World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article




Chichawatni is located in Pakistan
Location of Chichawatni within Pakistan.
Country Pakistan
Province/state Punjab
Population (1998)
 • Total 72,261
 • Estimate (2011) 160,000
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Calling code 040
Number of towns 1
Number of union councils 3

Chichawatni (Urdu: چِيچہ وطنى‎) is a city in the Sahiwal District of the Pakistani province of Punjab.[1] Situated near the Grand Trunk Road, it lies approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) from the district capital, Sahiwal.[2] In 2011, Chichawatni's population was estimated at approximately 160,000.


  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
  • Overview 3
    • Forest division 3.1
    • Cattle market 3.2
    • Kabbadi stadium 3.3
    • Educational institutions 3.4
    • Rail links 3.5
  • Government investment 4
  • Notable people from Chichawatni 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


There are two leading folk etymologies proposed for the name Chichawatni. The first asserts that the 7th century Raja Dahir named the town Chichawatni – meaning "City of Chach" – for his father, Maharaja Chach of Alor. According to the second etymology, the name is derived from a Hindu family who lived in the area in antiquity, with the father of the family being named Chicha and the mother Watni.


From the beginning of the 7th century Rajput Bhatti kingdoms dominated Eastern portions of Pakistan and northern India. In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of some western Punjab region. Eastern Regions of Punjab from Multan to the Rawalpindi in north (Including region of present-day Faisalabad) remained under Rajput rule until 1193. The Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire later ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh Empire invaded and occupied Sahiwal District. The Muslims faced restrictions during the Sikh rule. During the British Raj, Chichawatni was reputedly transformed from a small Punjabi village into a relatively modern city by infrastructure investment and planning decrees, starting in 1918. At the time of the independence in 1947, many aristocratic Indian Muslim families migrated from Punjab towns like Ludhiana, Jallandhar, Amritsar and Firozpur, and settled in towns like Chichawatni, shaping the city's present-day Muslim elite. The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Sahiwal District.


Chichawatni presently serves as the main city of Sahiwal Division, and is administratively subdivided into three City Union Councils and 34 rural Union Councils.[1] It is also the headquarters of Chichawatni Tehsil. It lies approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the ancient Upper Indus site of Harappa, and is consequently a popular stop-over for tourists. It furthermore serves as the educational hub for many local villages, offering several colleges and institutions for higher education. Punjabi is the most-spoken language in Sahiwal, including Chichawatni,[3] although Urdu is also commonly spoken.

Forest division

Forested land near Chichawatni.

Chichawatni is the headquarters of a Pakistani

  • Satellite view of Chichawatni
  • Tehsil Chichawatni

External links

  1. ^ a b Tehsils & Unions in the District of Sahiwal – Government of Pakistan. Retrieved on 2012-03-04.
  2. ^ Location of Chichawatni. Falling Rain. Retrieved 2012-02-11.
  3. ^ Sahiwal. Retrieved 31 December 2012.
  4. ^ Asian Vulture Crisis Archives - Summary of Field Study Results from Pakistan for the Breeding Season 2000/2001. Peregrine Fund, 2 December 2001. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
  5. ^ New Campuses – Punjab Group. Retrieved on 2012-03-04.
  6. ^ Govt. Crescent College. Retrieved on 2012-03-04.
  7. ^ Schooling Log Pakistan :: Government Girls High School CRESCENT CHICHAWATNI, CHICHAWATANI, SAHIWAL, Punjab. (2011-02-02). Retrieved on 2012-03-04.
  8. ^ TMA Chichawatni Website. Retrieved on 2012-03-04.
  9. ^ The Computer Scientists. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
  10. ^ "الطاف حسین صہیونی ایجنڈے پر کام کررہے ہیں‘ عبداللطیف خالد".  
  11. ^ Govt. Post Graduate College Sahiwal. 2009. Retrieved 2012-04-04.


See also

Notable people from Chichawatni

In recent years, the Government of Punjab has invested significantly into education in Chichawatni, leading to a rapid increase in the local literacy rate. In partnership with private interests, local authorities have also invested into ICT education, improving the computer skills of school and college students in Chichawatni.[9] Numerous municipal parks and museums have also been constructed with government aid.

Government investment

In 1918, Chichawatni's first railway station was constructed, but its position – in the largely impassable forest to the north of the town – made it difficult to reach, despite the expansion of the station in 1927. In July 2007, a new and more accessible railway station was constructed in Chichawatni, with the sanction of then-Prime Minister Zafarullah Jamali.

Rail links

  • Govt high school
  • Punjab Science School and College
  • Government College of Commerce
  • Darul Uloom Khatm-e-Nubuwwat (an Islamic institution)
  • Dawn Cadet High School
  • The Educators College
  • Unique Public Higher Secondary School
  • Al-Falah Public Higher Secondary School
  • Punjab Group of Colleges (Chichawatni Campus)[5]
  • Government Crescent College (for girls)[6]
  • Government Crescent Girls High School[7]
  • Government Degree College
  • Government High School (for boys)
  • Government M.C. High School (for boys)[8]
  • Pass School & Computer College

Chichawatni is home to numerous institutions of secondary and tertiary education, including:

Educational institutions

Kabbadi – a team sport similar to wrestling – is popular in Chichawatni, which is home to one of the few floodlit Kabbadi stadiums in Pakistan. The town has played host to numerous Kabbadi championships.

Floodlit Kabbadi stadium in Chichawatni.

Kabbadi stadium

Chichawatni's cattle market, known as Mandi Muwaishiyan, is among the largest in Pakistan. Typically, the market runs from the 21st of each month to the end of the month, with its business peaking in three first days.

Cattle market


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.