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Hajji

Hajji (sometimes spelled Hadji, Haji, Alhaji, Al hage, Al hag or El-Hajj) is an honorific title given to a Muslim person who has successfully completed the Hajj to Mecca,[1] as well as a derogatory term used by a lot of people towards Arabs, Muslims and Middle Easterners in general. In its traditional context, it is often used to refer to an elder, since it can take time to accumulate the wealth to fund the travel. The title is placed before a person's name (for instance, Saif Gani becomes Hajji Saif Gani). It is derived from the Arabic ḥājj, which is the active participle of the verb ḥajja 'to make the pilgrimage [to Mecca]'. The alternative form ḥajjī is derived from the name of the Hajj with the adjectival suffix -ī, and this was the form adopted by non-Arabic languages. In some areas, the title has been handed down the generations, and has become a family name. Such usage can be seen, for example, in the Bosniak surname Hadžiosmanović, which means 'son of Hajji Osman'.

Contents

  • In other languages 1
  • Use 2
  • Racial slur 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

In other languages

Arabic: حاجḥājj or حجّي ḥajjī, Egyptian Arabic: ḥagg  pronounced ; Persian and Pashto: حاجی; Greek: Χατζής; Albanian: Haxhi; Bulgarian: Хаджия; Bosnian: Hadžija; Belarusian: Хаджы; Kurdish: Hecî; Serbian: Хаџи, Hadži; Turkish: Hacı; Hausa: Alhaji; Romanian: hagiu. All mean "pilgrim".

Women who complete the Hajj are referred to as Hajjah or حاجة ḥājjah,[2] Egyptian Arabic: ḥagga or in Hausa/Fulani/Yoruba: Alhaja.

Use

In Arab countries, ḥājj and ḥājjah (pronunciation varying based on the form of Arabic spoken) is a common respectful manner of addressing any older person, regardless of whether or not the person in question has actually performed the pilgrimage.

The term is also used in the Balkan Christian countries that were once under Ottoman domination (Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece, Montenegro, Macedonia and Romania) for a Christian who had traveled to Jerusalem and the Holy Lands.[3]

In Cyprus, where for centuries Christians and Muslims intermixed freely and Jerusalem is conveniently local, the title became so prevalent as to be permanently integrated into some Greek Christian family names, such as Hajiioannou, regardless of any lack of qualification.

Racial slur

Hajji, Haji or Hodgie is more recently used as a derogatory term by a lot of people as a comprehensive term for Iraqis, Arabs, Afghans, or Middle Eastern and South Asian people in general. It is comparable to the term "gook," used by U.S military personnel during the Vietnam War.[4][5][6][7]

See also

References

  1. ^ Malise Ruthven (1997). Islam: A very short introduction.  
  2. ^ "Guide to going to Mecca". BBC. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  3. ^ "Jerusalem and Ancient Temples (in Greek)". apologitis.com. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  4. ^ http://www.mca-marines.org/gazette/article/put-%E2%80%98haji%E2%80%99-rest
  5. ^ "Learning to 'embrace the suck' in Iraq" - http://articles.latimes.com/2007/jan/28/opinion/op-bay28
  6. ^ Slang from Operation Iraqi Freedom http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/iraq-slang.htm
  7. ^ Herbert, Bob (May 2, 2005). "'"From 'Gook' to 'Raghead. The New York Times. 
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