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New Brunswick, New Jersey

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Title: New Brunswick, New Jersey  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: National Register of Historic Places listings in Middlesex County, New Jersey, Rutgers University, New Jersey Route 18, Rutgers Scarlet Knights, North Brunswick, New Jersey
Collection: 1730 Establishments in New Jersey, 1730 Establishments in the Thirteen Colonies, 1784 Establishments in New Jersey, Cities in Middlesex County, New Jersey, County Seats in New Jersey, Delaware and Raritan Canal, Faulkner Act Mayor-Council, Hungarian-American Culture in New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, New Jersey Urban Enterprise Zones, Populated Places Established in 1730, University Towns in the United States
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

New Brunswick, New Jersey

New Brunswick, New Jersey
City of New Brunswick
Nickname(s): Hub City, The Healthcare City
Location of New Brunswick in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Location of New Brunswick in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of New Brunswick, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of New Brunswick, New Jersey
Coordinates: [1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Middlesex
Established December 30, 1730
Incorporated September 1, 1784
Named for George II of Great Britain
 • Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • Mayor James M. Cahill (term ends December 31, 2018)[4]
 • Administrator Thomas A. Loughlin, III[5]
 • Clerk Daniel A. Torrisi[6]
 • Total 5.789 sq mi (14.995 km2)
 • Land 5.227 sq mi (13.539 km2)
 • Water 0.562 sq mi (1.456 km2)  9.71%
Area rank 264th of 566 in state
14th of 25 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 62 ft (19 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 55,181
 • Estimate (2014)[11] 57,080
 • Rank 27th of 566 in state
5th of 25 in county[12]
 • Density 10,556.4/sq mi (4,075.8/km2)
 • Density rank 34th of 566 in state
2nd of 25 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 08901-08906, 08933, 08989[13][14]
Area code(s) 732/848 and 908[15]
FIPS code 3402351210[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0885318[1][18]
Website .org.cityofnewbrunswickwww
New Brunswick is the county seat for Middlesex County.

If I had to fall I wish it had been on the sidewalks of New York, not the sidewalks of New Brunswick, N.J.

Alfred E. Smith to Lew Dockstader in December 1923 on Dockstader's fall at what is now the State Theater.[19]

New Brunswick is a city in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. It is the county seat of Middlesex,[20][21] and the home of Rutgers University. The city is located on the Northeast Corridor rail line, 27 miles (43 km) southwest of Manhattan, on the southern bank of the Raritan River. At the 2010 United States Census, the population of New Brunswick was 55,181,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 6,608 (+13.6%) from the 48,573 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 6,862 (+16.5%) from the 41,711 counted in the 1990 Census.[22] Due to the concentration of medical facilities in the area, including Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital and Saint Peter's University Hospital, as well as Rutgers University's Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick is known as "the Healthcare City,"[23][24] The corporate headquarters and production facilities of several global pharmaceutical companies are situated in the city, including Johnson & Johnson and Bristol-Myers Squibb.

New Brunswick was formed by Royal charter on December 30, 1730, within other townships in Middlesex County and Somerset County and was reformed by Royal charter with the same boundaries on February 12, 1763, at which time it was divided into north and south wards. New Brunswick was incorporated as a city by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on September 1, 1784.[25]

New Brunswick is noted for its ethnic diversity. At one time, one quarter of the Hungarian population of New Jersey resided in the city and in the 1930s one out of three city residents were Hungarian.[26] The Hungarian community continues to exist, alongside a growing Asian and Hispanic community that has developed around French Street near Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital.


  • History 1
    • Origins of the name 1.1
    • During the Colonial and Early American periods 1.2
    • African American community 1.3
    • Hungarian community 1.4
    • Latino community 1.5
    • Demolition, revitalization and redevelopment 1.6
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
    • Census 2010 3.1
    • Census 2000 3.2
  • Economy 4
    • Health care 4.1
    • Urban Enterprise Zone 4.2
  • Arts and culture 5
    • Theatre 5.1
    • Museums 5.2
    • Fine arts 5.3
    • Restaurants 5.4
    • Grease trucks 5.5
    • Music 5.6
  • Government 6
    • Local government 6.1
    • Police department 6.2
    • Federal, state and county representation 6.3
    • Politics 6.4
  • Education 7
    • Public schools 7.1
    • Higher education 7.2
  • Transportation 8
    • Public transportation 8.1
  • Popular culture 9
  • Points of interest 10
  • Places of worship 11
  • Notable people 12
  • Sister cities 13
  • References 14
  • External links 15


