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Padmé Amidala

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Padmé Amidala

Padmé Amidala
Star Wars character
Portrayed by Natalie Portman (Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones and Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith)
Voiced by Catherine Taber (Star Wars: The Clone Wars (film and TV series), Star Wars: The Clone Wars – Jedi Alliance and Star Wars: The Clone Wars - Republic Heroes)
Grey DeLisle (Star Wars: Clone Wars, Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, Star Wars Episode I: Jedi Power Battles, Star Wars: Galactic Battlegrounds, Star Wars: Super Bombad Racing and Star Wars: The Clone Wars)
Fictional profile
Species Human
Gender Female
Position Princess of Theed
Queen of Naboo
Senator of the Chommell Sector and Naboo
Homeworld Naboo
Affiliation Galactic Senate, Galactic Republic

Padmé Amidala (born Padmé Naberrie) is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe, appearing in the prequel trilogy portrayed by actress Natalie Portman. She is the secret wife of Anakin Skywalker and the mother of Luke Skywalker and Princess Leia Organa.


Original trilogy

Episode VI: Return of the Jedi

Prequel trilogy

Episode I: The Phantom Menace

Padmé Amidala makes her first film appearance in Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. She is introduced as the recently elected 14-year-old queen of Naboo, who is dedicated to ending the planet's occupation by the Trade Federation. She attempts to deal directly with Federation Viceroy Nute Gunray but he tries to have her assassinated. Although Sith Lord Darth Maul was on the hunt, Padmé escapes with the help of Jedi Master Qui-Gon Jinn and Padawan Obi-Wan Kenobi but they are forced to land on the desert planet of Tatooine. Disguised as a handmaiden, Padmé meets nine-year-old slave Anakin Skywalker and his mother Shmi Skywalker. Anakin gives her a hand-carved charm on a leather necklace. She witnesses Anakin win his first Podrace at the Boonta Eve Classic, where he secures his freedom.

Arriving on Coruscant, Padmé consults with Senator Palpatine, who encourages her to appeal to the Senate to resolve Naboo's dispute with the Trade Federation. He persuades her to make a motion in the Senate to have Supreme Chancellor Valorum removed from office, with Palpatine later elected in his place. Padmé returns to Naboo to fight for her planet's freedom, enlisting the aid of Jar Jar Binks's Gungan warriors and having the handmaiden Sabé pose as her. As Sabé attempts a peace deal between Naboo and the Gungans, Padmé intervenes and reveals her true identity. The Gungans agree to help and offer a diversion to lure the droid armies away from the palace. Once in the palace, Padmé's forces storm the throne room and capture the viceroy, ending the trade blockades of Naboo once and for all. A celebration is held to announce the unity between Naboo and the Gungans.

Episode II: Attack of the Clones

Padmé Amidala makes her second film appearance in Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones, set a decade later. Now holding office as Senator following her term as queen, she represents Naboo in the Galactic Senate and leads a faction opposed to the Military Creation Act that would create an army of clones for the Republic, which has been threatened by a growing Separatist movement. As she arrives on Coruscant to cast her vote, assassins hired by the Trade Federation make an unsuccessful attempt on her life. Jedi Knight Obi-Wan Kenobi and Padawan Anakin Skywalker are assigned to protect her. Chancellor Palpatine sends Padmé into hiding on Naboo, where she and Anakin struggle to maintain a platonic relationship despite their obvious mutual attraction. In a deleted scene, she introduces Anakin to her parents (Ruwee Naberrie and Jobal Naberrie) and informs him of her charitable work with the Refugee Relief Movement, a galaxy-wide disaster relief and resettlement organization.

