World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Pierre Claude Pajol

Article Id: WHEBN0002515257
Reproduction Date:

Title: Pierre Claude Pajol  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Counts of the First French Empire, Nicolas Oudinot, People from Besançon, Military leaders of the French Revolutionary Wars, French commanders of the Napoleonic Wars
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Pierre Claude Pajol

Claude Pierre Pajol
Claude Pierre Pajol
Born 10 May 1775 (1775-05-10)
Aups, France
Died Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter. (aged 68)
Paris, France
Allegiance First French Republic, First French Empire
Service/branch Cavalry
Years of service 1789–1815
Rank général de division

Claude-Pierre, Comte de Pajol (3 February 1772 – 20 March 1844), was a French cavalry general and military commander during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and political figure.

Early life and career

Born in Besançon, as the son of a lawyer, he was intended to follow his father's profession, but the events of 1789 turned his mind in another direction. Joining the battalion of Besançon, he took part in the political events of that year, and in 1791 went to the French Revolutionary Army of the Upper Rhine with a volunteer battalion.[1]

He took part in the campaign of 1792 and was one of the stormers at Hochheim (1793). From the Count of Custine's staff he was transferred to that of Jean Baptiste Kléber, with whom he took part in the Sambre and Rhine Campaigns (1794–96). After serving with Louis Lazare Hoche and André Masséna in Germany and Switzerland (1797–99), Pajol took a cavalry command under Jean Victor Marie Moreau for the campaign on the upper Rhine.[1]

First Empire

In the short years of peace Pajol, now colonel, was successively envoy to the Batavian Republic, and delegate at Napoleon I's coronation (the start of the First French Empire). In 1805, the emperor employed him with the light cavalry. He distinguished himself at the battle of Austerlitz, and, after serving for a short time in the Italian Peninsula, he rejoined the Grande Armée as a general of brigade, in time to take part in the campaign of Friedland. The next year (1808) he was made a Baron d’Empire.[1]

In 1809 he served on the Danube, and in the Russian War of 1812 led a division, and afterwards a corps, of cavalry. He survived retreat, but his health was so broken that he retired to his native town of Besançon for a time. He was back again in active service, however, in time to be present at the battle of Dresden, in which he played a conspicuous part. Again wounded in the battle of Leipzig, Pajol was created a count of the Empire on 25 November 1813.[1]

In 1814 he fought in the Six Days Campaign, commanding a corps of all arms in the Seine Valley. On the fall of Napoleon, Pajol gave in his adhesion to the Restoration government, but he rejoined the Emperor immediately upon his return to France. The Ist corps of cavalry under his leadership played a prominent part in the campaign of 1815, both at Ligny and in the advance on Wavre under the Marquis de Grouchy. On receiving the news of the battle of Waterloo, Pajol disengaged his command, and skillfully retreated to refuge in Paris. There he and his men played an active part in the actions which ended the war.[1]

Later life

The Bourbons, on their return, dismissed him, although this treatment was not,

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.