Origins of the name

Originally inhabited by the Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.[28][29]

During the Colonial and Early American periods

Early nineteenth century drawing of Old Queen's
New Brunswick and the Raritan River, 1903

Centrally located between New York City and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania along an early thoroughfare known as the King's Highway and situated along the Raritan River, New Brunswick became an important hub for Colonial travelers and traders. New Brunswick was incorporated as a town in 1736 and chartered as a city in 1784.[25] It was occupied by the British in the winter of 1776–1777 during the Revolutionary War.[30]

The Declaration of Independence received one of its first public readings, by Col. John Neilson, in New Brunswick on July 9, 1776, in the days following its promulgation by the Continental Congress.[31][32][33]

The Trustees of Queen's College (now Old Queens was erected in 1808. It remains the oldest building on the Rutgers University campus.[34] The Queen's College Grammar School (now Rutgers Preparatory School) was established also in 1766, and shared facilities with the College until 1830, when it located in a building (now known as Alexander Johnston Hall) across College Avenue from Old Queens.[35] After Rutgers University became the state university of New Jersey in 1956, the Trustees of Rutgers divested itself of the Rutgers Preparatory School, which relocated in 1957 to an estate purchased from the Colgate-Palmolive Company in Franklin Township in neighboring Somerset County.[36]

The New Brunswick Theological Seminary, founded in 1784 in New York, moved to New Brunswick in 1810, sharing its quarters with the fledgling Queen's College (Queens would close from 1810 to 1825 due to financial problems, and reopen in 1825 under the name Rutgers College).[37] The Seminary, due to overcrowding and differences over the mission of Rutgers College as a secular institution, moved to tract of land covering 7 acres (2.8 ha) located less than one-half mile (800 m) west, which it still occupies, although the land is now in the middle of Rutgers University's College Avenue campus.

African American community

The existence of an African American community dates back to the late 18th century, with the 1810 United States Census listing 53 free Blacks and 164 slaves. The city's Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church, located at 39 Morris Street, was originally established in 1825 at 25 Division Street, making it one of the oldest in New Jersey.[38]

Hungarian community

The Committee of Hungarian Churches and Organizations of New Brunswick commemorating the anniversary of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956

New Brunswick began attracting a Hungarian immigrant population around the turn of the 20th century. Hungarians were primarily attracted to the city by employment at Johnson & Johnson factories located in the city. Hungarians settled mainly in what today is the Fifth Ward.

The immigrant population grew until the end of the early century immigration boom. During the Cold War, the community was revitalized by the decision to house refugees from the failed 1956 Hungarian Revolution at Camp Kilmer, in nearby Edison. Even though the Hungarian population has been largely supplanted by newer immigrants, there continues to be a Hungarian Festival in the city held on Somerset Street on the first Saturday of June each year. Many Hungarian institutions set up by the community remain and active in the neighborhood, including: Magyar Reformed Church, Ascension Lutheran Church, St. Ladislaus Roman Catholic Church, St. Joseph Byzantine Catholic Church, Hungarian American Athletic Club, Aprokfalva Montessori Preschool, Széchenyi Hungarian Community School & Kindergarten, Teleki Pál Scout Home, Hungarian American Foundation, Vers Hangja, Hungarian Poetry Group, Bolyai Lecture Series on Arts and Sciences, Hungarian Alumni Association, Hungarian Radio Program, Hungarian Civic Association, Committee of Hungarian Churches and Organizations of New Brunswick, and Csűrdöngölő Folk Dance Ensemble.

Several landmarks in the city also testify to its Hungarian heritage. There is a street and a recreation park named after Lajos Kossuth, the famous leader of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848. The corner of Somerset Street and Plum Street is named Mindszenty Square where the first ever statue of Cardinal Joseph Mindszenty was erected. A stone memorial to the victims of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution also stands nearby.

Latino community

About 50% of New Brunswick's population is self-identified as Hispanic, the 14th highest percentage among municipalities in New Jersey.[8][39] Since the 1960s, many of the new residents of New Brunswick have come from Latin America. Many citizens moved from Puerto Rico in the 1970s. In the 1980s, many immigrated from the Dominican Republic, and still later from Guatemala, Honduras, Ecuador and Mexico.

