il Tiranno)
  • 2003 – L'isola dei morti
  • 2005 – Empire of Dragons (L'impero dei draghi)
  • 2007 – The Lost Army (L'armata perduta)
  • 2008 – The Ides of March (Idi di marzo)
  • 2010 – The Ancient Curse (L'antica maledizione)
  • 2011 – A Winter's Night (Otel Bruni)
  • 2013 – Odysseus: The Oath
  • 2014 - Odysseus: The Return


  • 1994 – Greek Sea (Mare Greco. Eroi ed esploratori del mondo antico)
  • 1999 – The Celts in Italy (I Celti in Italia)
  • 2000 – Akropolis
  • 2000 – The Western Greeks (I Greci d'occidente)
  • 2003 – The Etruscans in the Pó Valley (Gli Etruschi in Val Padana)
  • 2009 – La Tomba di Alessandro


  • 1999 – Vignola 1575 – Un oscuro delitto (with Omar Calabrese) ^

^ = Not published in the UK.


Movies based on his books



  • 2001 – Vajont – La Diga del Disonore


  1. ^ a b c d e f g

External links

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