When Anakin has a vision of his mother in danger, Padmé accompanies him to Tatooine in a failed attempt to rescue her from a band of Tusken Raiders. Anakin returns with his mother's body and tearfully confesses to Padmé that he slaughtered the entire tribe. Padmé is troubled by what Anakin has done, but nevertheless comforts him. After they receive a message from Obi-Wan on the planet Geonosis, Padmé and Anakin rush to the Jedi Knight's aid, only to be captured themselves and condemned to death in a Geonosian coliseum by Separatist leader and Sith Lord Count Dooku (Darth Tyranus). They declare their love to each other and are saved at the last minute by Jedi Masters Mace Windu and Yoda leading an army of Jedi and clone troopers, thus marking the opening salvo of the Clone Wars. Afterwards, Padmé and Anakin are married in a secret ceremony on Naboo witnessed by the droids R2-D2 and C-3PO.

Episode III: Revenge of the Sith

Padmé Amidala makes her third film appearance in Mon Mothma and Bana Breemu. Meanwhile, Padmé detects changes in Anakin after his dreams about her dying in childbirth. Although she is dismissive of her husband's visions, Anakin's fear of losing Padmé leads to his conversion to the dark side of the Force when Palpatine promises Anakin the power to prevent his wife's death.

As Palpatine declares Darth Vader and killed everyone in the Jedi Temple. Refusing to believe this, Padmé travels to the volcanic planet Mustafar (with Obi-Wan stowing himself on board her ship). Padmé confronts and begs Vader to escape Palpatine's grasp and flee with her. When Vader instead plans to overthrow Palpatine so they can rule the galaxy together, Padmé recoils in horror but still tries to persuade Vader to come back. When Obi-Wan emerges from her ship, Vader accuses Padmé of betraying him and uses the Force to choke her into unconsciousness.

After Obi-Wan defeats Vader in a Alderaan to be raised as a princess, while Luke is brought to Tatooine to be raised by Anakin's step-family (Owen Lars and Beru Lars).


Star Wars: Clone Wars

Padmé Amidala appears in eight chapters of the Star Wars: Clone Wars micro-series that aired on Cartoon Network from 2003 to 2005. She is secluded on Coruscant and maintains a correspondence when Anakin Skywalker is fighting in the Clone Wars. In one chapter, Padmé travels with Yoda aboard her ship when he senses a disturbance in the Force coming from the ice planet Ilum. Despite Captain Typho's protest, she accompanies Yoda and helps rescue Jedi Master Luminara Unduli and Padawan Barriss Offee. In another chapter, she is thrilled by Anakin's graduation from Padawan to Jedi Knight. In the final chapter, she is briefly seen during General Grievous's assault on Coruscant.

Star Wars: The Clone Wars

Padmé Amidala makes her fourth film appearance on Star Wars: The Clone Wars. While Anakin Skywalker and Padawan Ahsoka Tano search for Rotta (Jabba's son) on Teth, Padmé meets Ziro the Hutt (Jabba's uncle) at his palace on Coruscant to convince Ziro to side with the Jedi and let her contact Jabba the Hutt as he incorrectly believes the Republic had orchestrated Rotta's kidnapping and subsequently executed him. After Ziro forcibly removed Padmé, she escapes and eavesdrops on Ziro's communication with Count Dooku and the Separatists about an elaborate scheme to kidnap Jabba's son, frame the Jedi for his murder and force Jabba to attempt revenge, leaving Ziro as the Hutts' ruler. After being discovered, Dooku suggests Ziro collect the bounty placed on her head . When battle droids confiscate Padmé's comlink and blaster, she outwits and tricks one into activating her comlink as C-3PO is attempting to contact her before a droid smashes the device. When Ziro plans to have her disposed of in an 'accident', C-3PO leads a squad of Coruscant Guard troopers to rescue her and captures Ziro. Padmé then contacts Jabba just as the Hutt is about to execute Anakin and Ahsoka for 'kidnapping' Rotta. Padmé forces Ziro to confess his betrayal to Jabba. With Anakin and Ahsoka saved, Padmé proceeds to negotiate an alliance between the Republic and the Hutts which would allow Republic warships to use unknown Hutt hyperspace lanes, an advantage the Separatists did not have.