Demolition, revitalization and redevelopment

The Gateway Project under construction

New Brunswick contains a number of examples of Puerto Rican and Dominican-American neighborhood, was demolished to build a Hyatt hotel and conference center, and upscale housing.[41] Johnson & Johnson guaranteed Hyatt Hotels' investment as they were wary of building an upscale hotel in a run-down area.

The redevelopment process has been controversial. Devco, the hospitals, and the city government continue to draw ire from both historic preservationists, those opposing gentrification[42] and those concerned with eminent domain abuses and tax abatements for developers.[43]

New Brunswick is one of nine cities in New Jersey designated as eligible for Urban Transit Hub Tax Credits by the state's Economic Development Authority. Developers who invest a minimum of $50 million within a half-mile of a train station are eligible for pro-rated tax credit.[44][45]

The Gateway tower, a 22-story redevelopment project next to the train station, was completed in 2012. The structure consists of apartments and condominiums (named "The Vue") built above a multi-story parking structure with a bridge connecting it to the station.[46] Boraie Development, a real estate development firm based in New Brunswick, has developed projects using the incentive.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 5.789 square miles (14.995 km2), including 5.227 square miles (13.539 km2) of land and 0.562 square miles (1.456 km2) of water (9.71%).[1][2] New Brunswick is in Raritan Valley (a line of cities in central New Jersey). New Brunswick is on the south side of Raritan Valley along with Piscataway, Highland Park, Edison and Franklin Township (Somerset County). New Brunswick lies southwest of Newark and New York City and northeast of Trenton and Philadelphia.

New Brunswick is bordered by Piscataway Township, Highland Park, and Edison Township across the Raritan River to the north by way of the Donald and Morris Goodkind Bridges, and also by North Brunswick Township to the southwest, East Brunswick Township to the southeast, and Franklin Township in Somerset County.[47]

While the city does not hold elections based on a ward system it has been so divided. There are several neighborhoods in the city.[48][49][50] which include the Fifth Ward, Feaster Park,[51] Lincoln Park, Raritan Gardens[52] and Edgebrook-Westons Mills.[53]


New Brunswick has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) typical to New Jersey, characterized by humid, warm summers and cold winters with moderate to considerable rainfall throughout the year.

Climate data for New Brunswick, New Jersey
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 39
Average low °F (°C) 21.7
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.62
Average snowfall inches (cm) 8
Average precipitation days 10.7 9.2 10.5 11.8 12.2 11.2 10.4 9.3 8.7 8.9 9.5 9.8 122.2
Average snowy days 4.8 3.8 2.3 .4 0 0 0 0 0 0 .3 2.2 13.8
Source: NOAA[54]


Census 2010

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 55,181 people, 14,119 households, and 7,751 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,556.4 per square mile (4,075.8/km2). There were 15,053 housing units at an average density of 2,879.7 per square mile (1,111.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 45.43% (25,071) White, 16.04% (8,852) Black or African American, 0.90% (498) Native American, 7.60% (4,195) Asian, 0.03% (19) Pacific Islander, 25.59% (14,122) from other races, and 4.39% (2,424) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 49.93% (27,553) of the population.[8]

There were 14,119 households, of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.2% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.1% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.36 and the average family size was 3.91.[8]

In the city, 21.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 33.2% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 12.2% from 45 to 64, and 5.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23.3 years. For every 100 females there were 105.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.3 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $44,543 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,356) and the median family income was $44,455 (+/- $3,526). Males had a median income of $31,313 (+/- $1,265) versus $28,858 (+/- $1,771) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $16,395 (+/- $979). About 15.5% of families and 25.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 16.9% of those age 65 or over.[67]

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 48,573 people, 13,057 households, and 7,207 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,293.5 per square mile (3,585.9/km2). There were 13,893 housing units at an average density of 2,658.1 per square mile (1,025.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.79% White, 23.03% African American, 0.46% Native American, 5.32% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 18.08% from other races, and 4.24% from two or more races. 39.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[65][66]

There were 13,057 households of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.6% were married couples living together, 18.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.8% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.23 and the average family size was 3.69.[65][66]

20.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 34.0% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 11.3% from 45 to 64, and 6.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.[65][66]

