World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kamkata-viri language

Article Id: WHEBN0005800445
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kamkata-viri language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kayort language, Mirgan language, Kharia Thar language, Shumashti language, Tregami language
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Kamkata-viri language

Native to Afghanistan
Region Nuristan, Kunar
Native speakers
39,000  (1994–2011)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
bsh – Kati
xvi – Kamviri
Linguasphere 58-ACB-a

Kamkata-vari, the largest Nuristani language, contains the main dialects Kata-vari, Kamviri and Mumviri. Kata-vari and Kamviri are sometimes erroneously reckoned as two separate languages, but according to linguist Richard Strand they form one language.

The Kamkata-vari language is spoken by the Kata, Kom, Mumo, Ksto and some smaller Black-Robed tribes in parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan. There are dialectal differences of the Kamkata-vari speakers of Pakistan. Most used alternative names are Kati or Bashgali.

Kamkata-vari is spoken by 40,000-60,000 Kata, Kom, and other minor tribal peoples.

It belongs to the Indo-European language family, and is on the Nuristani group of the Indo-Iranian branch.

Literacy rates are low: below 1% for people who have it as a first language, and between 15% to 25% for people who have it as a second language. The Katavari dialect can be heard on radio in Afghanistan.

There are four main dialects: Eastern Kata-vari, Western Kata-vari, Kamviri and Mumviri, the last two are sometimes erroneously defined as separate languages.


  1. ^ Kati at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Kamviri at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  • Strand, Richard F. (2010). "Nurestâni Languages". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Edition. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 

External links

  • Strand, Richard F. (1997-present). "Nuristan: Hidden Land of the Hindu-Kush". Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  • Strand, Richard F. (1997). "The kâtʹa, kʹom, mumʹo, kṣtʹo, biniʹo, ǰâmčʹo, and ǰâšʹa". Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  • Strand, Richard F. (1999). "Kâmvʹiri Lexicon". Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  • Strand, Richard F. (1997). "The Sound System of Kâmvʹiri". Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  • Strand, Richard F. (2011). "Kâtʹa-vari Lexicon". Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  • Strand, Richard F. (2011). "The Sound System of Kt'ivřâ·i vari". Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.