In the subsequent TV series, Padmé is mostly portrayed working in the Senate working toward a peaceful resolution to the Clone Wars, although a few episodes have portrayed her fighting the Separatists alongside Anakin, Ahsoka and Jar Jar Binks. She has appeared in seven episodes in the first season and third season, four episodes in the second season, nine episodes in the fourth season, and one episode in the fifth season. A trilogy of episodes were set with her as the main focus in which she meets with her old friend Rush Clovis; these episode were later removed, however, and set to be bonus material.


Padmé's background prior to her appearance in the prequel films is revealed in Star Wars novels and comics. In Terry Moore's comic "A Summer's Dream" printed in Star Wars Tales 5 (2000) and set a year before the events of The Phantom Menace, Padmé is the Princess of Theed, Naboo's capital city. A young man, Ian Lago, falls in love with Padmé, but she places her duty to the people over her personal happiness and rejects him. Lago is the son of an advisor to King Veruna, the reigning monarch of Naboo.[1][2]

In the novel Cloak of Deception (2001) by James Luceno, King Veruna is forced to abdicate the throne following accusations of corruption. Padmé is elected Queen of Naboo and contacts Palpatine to inform him that Veruna has been mysteriously killed. She and Palpatine discuss the events that lead to the Trade Federation blockade of Naboo. She admits to him, "Naboo can scarcely afford to become embroiled in a dispute that pits the Republic against the Trade Federation."[3]

Star Wars literature focuses on Padmé's career as ruling monarch of Naboo. The young adult novel Star Wars Episode I Journal: Amidala (1999) by Jude Watson focuses on Padmé Amidala's early career as and narrow escape from the Trade Federation.[4] The Queen's Amulet (1999) by Julianne Balmain narrates the close friendship between Padmé and her handmaiden Sabé immediately before the events of The Phantom Menace.[5] Erik Tiemens's comic "The Artist of Naboo" details the story of a young, unnamed artist on Naboo who becomes captivated by Padmé's beauty. The artist features her in a series of paintings and later risks his life to save her.[6]

Padmé's role in the Delegation of 2000 – the senatorial resistance movement to Palpatine's growing absolutism – is discussed in [7]

The novelizations of the Star Wars prequel films introduced material about Padmé Amidala that was not included in the films. Terry Brooks' Phantom Menace (1999) includes a discussion between Qui-Gonn Jinn and Obi-Wan Kenobi. Qui-Gonn describes the then-queen of Naboo as "something of an unknown" before the Trade Federation blockade.[8] In the Attack of the Clones (2002) adaptation by R. A. Salvatore, there is a detailed conversation between Padmé and her sister Sola Naberrie shortly after Jamillia appoints her senator. Sola chides her for ignoring her personal life: "What about Padmé Amidala? Have you even thought about what might make your life better?"[9] Matthew Stover's Revenge of the Sith (2005) elaborates upon Padmé's role in the formation of the Rebel Alliance. Stover narrates Darth Vader's reaction to the death of his wife: Vader thinks to himself, "You killed her because, finally, when you could have saved her, when you could have gone away with her, when you could have been thinking about her, you were thinking about yourself ..."[10]

Padmé appears in novels and comics set after the events of the original trilogy as holograms and flashbacks. In Troy Denning's The Joiner King (2005), book one of the Dark Nest Trilogy and set 35 years after the events of A New Hope, Luke Skywalker discovers a 54-year-old hologram recorded by R2-D2. The image is of Anakin Skywalker informing Padmé of his vision of her death in childbirth. This is the first time Luke sees his mother.[11] Another hologram discovered in R2-D2 chronicles a conversation between Padmé and Obi-Wan. Luke and Leia hear their mother's name for the first time and it "shot an electric bolt of excitement through" them.[12] In the final novel of the trilogy, The Swarm War, Luke and Leia see their mother's death and their own births.[13]