The median household income in the city was $36,080, and the median income for a family was $38,222. Males had a median income of $25,657 versus $23,604 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,308. 27.0% of the population and 16.9% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 25.9% were under the age of 18 and 13.8% were 65 or older.[65][66]


Health care

City Hall has promoted the nickname "The Health Care City" to reflect the importance of the healthcare industry to its economy.[68] The city is home to the world headquarters of Johnson & Johnson, along with several medical teaching and research institutions including Saint Peter's University Hospital, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital and the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, the Cancer Institute of New Jersey, and The Bristol-Myers Squibb Children's Hospital.[69]

Urban Enterprise Zone

Most of New Brunswick's retail businesses are within a designated Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[70]

Arts and culture


Three neighboring professional venues, State Theatre, comprise the heart of the local theatre scene. Crossroad Theatre houses American Repertory Ballet and the Princeton Ballet School. Rutgers University has a number of student companies that perform everything from cabaret acts to Shakespeare and musical productions.

Looking north from the corner of New and George Streets. The Heldrich Center is on the left.


New Brunswick is the site of the Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum, founded in 1966, at Rutgers University, Albus Cavus, and the Rutgers University Geology Museum.[72]

Fine arts

New Brunswick was an important centre for avant-garde art in the 1950s-70s with several artists such as Robert Whitman, Robert Watts, Lucas Samaras, Geoffrey Hendricks, Wolf Vostell and Roy Lichtenstein; some of whom had taught at Rutgers University. This group of artists was sometimes referred to as the 'New Jersey School' or the 'New Brunswick School of Painting'. For more information, see Fluxus at Rutgers University.[73]


New Brunswick has a diverse restaurant market including Nouvelle American, Italian, Middle Eastern, Mexican, Peruvian, Indian, Ethiopian, Thai, Taiwanese and Chinese cuisine. Restaurants such as Steakhouse 85, Frog and the Peach, Delta's, Panico's, The Old Bay, Clydz, Tumulty's Pub, Stage Left, Old Man Rafferty's, Brother Jimmy's BBQ, Burger Fi, and Chipotle serve the area.

Grease trucks

The "Grease Trucks" at Rutgers University's College Avenue campus

The "Grease Trucks" are a group of truck-based food vendors located on the College Avenue campus of Rutgers University. They are known for serving "Fat Sandwiches," a sub roll containing several ingredients such as steak, chicken fingers, French fries, falafel, cheeseburgers, mozzarella sticks, gyro meat, bacon, eggs and / or marinara sauce. In 2013 the grease trucks were removed for the construction of a new Rutgers building and were forced to move into various other areas of the Rutgers- New Brunswick Campus.[74]


New Brunswick's bar scene has been the home to many original rock bands, including some which went on to national prominence such as The Smithereens and Bon Jovi, as well as a center for local punk rock and underground music. Many alternative rock bands got radio airplay thanks to Matt Pinfield who was part of the New Brunswick music scene for over 20 years at Rutgers University radio station WRSU. Local pubs and clubs hosted many local bands, including the Court Tavern[75] until 2012[76] (scheduled to reopen),[77] and the Melody Bar during the 1980s and 1990s. As the New Brunswick basement scene grows in popularity, it was ranked the number 4 spot to see Indie bands in New Jersey.[78]


New Brunswick City Hall, the New Brunswick Free Public Library, and the New Brunswick Main Post Office are located in the city's Civic Square government district, as are numerous other city, county, state, and federal offices.

Local government

City Hall

The City of New Brunswick is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government. As the legislative body of New Brunswick's municipal government, the City Council is responsible for approving the annual budget, ordinances and resolutions, contracts, and appointments to boards and commissions. The City Council has five members elected at-large to staggered four-year terms of office in partisan elections, with either two or three seats coming up for election in even years as part of the November general election. The Council President, elected to a two-year term by the members of the Council, presides over all meetings.[3]

As of 2015, Democrat James Cahill is the 62nd Mayor of New Brunswick; He was sworn in as Mayor on January 1, 1991 and is serving a term that expires on December 31, 2018.[79] Members of the City Council are Council President Rebecca Escobar (D, 2018), Council Vice President Kevin Egan (D, 2018), John Andersen (D, 2016), Glenn J. Fleming, Sr. (D, 2016) and Elizabeth Sheehan Garlatti (D, 2016).[80][81][82][83]

