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Swedish general election, 1994

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Swedish general election, 1994

Swedish general election, 1994

18 September 1994

All 349 seats to the Riksdag
175 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Olof Johansson
Leader Ingvar Carlsson Carl Bildt Olof Johansson
Party Social Democratic Moderate Centre
Last election 138 80 31
Seats won 161 80 27
Seat change 23 0 4
Popular vote 2,513,905 1,243,253 425,153
Percentage 45.3% 22.4% 7.7%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Bengt Westerberg Gudrun Schyman
Leader Bengt Westerberg Gudrun Schyman Marianne Samuelsson
Birger Schlaug
Party Liberal People's Left Green
Last election 33 16 0
Seats won 26 22 18
Seat change 7 6 18
Popular vote 399,556 342,988 279,042
Percentage 7.2% 6.2% 5.0%

  Seventh party Eighth party
Leader Alf Svensson Vivianne Franzén
Party Christian Democrats New Democracy
Last election 26 24
Seats won 15 0
Seat change 11 24
Popular vote 225,974 68,663
Percentage 4.1% 1.2%

PM before election

Carl Bildt

Elected PM

Ingvar Carlsson
Social Democratic

General elections were held in Sweden on 18 September 1994.[1] The Swedish Social Democratic Party remained the largest party in the Riksdag, winning 161 of the 349 seats.[2] Led by Ingvar Carlsson, the party returned to power and formed a minority government after the election. The Greens also returned to the Riksdag after a three-year absence. The Moderates slightly improved on their 1991 performance, but the Center Party, the Liberals and the Christian Democrats all fared poorly, the latter barely holding on to their parliamentary representation. New Democracy, a populist political party which had entered the Riksdag three years earlier, performed poorly, losing most of its voters and all of its seats in the Riksdag. In total the party's vote share dropped from 6.7% in 1991 to 1.2% in 1994. The election introduced an extended electoral cycle of four years, replacing the previous three-year terms. It was also notable for being the first electoral event in the world whose official results were published live on the nascent World Wide Web (other countries had previously used the then-fledging Internet to officially broadcast election results, but with simpler methods such as e-mail lists).[3]


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Swedish Social Democratic Party 2,513,905 45.3 161 +23
Moderate Party 1,243,253 22.4 80 0
Centre Party 425,153 7.7 27 –4
Liberal People's Party 399,556 7.2 26 –7
Left Party 342,988 6.2 22 +6
Green Party 279,042 5.0 18 +18
Christian Democratic Society Party 225,974 4.1 15 –11
New Democracy 68,663 1.2 0 –25
Other parties 57,006 1.0 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 84,853
Total 5,640,393 100 349 0
Registered voters/turnout 6,496,120 86.8
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

By municipality


  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1858 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1873
  3. ^ General aspects of Sweden's electoral system
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