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Battle of Delhi (1803)

Battle of Delhi
Part of the Second Anglo-Maratha War
Date 11 September 1803
Location Delhi, Maratha Empire
Result British victory
Belligerents
British East India Company Maratha Empire
*Daulat Rao Scindia
Commanders and leaders
Gerard Lake Louis Bourquin
Strength
4,500 17,000
Casualties and losses
estimated 464 - 485 men killed or wounded.[1][2] estimated 3,000 killed or wounded[3]

The Battle of Delhi took place on 11 September 1803 during the Second Anglo-Maratha War, between British troops under General Lake, and Marathas of Scindia's army under General Louis Bourquin and Wable Sardar. The battle was fought at Patparganj, right across Yamuna River from Humayun's Tomb, also giving the battle its local name.[4]

A map of the battle

The Marathas initially occupied a strong position with the Yamuna River in their rear. But, General Gerard Lake, feigning a retreat, drew them from their lines and then turning upon them drove them with the bayonet into the river, inflicting more losses upon them. Finally, the city of Delhi fell three days later. As a result, the control of the city of Delhi passed from the Marathas to the British.[5]

A monument was later erected at the site in Patparganj, marked out by a surrounding ditch, commemorating Cornet Sanguine and British soldiers who fell during the battle.[6]

References

  1. ^ "Battles of the Honourable East India Company: Making of the Raj - M. S. Naravane - Google Books". Google Books. Retrieved 7 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Naravane, M.S. (2014). Battles of the Honorourable East India Company. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. pp. 76–77.  
  3. ^ "Battles of the Honourable East India Company: Making of the Raj - M. S. Naravane - Google Books". Google Books. Retrieved 7 September 2014. 
  4. ^ Fanshawe, p. 232.
  5. ^ Delhi, the Capital of India By Anon, John Capper, p.28
  6. ^ Jadunath Sarkar (1992). Fall Of The Mughal Empire Vol.5 (1789-1803). Orient Blackswan. p. 245.  
  • Fanshawe, Herbert Charles. Delhi past and present p. 68
  • Marshman, John Clark. , Volume 2The History of India, from the earliest period to the close Lord Dalhousie's administration

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