Police department

The New Brunswick police department has received attention for various incidents over the years. In 1991, the fatal shooting of Shaun Potts, an unarmed black resident, by Sergeant Zane Grey led to multiple local protests.[84] In 1996, Officer James Consalvo fatally shot Carolyn "Sissy" Adams, an unarmed prostitute who had bit him.[85] The Adams case sparked calls for reform in the New Brunswick police department, and ultimately was settled with the family.[86] Two officers, SGT. Marco Chinchilla and Det. James Marshall, were convicted of running a bordello in 2001. Chinchilla was sentenced to three years and Marshall was sentenced to four.[87] In 2011, Officer Brad Berdel fatally shot Barry Deloatch, a black man who had run from police (although police claim he struck officers with a stick);[88] this sparked daily protests from residents.[89]

Following the Deloatch shooting, sergeant Richard Rowe was formally charged with mishandling 81 Internal Affairs investigations; Mayor Cahill explained that this would help "rebuild the public's trust and confidence in local law enforcement."[90]

Federal, state and county representation

New Brunswick is located in the 6th Congressional District[91] and is part of New Jersey's 17th state legislative district.[9][92][93]

New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch).[94] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[95] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[96][97]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 17th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Bob Smith (D, Piscataway) and in the General Assembly by Joseph Danielsen (D, Franklin Township) and Joseph V. Egan (D, New Brunswick)[98][99] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[100] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[101]

Carteret; Ex-officio on all committees),[102] Freeholder Deputy Director Carol Barrett Bellante (D, 2017; Monmouth Junction, South Brunswick Township; County Administration),[103] Kenneth Armwood (D, 2016, Piscataway; Business Development and Education),[104] Charles Kenny ( D, 2016, Woodbridge Township; Finance),[105] H. James Polos (D, 2015, Highland Park; Public Safety and Health),[106] Charles E. Tomaro (D, 2017, Edison; Infrastructure Management)[107] and Blanquita B. Valenti (D, 2016, New Brunswick; Community Services).[108][109] Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (D, Old Bridge Township),[110] Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (D, 2016, Piscataway)[111] and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (D, 2017; New Brunswick).[109][112]


As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 22,742 registered voters in New Brunswick, of which 8,732 (38.4%) were registered as Democrats, 882 (3.9%) were registered as Republicans and 13,103 (57.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 25 voters registered to other parties.[113]

