World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Pana Sankranti

Article Id: WHEBN0029302415
Reproduction Date:

Title: Pana Sankranti  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Savitri Brata, Sree Narayana Guru Samadhi, Dhanurmas, Hindu Punjabi Festivals, Akaal bodhan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Pana Sankranti

Pana Sankranti
Also called Maha Vishuva Sankranti
Observed by Oriya people
Significance New Year as per the traditional Sidereal astrology
Celebrations Meru Yatra, Jhaamu Yatra, Chadak Parva
Observances Pujas, processions, enjoying chhatua and Bel Pana

Pana Sankranti (Oriya: ପଣା ସଂକ୍ରାନ୍ତି), (Hindi: पणा संक्रांति) or Maha Vishuva Sankranti (Sanskrit:Maha Vishuva Sankramana), also known as Mesha Sankranti, is celebrated as the Oriya New Year.[1][2][3][4]

The day marks the beginning of the New Year in the traditional Hindu Solar Calendar. On this day the sun enters the sidereal Aries or Mesha Rashi. It generally falls on 14/15 April. The spring season is at its zenith during this period, and the summer is approaching. The date is calculated as per Sidereal astrology.

Maha Vishuva Sankranti is similar to the New Year festivals observed elsewhere in India such as Baisakhi (Punjab), Bihu (Assam), Juir Sheetal (Mithila), Naba Barsha (Bengal), Bisu Parba (Tulu Nadu region in Karnataka), Vishu (Kerala), and Puthandu (Tamil Nadu).[5]

Astrological basis

There are specific reasons as to why the Vishuva Sankranti is considered as the first day of the solar year. On only two occasions around year, Mesha Sankramana and Tula Sankramana, the Sun fully rests on the equator. On these two dates, the length of days and nights are equal. But in case of a sidereal zodiac, as used in Indian solar calendars, it has no connection with the equinoxes. Hence, the length of the Indian sidereal calendars is longer than the actual tropical solar year. The odia sidereal month of Mesha starts from this day.

Difference from lunar calendar

Although people of Odisha calculate the month from the next day of Purnima to Purnima, as per the North Indian Purnimanta system, the yearly cycle of the moon is less than 365 days of earth's rotation, and some years also contain Adhika Maasa. Therefore, the new year is calculated from the day of Mesha Sankramana to fix a particular day. The Oriya New Year is calculated from the day of Sankramana, whereas the neighbouring state of Bengal celebrates Pohela Boishakh on the next day of Sankramana.


basundhara theki(a small pot) in Maha Vishuva Sankranti

On this particular day, a small pot filled with pana or a sweet drink of Mishri and water is hung on a basil (Tulsi) plant. There is a hole at the bottom of this pot which allows the water to fall from the pot, representing rain. The flour of horse gram chhatua, along with banana and curd, is consumed by the people of Odisha after offering it to the Tulsi plant.[6] Special offerings are made to Shalagram, Shivalinga, Hanuman, and other deities. The devi temples of Adi Shakti Tara Tarini (Sthana Pitha) near Berhampur city in Ganjam Cuttack Chandi, Biraja, Samaleswari temple and Sarala become crowded, which is called Jhaamu Yatra. In Northern Odisha it is called Chadak Parva. In Southern Odisha the day is celebrated as the end of month-long Danda nata, and the final ceremony is known as Meru Yatra. Like famous Tuesdays in the Month of Chaitra lakhs of devotees gather at Tara Tarini Adi Shakti Pitha on this day because this is one of the auspicious days during the famous Chaitra Yatra at the Shrine. People all over the state worship Hanuman on this day and celebrate it as his birthday. People enjoy chhatua and Bel Pana with great pleasure.

Main festival

The Worshiped deity, Kali in Danda Nacha celebrated in Odisha

Danda Nacha or Danda Nata of Odisha is a tribal way of welcoming the New Year which begins with the month of Vaishakh also known as the Danda Jatra, happens to be one amongst the most ancient form of histrionic arts of the state. The opening ritual of Danda nacha begins in the middle of Chaitra (March–April.[7] Danda Nacha is dedicated to Goddess Kali.[8] This is one kind of group spiritual event or festival invokes the blessings of Goddess Kali and Lord Shiva. People believe that participate in Danda Nacha means reduce sin and bad period in life and harvest happiness and peace in life. Danda Nacha goes pretty for 13 days. At end of 13 day, the day is called Meru Sankranti or Pana Sankranti in Odisha.[4][9] The participants in Danda Nacha are undergone rigorous difficult training phase in these 13 days and become full vegetarian i. e. they avoid eating meat, fish, onion and garlic or accepted only vegetarian (fast) food during this period.

Related holidays in other cultures

It coincides with the New Years in many other Southern Asian calendars, including:

See also


  1. ^ Nab Kishore Behura (1978). Peasant potters of Orissa: a sociological study. Visuba Sankranti in Odisha. Sterling. p. 252. Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  2. ^ Maha Vishuba Sankranti Odisha celebrates Maha Vishuba Sankranti with Fervor
  3. ^ Classic Cooking of Orissa. Danda Nata. Allied Publishers. pp. 26–.  
  4. ^ a b Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (1995). Prakr̥ti: Primal elements, the oral tradition. Meru Day, Meru Sankranti. Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts. p. 172.  
  5. ^ Kalyan Kumar Dasgupta; P. K. Mishra (1996). Aspects of Indian history and historiography: Professor Kalyan Kumar Dasgupta felicitation volume. World wise vishuba sankranti. Kaveri Books. p. 111.  
  6. ^ Odia new year. Hindu-blog. com (2007-06-06). Retrieved on 2011-11-10.
  7. ^ "Danda Nacha". 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2012. Danda Nacha 
  8. ^ Āśutosha Bhaṭṭācārya (1977). The sun and the serpent lore of Bengal. "Visuba Sankaratni and "Meru Sankranti" are same. Firma KLM. p. 80. Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  9. ^ Meru Sankranti at end of Danda Nata

Further reading

  • Robert Sewell (15 March 2010). The Indian Calendar – With Tables for the Conversion of Hindu and Muhammadan Into A. D. Dates, and Vice Versa. Read Books Design. pp. 149–.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.