World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Iron Pagoda

Article Id: WHEBN0010767610
Reproduction Date:

Title: Iron Pagoda  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Architecture of the Song dynasty, Kaifeng, List of Buddhist temples, History of architecture, Shen Kuo
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Iron Pagoda

The Iron Pagoda of Kaifeng, China, built in 1049 during the Song dynasty,with articulated dougong and wind bells under the eaves

The Iron Pagoda (Chinese: 鐵塔) of Youguo Temple (佑國寺), Kaifeng City, Henan province, is a Buddhist Chinese pagoda built in 1049 during the Song dynasty (960–1279) of China. The pagoda is so-named not because it is made of iron, but because its color resembles that of iron. It is a brick pagoda tower built on the location of a previous wooden one that had been burnt down by lightning fire in 1044. Along with the Liuhe, Lingxiao, Liaodi, Pizhi, and Beisi pagodas, it is seen as a masterpiece of Song dynasty architecture.


This octagonal-base structure stands at a current height of 56.88 meters (186.56 feet), with a total of 13 stories.[1] It is a solid-core brick tower with an inner spiral stone staircase and outside openings to allow light and air flow.[2] The architectural style features densely positioned, articulated dougong in the eaves (miyan) and multiple stories (louge).[2] The exterior features more than fifty different varieties of glazed brick and 1,600 intricate and richly detailed carvings, including those of standing and sitting Buddha, standing monks, singers and flying dancers, flowers, lions, dragons and other legendary beasts as well as many fine engravings. Under the eaves are 104 bells that ring in the wind. The foundation rests in the silt of the Yellow River.[3] Inside the Iron Pagoda are frescos of the classical Chinese tales, such the Journey to the West.[4]


In the [6]

In 1994, the Iron Pagoda was featured on a two-yuan Chinese postage stamp.[7]


See also


  1. ^ (2003). Iron Pagoda. Ministry of Culture. Retrieved on 2007-03-29.
  2. ^ a b Daiheng, Gao (2002). Chinese Architecture -- The Lia, Song, Xi Xia, and Jin Dynasties (English ed.). Yale University Press. pp. 166, 183.  
  3. ^ a b "Iron Pagoda". China Culture. Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  4. ^ Harper, Damian (2005). China. Lonely Planet.  
  5. ^ a b Needham, Joseph; Gwei-Djen, Lu; Wang, Ling (1971). "Science and Civilisation in China, volume 4, part 3, Civil Engineering and Nautics". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 81–82.  
  6. ^ "Youguo Temple Iron Pagoda in Kaifeng of Henan Province". Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  7. ^ "1994-21: Pagodas of Ancient China - 1994". Archived from the original on 2007-09-21. Retrieved 2007-09-04. 

External links

  • Iron Pagoda at Ctrip
  • Iron Pagoda at CRIENGLISH

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.