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Bolivian general election, 1997

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Title: Bolivian general election, 1997  
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Subject: Movement for Socialism – Political Instrument for the Sovereignty of the Peoples
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Bolivian general election, 1997

General elections were held in Bolivia on 1 June 1997.[1] As no candidate for the presidency received over 50% of the vote, the National Congress was required to elect a President on 4 August. Hugo Banzer of Nationalist Democratic Action (ADN) was subsequently elected. Whilst the ADN emerged as the largest party in Congress, it failed to win a majority of seats, and formed a coalition government with the Revolutionary Left Movement, Conscience of Fatherland and the Civic Solidarity Union.[2]


Economic and social issues dominated the campaign, with all major parties promising to continue the free market policies implemented by outgoing President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada. Whilst Revolutionary Nationalist Movement leader Juan Carlos Duran emphasised the free market reforms, ADN leader Hugo Banzer promised to improve the lives of the indigenous population.[2]


Party Presidential candidate Votes % Seats
Chamber +/– Senate +/–
ADNNFRPDC Hugo Banzer 484,705 22.2 32 11
Revolutionary Nationalist Movement Juan Carlos Durán 396,235 18.2 26 5
CONDEPA–MP Remedios Loza Alvarado 373,528 17.1 19 +6 3 +2
Revolutionary Left Movement Jaime Paz Zamora 365,005 16.7 23 6
Civic Solidarity Union Ivo Kuljis 350,728 16.1 21 +1 2 +1
United Left Alejandro Véliz Lazo 80,806 3.7 4 +4 0 0
Free Bolivia Movement Miguel Urioste 67,244 3.0 5 –2 0 0
Socialist Vanguard of Bolivia Jerjes Justiniano Talavera 30,212 1.4 0 New 0 New
Axis of Patriotic Accordance Ramiro Barrenechea 18,327 0.8 0 –1 0 0
Bolivian Democratic Party Eudoro Galindo 10,381 0.5 0 New 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 143,946
Total 2,321,117 100 130 0 27 0
Registered votes/turnout 3,252,501 71.4
Source: Nohlen

Congressional ballot

Hugo Banzer was supported by his ADNNFRPDC alliance, as well as the Revolutionary Left Movement, Conscience of Fatherland and the Civic Solidarity Union. His only opponent, Juan Carlos Durán, was only supported by his own Revolutionary Nationalist Movement party. The United Left and the Free Bolivia Movement did not support either candidate.

Candidate Party Votes %
Hugo Banzer ADNNFRPDC 118 79.7
Juan Carlos Durán Revolutionary Nationalist Movement 30 20.3
Invalid/blank votes 0
Total 148 100
Registered voters/turnout 157 94.3
Source: Centellas

See also

  • Bolivian National Congress, 1997–2002


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