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Iron Pagoda

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Iron Pagoda

The Iron Pagoda of Kaifeng, China, built in 1049 during the Song dynasty,with articulated dougong and wind bells under the eaves

The Iron Pagoda (Chinese: 鐵塔) of Youguo Temple (佑國寺), Kaifeng City, Henan province, is a Buddhist Chinese pagoda built in 1049 during the Song dynasty (960–1279) of China. The pagoda is so-named not because it is made of iron, but because its color resembles that of iron. It is a brick pagoda tower built on the location of a previous wooden one that had been burnt down by lightning fire in 1044. Along with the Liuhe, Lingxiao, Liaodi, Pizhi, and Beisi pagodas, it is seen as a masterpiece of Song dynasty architecture.

Architecture

This octagonal-base structure stands at a current height of 56.88 meters (186.56 feet), with a total of 13 stories.[1] It is a solid-core brick tower with an inner spiral stone staircase and outside openings to allow light and air flow.[2] The architectural style features densely positioned, articulated dougong in the eaves (miyan) and multiple stories (louge).[2] The exterior features more than fifty different varieties of glazed brick and 1,600 intricate and richly detailed carvings, including those of standing and sitting Buddha, standing monks, singers and flying dancers, flowers, lions, dragons and other legendary beasts as well as many fine engravings. Under the eaves are 104 bells that ring in the wind. The foundation rests in the silt of the Yellow River.[3] Inside the Iron Pagoda are frescos of the classical Chinese tales, such the Journey to the West.[4]

History

In the [6]

In 1994, the Iron Pagoda was featured on a two-yuan Chinese postage stamp.[7]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Chinadaily.com.cn (2003). Iron Pagoda. Ministry of Culture. Retrieved on 2007-03-29.
  2. ^ a b Daiheng, Gao (2002). Chinese Architecture -- The Lia, Song, Xi Xia, and Jin Dynasties (English ed.). Yale University Press. pp. 166, 183.  
  3. ^ a b "Iron Pagoda". China Culture. Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  4. ^ Harper, Damian (2005). China. Lonely Planet.  
  5. ^ a b Needham, Joseph; Gwei-Djen, Lu; Wang, Ling (1971). "Science and Civilisation in China, volume 4, part 3, Civil Engineering and Nautics". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 81–82.  
  6. ^ "Youguo Temple Iron Pagoda in Kaifeng of Henan Province". china.org. Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  7. ^ "1994-21: Pagodas of Ancient China - 1994". chinesestamps.org. Archived from the original on 2007-09-21. Retrieved 2007-09-04. 

External links

  • Iron Pagoda at Ctrip
  • Iron Pagoda at CRIENGLISH

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