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Lahore Division

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Lahore Division

Lahore Division was an administrative division of Punjab Province, Pakistan, until the reforms of 2000 abolished the third tier of government.

At abolition it contained the following districts:[1][2]

History

Lahore Division was originally an administrative division of the Punjab Province of British India. It extended along the right bank of the Sutlej River from the Himalaya to Multan, and comprised the six districts of Sialkot, Gujranwala, Montgomery, Lahore, Amritsar, and Gurdaspur. The total area of the division was 44,430 km2 (17,154 sq mi) and the population according to the 1901 census of India was 5,598,463.[3] The commissioner for the division also exercised political control over the hill state of Chamba. Lahore Division is composed of Lahore, Okara, Kasur and Sheikhupura. (2012)

The Commissioner's headquarters were at Lahore and Dalhousie. The total population of the Division increased from 4,696,636 in 1881 to 5,321,535 in 1891, and 5,598,463 in 1901. The total area was 44,430 square kilometres (17,154 sq mi), and the density of population was 326 persons per square mile, compared with 208 for British territory in the Province as a whole. In 1901 Muslims numbered 3,332,175, or 60 percent of the total; while other religions included Hindus, 1,567,402; Sikhs, 661,320; Jains, 5,5,07; Buddhists, 6; Parsis, 228; and Christians, 31,815, of whom 25,248 were natives.[4]

The division contained six districts:[3]

District Area
(square miles)
Population
(1901 census figures)
Land revenue and cesses
(thousands of rupees).
Montgomery 4,771 497,706 6,90
Lahore 3,704 1,162,109 12,55
Amritsar 1,601 1,023,828 14,54
Gurdaspur 1,889 940,334 17,72
Sialkot 1,991 1,083,909 17,27
Gujranwala 3,198 890,557 12,89
Total 17,154 5,598,463 81,87

Gurdaspur included a few square miles of mountainous country, enclosing the hill station of Dalhousie (highest, point, 7,687 feet) ; but otherwise the Division was flat. It contained 9,869 villages and 41 towns, of which the largest are Lahore (population, 202,964, including cantonment), Amristar(162,429), Sialkot (57,956), Gujranwala (29,224), Batala (27,365), and Kasur (22,022). In commercial importance Lahore and Amritsar dwarfed all other towns in the Division, but Sialkot and Batala were considerably more than local centres. Besides the administrative charge of six British Districts, the Commissioner of Lahore had political control over the Native State of Chamba, which had an area of 8,330 square kilometres (3,216 sq mi) and a population (1901) of 127,834.[3]

Independence

With the independence of Pakistan in 1947, Lahore Division was divided among the two countries. with the eastern half becoming Amrtisar Division.

References

  1. ^ Divisions/Districts of Pakistan
    Note: Although divisions as an administrative structure has been abolished, the election commission of Pakistan still groups districts under the division names
  2. ^ http://health.punjab.gov.pk/?q=system/files/Division_and_district_wise_facilities.pdf
  3. ^ a b c Lahore Division - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 16, p. 96.
  4. ^ Lahore Division - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 16, p. 95.


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