The School Struggle or Schoolstrijd is a historical conflict in the Netherlands between 1848 and 1917 over the equalization of public financing for religious schools. The Protestant and Catholic parties, the ARP and CHU and the Algemeene Bond respectively, wanted their religious schools to receive financing equal to that received by public schools; while maintaining their freedom in for example curriculum policy, teacher appointments etc. that came with their religious tradition. Liberals tried to protect the privileged financial position of public schools. The conflict lasted from 1801 to 1920, when it was resolved in the pacificatie. The Dutch solution was the Separation of School and State by funding all schools equally, both public and private,[1] which is enshrined in article 23 of the Dutch constitution.


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