Character creation

Padmé Amidala cosplay at Japan Expo 2012 in France
In initial drafts of the Star Wars story, Luke Skywalker's and Princess Leia's mother was not well developed. According to Dale Pollock, Luke Skywalker was originally Luke Starkiller and "Leia is the daughter of Owen Lars and his wife Beru and seems to be Luke's cousin – together they visit the grave of his mother, who perished with his father on a planet destroyed by the Death Star.[14] In an interview, Lucas answered a question about the development of characters like Obi-Wan Kenobi, Luke, and Leia; their mother was not a factor: Film historian Laurent Bouzereau reports that the second draft of the Return of the Jedi screenplay contained dialogue where Obi-Wan Kenobi explains to Luke that he has a twin sister. She and their mother were "sent to the protection of friends in a distant system. The mother died shortly thereafter, and Luke's sister was adopted by Ben's friends, the governor of Alderaan and his wife."[16] Lucas is quoted in Star Wars: The Annotated Scripts (1997) as saying:

Revenge of the Sith does not explain how Leia remembers her "real mother." Film critic Peter Travers of Rolling Stone applauds Lucas's attempt to link the two trilogies in Revenge of the Sith's final scenes, but says, "It's too little and too late." He explains, "To hail Revenge of the Sith as a satisfying bridge to a classic is not just playing a game of the Emperor's New Clothes, it's an insult to what the original accomplished."[18]

When Lucas drafted the script for The Phantom Menace, he envisioned a "link between Padmé and Princess Leia, the daughter who follows so closely in her footsteps."[19] According to Natalie Portman, "It definitely did come into play how strong and smart a character Carrie Fisher portrayed, because I think that a lot of that is passed on from parent to child. I think George wrote Amidala as a strong, smart character, but it helped to know that I had this great woman before me who had portrayed her character as a fiery woman."[20] Paul McDonald notes that there are "inevitable comparisons" between the two characters: "both develop soft spots for rogue pilots, and both have a knack for slipping into and out of stilted British accents."[21] Despite being diplomats, each is also the best marksman of her respective trilogy, rarely missing.


Rick McCallum, and casting director Robin Gurland auditioned over 200 actresses for the part of Padmé Amidala.[22] They chose 16-year-old actress Natalie Portman to play the role. According to The Phantom Menace production notes, "The role required a young woman who could be believable as the ruler of that planet, but at the same time be vulnerable and open." Portman's performances in The Professional (1994) and Beautiful Girls (1996) impressed Lucas.[23] He stated, "I was looking for someone who was young, strong, along the lines of Leia. Natalie embodied all those traits and more."[24]

Portman was a unique choice in that she was unfamiliar with Star Wars. "My cousins had always been obsessed with the films, yet I hadn't even seen them before I got the part," she says. "When it all happened for me, my cousins were exclaiming, 'Oh, my God, you're in Star Wars!'"[25] She told a CNN interviewer, "I really wasn't aware of how big a deal Star Wars was ... and when I saw the films, I really liked them, but I still didn't really understand how many ... were passionate fans of this film."[26] Portman was, however, enthusiastic over being cast as the queen of Naboo, a character she expected to become a role model: "It was wonderful playing a young queen with so much power. I think it will be good for young women to see a strong woman of action who is also smart and a leader."[25]

In The Phantom Menace, Portman had to portray a character younger than herself. In Attack of the Clones, however, her character had aged 10 years. Portman had aged only five years between the two films. She remarks, "[Lucas] wants to make sure I seem older than Anakin in Attack of the Clones, so it's believable that I can be bossing him around, and he's a little intimidated. She looks at him as a little boy – at least for the first half of the film."[27]

Portman signed a contract to play Padmé in the three prequel films. Reactions by critics to her performances were mixed. General Grievous and blippeting fireplug R2-D2" of "emot[ing] more convincingly than either Natalie Portman or Hayden Christensen."[31] Nonetheless, Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle described Portman's performance in the third episode as "decorative and sympathetic."[32]