In the

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 81.
  4. ^ 2014 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of December 15, 2014. Accessed January 11, 2015. As of date accessed, Cahill is listed with a term-end year of 2014.
  5. ^ Department of Administration, City of New Brunswick. Accessed August 18, 2013.
  6. ^ City Clerk, City of New Brunswick. Accessed August 18, 2013.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of New Brunswick, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for New Brunswick city, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 18, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011–2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 8. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for New Brunswick city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed April 18, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for New Brunswick, NJ, United States Postal Service,. Accessed April 18, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 18, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for New Brunswick, NJ, Accessed October 6, 2014.
  16. ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed May 19, 2012.
  18. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ Staff. "Lew Dockstader, Minstrel, Is Dead. Famous Comedian Succumbs to a Bone Tumor at His Daughter's Home at 68", The New York Times, October 27, 1924. Accessed May 18, 2015.
  20. ^
  21. ^ Middlesex County, NJ, National Association of Counties. Accessed January 21, 2013.
  22. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  23. ^ "7:30 a.m. -- Filling cracks in the HealthCare City", Home News Tribune, September 23, 1999. "With two major hospitals and a medical school, New Brunswick proclaims itself The Healthcare City."
  24. ^ "A wet day in the Hub City", Home News Tribune, September 23, 1999. "A few days short of 60 years, on Wednesday, Sept. 16, a dreary, drizzly day just ahead of the deluge of Hurricane Floyd, the Home News Tribune sent 24 reporters, 9 photographers and one artist into the Hub City, as it is known, to take a peek into life in New Brunswick as it is in 1999."
  25. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 171. Accessed March 26, 2012.
  26. ^ Weiss, Jennifer. "REDEVELOPMENT; As New Brunswick Grows, City's Hungarians Adapt", The New York Times, July 16, 2006. Accessed April 18, 2012. "While the Hungarian community has diminished over the years -- in the 1930s it made up a third of New Brunswick's population -- much of what it built remains."
  27. ^ Staff. "NEW-JERSEY.; Miscellaneous Notes about New-Brunswick.", The New York Times, July 27, 1854. Accessed April 18, 2012. "If the 'desperately hot' weather permit, I purpose to give you a few items of general interest respecting this ancient Dutch settlement. However, with the mercury ranging from 78° to 98° in the shade, during the sixteen hours of sunshine, you will not expect much exertion on my part. DANIEL COOPER (says GORDON,) was the first recorded inhabitant of 'Prigmore's Swamp.'"
  28. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 9, 2015.
  29. ^ Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 223. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed September 9, 2015.
  30. ^ Revolutionary War Sites in New Brunswick, Revolutionary War New Jersey. Accessed August 18, 2013.
  31. ^ Declaration of Independence: First Public Readings
  32. ^ Harper's New Monthly Magazine, July 1892, 251
  33. ^ Lee, Eunice. "Statue of New Brunswick Revolutionary War figure planned", The Star-Ledger, July 31, 2011. Accessed August 18, 2013. "New Brunswick Public Sculpture, a nonprofit, is commissioning a life-size bronze statue of Col. John Neilson, a New Jersey native who gave one of the earliest readings of the Declaration of Independence on July 9, 1776, while standing before a crowd in New Brunswick."
  34. ^ "Historic places", Rutgers Focus, December 7, 2001. Accessed August 18, 2013.
  35. ^ Alexander Johnston Hall, Rutgers University. Accessed August 18, 2013. "Alexander Johnston Hall was built by Nicholas Wyckoff in 1830 to provide a home for the Rutgers Preparatory School, which had shared space in Old Queens with the College and New Brunswick Theological Seminary since 1811."
  36. ^ Rutgers College Grammar School, Rutgers University Common Repository. Accessed August 18, 2013. "The Rutgers Preparatory School remained in New Brunswick until 1957, when it moved to its current location in Somerset, N.J."
  37. ^ a b Who We Are, New Brunswick Theological Seminary. Accessed August 18, 2013. "In 1796, the school moved to Brooklyn and in 1810 to New Brunswick, to serve better the church and its candidates for ministry. Since 1856, New Brunswick Seminary has carried on its life and work on its present New Brunswick campus."
  38. ^ New Jersey's African American Tour Guide, New Jersey Commerce and Economic Growth Commission. Accessed December 17, 2014. "At the southern edge of the Gateway Region is New Brunswick, a town with much culture to offer and African American history to explore. African Americans were living here as far back as 1790, and by 1810, the Census listed 53 free Blacks—and 164 slaves—out of the 469 families then living in town. One of the state’s oldest Black churches, Mt. Zion A.M.E., at 25 Division Street, was founded in 1825."
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New Brunswick has four sister cities, as listed by Sister Cities International:[221][222]

Sister cities

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with the City of New Brunswick include:

Phil Radford, environmental leader

Notable people

  • Abundant Life Family Worship Church - founded in 1991.[157]
  • Anshe Emeth Memorial Temple (Reform Judaism) - established in 1859.[158]
  • Ascension Lutheran Church - founded in 1908 as The New Brunswick First Magyar Augsburg Evangelical Church.[159]
  • Christ Church, Episcopal - granted a royal charter in 1761.[160]
  • Ebenezer Baptist Church
  • First Baptist Church of New Brunswick, American Baptist
  • First Presbyterian, Presbyterian (PCUSA)
  • First Reformed Reformed (RCA)
  • Kirkpatrick Chapel at Rutgers University (nondenominational)
  • Magyar Reformed, Calvinist
  • Mount Zion AME (African Methodist Episcopal)
  • Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary Ukrainian Catholic Church
  • Point Community Church
  • Saint Joseph, Byzantine Catholic
  • Saint Ladislaus, Roman Catholic
  • Saint Mary of Mount Virgin Church, Remsen Avenue and Sandford Street, Roman Catholic
  • Sacred Heart Church, Throop Avenue, Roman Catholic
  • Saint Peter the Apostle Church, Somerset Street, Roman Catholic
  • Second Reformed Church, Reformed (RCA)
  • Sharon Baptist Church
  • United Methodist Church at New Brunswick
  • Voorhees Chapel at Rutgers University (nondenominational)