Critics have blamed Portman's performance on Lucas' direction and script. [34] Todd McCarthy of Variety likewise lamented that "Lucas's shortcomings as a writer and director of intimate, one-on-one scenes" hampered Portman's performance.[35]


Traditional Mongolian royal fashion (left) and the Senate Gown (right) inspired by such fashion

An extensive wardrobe was designed for Padmé Amidala by Flash Gordon character Dale Arden. The wardrobe in The Phantom Menace was designed by concept artist Iain McCaig and costume designer Trisha Biggar; concept artist Dermot Power joined McCaig and Biggar in the design process of Attack of the Clones.[36][37] Biggar worked as costume designer on the three films.[38] Many costumes were inspired by the historical royal fashions of different cultures. For example, in The Phantom Menace, the dress which Padmé wears when addressing the Senate is based on Mongolian imperial fashion worn by Grand Empress Börte, wife of Genghis Khan, and other monarchs into the early 20th century. Padmé's travel gown in Attack of the Clones is based on 17th-century Russian fashion photographed on Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna at the Romanov Anniversary Ball in 1903.[39]

The costumes of the prequel trilogy are purposefully more elaborate than those of the original trilogy. Lucas asserts that galactic society in the prequels is much more sophisticated.[40] Commenting on the disparities between the two trilogies, Carrie Fisher mused, "Harrison Ford wears the same outfit for three flicks, and I was complaining that I wear, like, six outfits. And my mother – Natalie Portman – she wears three million. She walks through a doorway and there's another outfit. It's like the Liberace of sci-fi changing of clothes."[41] Trisha Biggar reveals that originally there were only three costumes planned for Amidala in The Phantom Menace, but "[Lucas] decided that every time we saw [her] she was going to have a different costume."[42] Lucas explains, "Someone of that stature would automatically be changing their costumes to fit the occasion."[40]

Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia (left) and the Travel Gown (right) inspired by Russian fashion (see kokoshnik)

Aesthetics aside, the wardrobe was designed to reflect key plot developments. In Attack of the Clones, Lucas wanted Padmé's wardrobe to mirror the romantic elements of the film. He suggested that her costumes be more "sultry in nature."[43] Trisha Biggar notes that Lucas wanted her to appear "sexy, gorgeous, and young in skimpy clothes."[44] Portman laughs, "I got over the hump of 18 so I'm allowed to show tummy now, I guess.",[45] so during the battle of Geonosis the bottom part of her top is ripped off revealing her midriff, For Revenge of the Sith, Biggar says, "We knew that Padmé was going to be pregnant through the whole film, and nobody in the outside world could know that. Because she's pregnant, I wanted a soft quality to be apparent in the fabrics that were used."[46]

Some of the costumes created by Biggar's staff did not appear in the final version of the films. In Revenge of the Sith, for example, a multi-colored "Peacock Gown" and a "Green Cut Velvet Robe" worn by Padmé in scenes featuring the Delegation of 2000 were deleted during post-production. Biggars remarks that the Peacock Gown had been one of her favorite designs and that much time and money had been invested in these particular costumes.[47] Ultimately, the Peacock Gown would be used only for the film's theatrical poster. The velvet robe was ultimately re-used for a short scene filmed during pick-up photography, thus appearing in the film, and features on the DVD cover art.

Many of Padmé's costumes in The Phantom Menace were featured in the Japanese magazine High Fashion in 1999 and the Attack of the Clones costumes were in Vogue in 2002. The costumes went on display in the 2005 exhibit Dressing A Galaxy: The Costumes of Star Wars at the Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising (FIDM) in Los Angeles.[48] Trisha Biggar won a Saturn Award for Best Costumes in 2000 for The Phantom Menace and in 2003 for Attack of the Clones.[49][50] She was nominated in 2006 for Revenge of the Sith, but lost to Isis Mussenden, costume designer for The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (2005).[51]