Places of worship

The Heldrich in Downtown New Brunswick

Points of interest

  • On April 18, 1872, at New Brunswick, William Cameron Coup developed the system of loading circus equipment and animals on railroad cars from one end and through the train, rather than from the sides. This system would be adopted by other railroad circuses and used through the golden age of railroad circuses and even by the Ringling shows today.
  • The 1980s sitcom, Charles in Charge, was set in New Brunswick.[155]
  • The 2004 movie Harold and Kumar Go To White Castle revolves around Harold and Kumar's attempt to get to a White Castle restaurant and includes a stop in a fictionalized New Brunswick.[156]

Popular culture

New Brunswick was at the eastern terminus of the Delaware and Raritan Canal, of which there are remnants surviving or rebuilt along the river.[154] Until 1936, the city was served by the interurban Newark–Trenton Fast Line.

Local bus service is provided by NJ Transit's 810, 811, 814, 815, 818 routes and 980 route,[150] the extensive Rutgers Campus bus network,[151] the MCAT/BrunsQuick shuttle system,[152] DASH buses,[153] and NYC bound Suburban Trails buses. Studies are being conducted to create the New Brunswick Bus Rapid Transit system.

New Brunswick is served by New Jersey Transit and Amtrak trains on the Northeast Corridor Line.[147] New Jersey Transit provides frequent service north to Pennsylvania Station, in Midtown Manhattan, and south to Trenton, while Amtrak's Keystone Service and Northeast Regional trains service the New Brunswick Train Station.[148] The Jersey Avenue station is also served by Northeast Corridor trains.[149] For other Amtrak connections, riders can take New Jersey Transit to Pennsylvania Station, Trenton, Metropark, or Newark Penn Station.

Panorama of New Brunswick Train Station track to New York City
Southbound platform of New Brunswick's NJ Transit train station. University Center at Easton Ave is in the background.

Public transportation

New Brunswick Parking Authority manages 14 ground-level and multi-story parking facilities across the city.[144][145] CitiPark manages a downtown parking facility at 2 Albany Street.[146]

Other major roads that are nearby include the Garden State Parkway in Woodbridge Township and Interstate 287 in neighboring Edison, Piscataway and Franklin townships.

The city encompasses the intersection of U.S. Route 1 and Route 18, and is bisected by Route 27. New Brunswick hosts less than a mile of the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95). A few turnpike ramps are in the city that lead to Exit 9 which is just outside the city limits in East Brunswick Township.

As of May 2010, the city had a total of 73.24 miles (117.87 km) of roadways, of which 56.13 miles (90.33 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.57 miles (13.79 km) by Middlesex County, 7.85 miles (12.63 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 0.69 miles (1.11 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[143]


Higher education

The community is also served by the Greater Brunswick Charter School, a K-8 charter school with an enrollment of about 250 children from New Brunswick, Highland Park, Edison and other area communities.[139]

As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's 10 schools had an enrollment of 7,657 students and 630.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.14:1.[124] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[125]) are Lincoln Elementary School[126] (grades PreK-8; 578 students), Livingston Elementary School[127] (K-8; 538), McKinley Community Elementary School[128] (PreK-5; 734), A. Chester Redshaw Elementary School[129] (PreK-8; 719), Paul Robeson Community Elementary School[130] (PreK-5; 500), Roosevelt Elementary School[131] (PreK-5; 600), Lord Stirling Elementary School[132] (PreK-5; 813), Woodrow Wilson Elementary School[133] (PreK-8; 437), New Brunswick Middle School[134] (6-8; 1,183), New Brunswick High School[135] (9-12; 1,555) and Health Sciences Technology High School[136] (9-12).[137][138]

The New Brunswick Public Schools serve students in Kindergarten to twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide,[121] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[122][123] New Brunswick's Board of Education members are appointed by the city's mayor.

Public schools


In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 66.5% of the vote (2,604 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 31.2% (1,220 votes), and other candidates with 2.3% (92 votes), among the 3,991 ballots cast by the township's 23,780 registered voters (75 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 16.8%.[118][119] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 68.2% of the vote (4,281 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 20.9% (1,314 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.2% (387 votes) and other candidates with 2.0% (128 votes), among the 6,273 ballots cast by the township's 22,534 registered voters, yielding a 27.8% turnout.[120]


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