Padmé Amidala is depicted in Star Wars fiction as beautiful and graceful. In Cloak of Deception, she is described as having "a slight figure and a lovely, feminine face as one of the most beautiful, feminine women in Star Wars. She was remarkably solemn for one so young. It was clear that she took her responsibilities with the utmost seriousness."[52] Terry Brooks details the alien Nute Gunray's reaction to her appearance: "She was considered beautiful, Gunray had been told, but he had no sense of human beauty and by Neimoidian standards she was simply colorless and small-featured."[53] Brooks writes that she is "young, beautiful, and serene."[54]

The Star Wars Databank describes her as "one of Naboo's best and brightest"[2] and "interested in public service".[55] She demonstrates a devotion to the disadvantaged and deprived beings of the galaxy. Her childhood and adolescence is sacrificed to public service. In the Attack of the Clones novelization, Padmé's sister Sola Naberrie tells her, "You're so tied up in your responsibilities that you don't give any weight to your desires."[56]

Padmé relies on diplomacy to resolve disputes, often appearing as a pacifist. She is not, however, an advocate of appeasement, as she is willing to use "aggressive negotiations" to preserve democracy.[57] The Star Wars Databank notes, "Despite her initial objections to a Republic army, Padmé nonetheless fought alongside the newly created clone troopers against the Separatist droid forces."[55] Film critics Dominique Mainon and James Ursini classify her as a "modern Amazon," a reference to the warrior women of ancient Greek mythology.[58]

Her combat skills are explored further through the Star Wars Universe. In Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones she quickly manages to defeat Anakin Skywalker in a wrestling match and throughout the course of the clone wars, she has fought squads of battle droids with hand-to-hand combat and a blaster. She is an expert markswoman and has managed to outgun Aurra Sing in the episode Assassin in Season 3 of Star Wars: the Clone wars.

As a ruler and politician, Padmé is distrustful of bureaucracy, opposed to corruption, and attached to the ideals of democracy and the rule of law. She tells Anakin, "Popular rule is not democracy .... It gives the people what they want, not what they need."[59] According to Mainon and Ursini, "she tried to preach compromise and reason, [but] the disarray within the [Republic] ... led her to doubt the senate's effectiveness."[55] Her loyalty remains with the Republic until she suspects it no longer represents the democratic principles she espouses. In the novelization of Revenge of the Sith, Padmé advises Senator Bail Organa and Mon Mothma, "Be good little Senators. Mind your manners and keep your heads down. And keep doing ... all those things we can't talk about."[60]

Padmé is sometimes mysterious and deceptive. She is described in Brooks' The Phantom Menace novelization as a "chameleon of sorts, masking herself to the world at large and finding companionship almost exclusively with a cadre of handmaidens who were always with her."[61] Her decision to quietly marry Anakin and secret discussions with other senators about Palpatine add to the character's duplicity.[55] Paul F. McDonald of observes, "Amidala ... embod[ies] many of the dualities that inform Episode I— war and peace, queen and commoner, form and substance. Unlike other characters, whose personalities are divided and usually warring against one another, her dual nature works to her advantage." He explains, "Amidala can be cold and commanding when she needs to be, or warm and loving as Padmé."[21]


In The Phantom Menace, Padmé Amidala, in her capacity as queen, is addressed as "Your Majesty", "Your Royal Highness" and "Your Highness". Contrary to usage in real monarchies, where the style is fixed and tied to the person's rank, in Lucas's Star Wars universe they are apparently interchangeable.

After her tenure as monarch ended and she became a member of the Senate, Padmé Amidala was addressed as "Senator Amidala" with no formal style, although she continued to use her regnal name instead of her family name in accordance with Naboo custom.

See also


  1. ^ Terry Moore, "A Summer's Dream," in Star Wars Tales 5 (Dark Horse Comics, September 2000), ISBN 1-59307-286-4.
  2. ^ a b Padmé Amidala, Expanded Universe, at the Star Wars Databank; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  3. ^ James Luceno, Cloak of Deception (paperback; New York: Del Rey, 2002), p. 323, ISBN 0-345-44297-0.
  4. ^ Jude Watson, Star Wars Episode I Journal: Amidala (New York: Scholastic, 1999), ISBN 0-590-52101-2.
  5. ^ Julianne Balmain, The Queen's Amulet (New York: Chronicle Books, 1999), ISBN 0-8118-2462-4.
  6. ^ Erik Tiemens, "The Artist of Naboo," in Star Wars: Visionaries (Dark Horse Comics, March 2005), ISBN 1-59307-311-9.
  7. ^ James Luceno, Labyrinth of Evil (paperback; New York: Del Rey, 2005), p. 57, ISBN 0-345-47573-9.
  8. ^ Terry Brooks, Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (paperback; New York: Del Rey, 1999), p. 28, ISBN 0-345-43411-0.
  9. ^ R. A. Salvatore, Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (paperback; New York: Del Rey, 2002), p. 20, ISBN 0-345-42882-X.
  10. ^ Matthew Stover, Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (paperback; New York: Del Rey, 2005), p. 450, ISBN 0-345-42884-6
  11. ^ Troy Denning, The Joiner King (paperback; New York: Del Rey, 2005), pp. 210–211, ISBN 0-345-46304-8.
  12. ^ Denning, The Joiner King, p. 345.
  13. ^ The Swarm War (Star Wars: Dark Nest, Book 3): Troy Denning: Books
  14. ^ Dale Pollock, Skywalking: The Life and Films of George Lucas (New York: Da Capo Press, 1999), p. 146, ISBN 0-306-80904-4.
  15. ^ Claire Clouzot, "The Morning of the Magician: George Lucas and Star Wars," The George Lucas Interviews, ed. Sally Kline (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1999), pp. 57-58, ISBN 1-57806-125-3.
  16. ^ Laurent Bouzereau, Star Wars: The Annotated Screenplays (New York: Del Rey, 1997), p. 270, ISBN 0-345-40981-7.
  17. ^ George Lucas, quoted in Bouzereau, The Annotated Screenplays, p. 291.
  18. ^ Peter Travers, review of Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, Rolling Stone, May 13, 2005, available here; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  19. ^ "Wise Beyond Her Years", part 2 of "Natalie Portman: Forbidden Love," at Star; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  20. ^ Natalie Portman, quoted in "Wise Beyond Her Years."
  21. ^ a b McDonald, Paul F. (2000-06-12). "Amidala: The Goddess With Two Faces". Archived from the original on 2007-04-20. Retrieved 2014-11-16. 
  22. ^ Jonathan L. Bowen, Anticipation: The Real Life Story of Star Wars: Episode I-The Phantom Menace (Lincoln, Neb.: iUniverse, 2005), p. 3, ISBN 0-595-34732-0.
  23. ^ "Star Wars Episode I Production Notes: The Actors and Characters – Part I", at Star; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  24. ^ George Lucas, quoted in "Production Notes".
  25. ^ a b Portman, quoted in "Production Notes".
  26. ^ "Return of the galaxy's new beauty New look, love interest for Portman's role in 'Star Wars'" at CNN; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  27. ^ "No Longer ," in "Natalie Portman: Forbidden Love," at Star; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  28. ^ James Berardinelli, review of Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, available here; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  29. ^ Annlee Ellingson, review of Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, Box Office Magazine, available here; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  30. ^ Mike Clark, review of Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones, May 15, 2002, available here; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  31. ^ Ed Halter, "May the Force Be Over; The end of the beginning: Lucas's adolescent space opera concludes in a CGI Sith Storm," The Village Voice (New York), May 11, 2005, available here; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  32. ^ Mick LaSalle, "When 'Sith' sticks to Darth, it's brilliant. When it doesn't, it lacks luster," San Francisco Chronicle, May 18, 2005, available here; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  33. ^ Roger Ebert, review of Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones, Chicago Sun-Times, May 10, 2002, available here; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  34. ^ Roger Ebert, review of Revenge of the Sith, Chicago Sun-Times, May 19, 2005, available here; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  35. ^ Todd McCarthy, review of Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, Variety, May 5, 2005, available here; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  36. ^ Ian McCaig Biography, at Star; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  37. ^ Dermot Power Biography, at Star; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  38. ^ Trisha Biggar Biography, at Star; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  39. ^ L. Mangue, ed., "Reverse References", at Nerf-Herders Anonymous; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  40. ^ a b George Lucas, Costume Featurette, Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Special Features, (DVD, 20th Century Fox, 1999), disc 2.
  41. ^ Carrie Fisher, commentary to Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, Special Edition (DVD, 20th Century Fox, 2005).
  42. ^ Trisha Biggar, Costumes Featurette, The Phantom Menace, DVD.
  43. ^ George Lucas, Love Featurette, Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones, Special Features (DVD, 20th Century Fox, 2002), disc 2.
  44. ^ Trisha Biggar, Love Featurette, Attack of the Clones, DVD.
  45. ^ Natalie Portman, Love Featurette, Attack of the Clones, DVD.
  46. ^ "Crafting Revenge," in "An Introduction to Episode III" at; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  47. ^ "Epic Designs for an Expanding Universe", Web Documentary, Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, Special Features (DVD, 20th Century Fox, 2005), disc 2.
  48. ^ "Star Wars: Dressing a Galaxy Opens Monday," at Star; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  49. ^ Awards for Star Wars: Episode I: The Phantom Menace at the Internet Movie Database; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  50. ^ Awards for Star Wars: Episode II: Attack of the Clones at Internet Movie Database; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  51. ^ Saturn Awards, 2006, at the Internet Movie Database; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  52. ^ Luceno, Cloak of Deception, p. 321.
  53. ^ Brooks, The Phantom Menace, p. 83.
  54. ^ Brooks, The Phantom Menace, p. 36.
  55. ^ a b c d Padmé Amidala at the Star Wars Databank; last accessed August 5, 2006.
  56. ^ Salvatore, Attack of the Clones, p. 176.
  57. ^ Salvatore, Attack of the Clones, p. 319.
  58. ^ Dominique Mainon and James Ursini, The Modern Amazons: Warrior Women On-Screen (book) (Pompton Plains, N.J.: Hal Leonard, 2006), p. 199, ISBN 0-87910-327-2
  59. ^ Salvatore, Attack of the Clones, p. 144.
  60. ^ Stover, Revenge of the Sith, p. 401.
  61. ^ Brooks, The Phantom Menace, p. 28–29.

Further reading

  • Biggar, Trisha. Dressing a Galaxy: The Costumes of Star Wars. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2005. ISBN 0-8109-6567-4.
  • Hanson, Michael J., and Max S. Kay. Star Wars: The New Myth. Philadelphia: Xlibris, 2002. ISBN 1-4010-3989-8.
  • Luceno, James. Star Wars: Revenge of the Sith: The Visual Dictionary. New York: DK Publishing, 2005. ISBN 0-7566-1128-8.
  • Reynolds, David West. Star Wars Episode I: The Visual Dictionary. New York: DK Publishing, 1999. ISBN 0-7894-4701-0.
  • Reynolds, David West. Star Wars: Attack of the Clones: The Visual Dictionary. New York: DK Publishing, 2002. ISBN 0-7894-8588-5.
  • Wallace, Daniel. The New Essential Guide to Characters. New York: Del Rey, 2002. ISBN 0-345-44900-2.
  • Wallace, Daniel. "Republic HoloNet News Special Inaugural Edition 16:5:24." Star Wars Insider 84 (September 2005).
  • Wallace, Daniel. "Tatters of the Republic." Star Wars Insider 86 (December 2005).
  • Wallace, Daniel. "Who's Who in the Delegation of 2000." Star Wars Insider 85 (November 2005).
  • Wallace, Daniel, and Kevin J. Anderson. The New Essential Chronology. New York: Del Rey, 2005. ISBN 0-345-49053-3.

External links

  • Official website
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