World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Amy Beach

Article Id: WHEBN0000410203
Reproduction Date:

Title: Amy Beach  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: WikiProject Opera/OotM/December2006, Second New England School, List of female composers by birth year, Andrew Kuster, The opera corpus
Collection: 1867 Births, 1944 Deaths, 19Th-Century Classical Composers, 20Th-Century American Musicians, 20Th-Century Classical Composers, American Classical Composers, American Classical Pianists, American Female Classical Composers, American Opera Composers, American People of English Descent, Child Classical Musicians, Female Classical Composers, Musicians from Boston, Massachusetts, Opera Composers, People from Boston, Massachusetts, People from Henniker, New Hampshire, Romantic Composers, Women Classical Pianists
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Amy Beach

Amy Beach
Amy Marcy Cheney Beach

(September 5, 1867 – December 27, 1944) was an American composer and pianist. She was the first successful American female composer of large-scale art music. Most of her compositions and performances were under the name Mrs. H.H.A. Beach.


  • Early years 1
  • Career 2
  • Music 3
  • Tributes 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • Selected discography 7
  • External links 8

Early years

Amy Beach was born in Handel, Beethoven, Chopin, and her own pieces.

In 1875, Beach's family moved to Chelsea, Boston,[1] where they were advised to enter her into a European conservatory. Her parents opted for local training, hiring Ernst Perabo and later Carl Baermann as piano teachers. At age fourteen, Amy received her only formal training in composition with Junius W. Hill, with whom she studied harmony and counterpoint for a year. Other than this year of training, as a composer Amy was self-taught; she often learned by studying much earlier works, such as Bach's The Well-Tempered Clavier'→'


Amy Beach in 1908

Beach made her professional debut in Boston in 1883, playing Chopin's Rondo in E-flat and Moscheles's G minor Concerto; shortly after she appeared as a soloist with the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Following her marriage in 1885 to Dr. Henry Harris Aubrey Beach – a Boston surgeon 24 years older than she – she agreed to limit performances to two public recitals a year, with profits donated to charity. Following her husband's wishes, she devoted herself to composition. Her first major success was the Mass in E-flat major, which was performed in 1892 by the Handel and Haydn Society. The well-received performance of the Mass moved Beach into the rank of America's foremost composers. She composed the Jubilate for the dedication of the Woman's Building at the Columbian Exposition in 1893.

After her husband died in 1910, Beach toured Europe for three years as a pianist, playing her own compositions. She was determined to establish a reputation there as both a performer and composer. She returned to America in 1914, where she spent time at the

  • Free scores by Amy Beach at the International Music Score Library Project
  • - Biography, Bibliography, Discography, Music Manuscripts, Photo Gallery, etc.
  • Amy Beach at Music of the United States of America (MUSA)
  • The Lied and Art Song Texts Page Amy Marcy Cheney Beach: titles of her songs, in alphabetic order.
  • Sheet Music for "June", op. 51, no. 3, words by Erich Jansen; English text by Isidora Martinez; A.P. Schmidt Company, 1903.
  • The Amy Cheney Beach Collection at the Miller Nichols Library of the University of Missouri – Kansas City
  • The Amy Cheney Beach Collection at the University of New Hampshire Library
  • MRS. H. H. A. BEACH: AMERICAN SYMPHONIST by Eugene Gates, Kapralova Society Journal.
  • Video (09:49) "Summer Dreams" Op. 47 (1901) on YouTube
  • Video (20:54) "Theme and Variations" Op. 80 (1916) on YouTube
  • Virginia Eskin & David Dubal discuss Amy Beach on YouTube, WNCN-FM, April 1, 1983
  • "The Lotos Isles" on The Art Song Project

External links

  • Amy Beach, Piano Music, Vol. 1, The Early Works, Kirsten Johnson, piano, Guild GMCD 7317
  • Amy Beach, Piano Music, Vol. 2, The Turn of the Century, Kirsten Johnson, piano, Guild GMCD 7329
  • Amy Beach, Piano Concerto in C sharp minor with pianist Alan Feinberg and the Symphony in E minor ("Gaelic"). Performed by the Nashville Symphony Orchestra conducted by Kenneth Schermerhorn. Naxos 8559139
  • Amy Beach, Sonata for Violin and Piano in A minor; Quartet for Strings; Pastorale for Wind Quintet; and Sketches (4) for Piano, Dreaming. Performed by the Ambache Chamber Ensemble. Chandos Records 10162
  • Amy Beach, Sonata for Violin and Piano in A minor, Op. 34 (1895) Performed by the Arcos Trio. Big Sky, White Pine Music WCD202, 2008.
  • Amy Beach, Songs. Sung by mezzo soprano Katherine Kelton and accompanied by pianist Catherine Bringerud. Naxos 8559191
  • Amy Beach, Grand Mass in E-flat major. Performed by Stow Festival Chorus and Orchestra. Albany Records, 1995.
  • Amy Beach, Canticle of the Sun, Op. 123; Invocation for the Violin, Op. 55; With Prayer and Supplicaton, Op. 8; Te Deum, from Service in A, Op. 63; Constant Christmas, Op. 95; On a Hill; Kyrie eleison, Op. 122; Sanctus, Op. 122; Agnus Dei, Op. 122; Spirit of Mercy, Op. 125; Evening Hymn, Op. 125; I Will Give Thanks, Op. 147; Peace I leave With You, Op. 8. Performed by Capitol Hill Choral Society. Albany Records, 1998.

Selected discography

  • Adrienne Fried Block, Amy Beach, Passionate Victorian: The Life and Work of an American Composer, 1867–1944 (Oxford University Press, 1998)
  • Amy Beach, The Sea-Fairies: Opus 59, edited by Andrew Thomas Kuster (Madison, WI: A-R Editions, 1999) ISBN 0-89579-435-7
  • Beach, Mrs. H. H. A. and Francis, of Assisi, Saint, The Canticle of the Sun Betty Buchanan (ed.), Matthew Arnold (tr.) (Madison, WI: A-R Editions, 2006) Recent researches in American music, v. 57.
  • Block, Adrienne Fried: "Amy Beach", Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed 1 October 2006), [2]
  • Block, Adrienne Fried, ed. (1994). Quartet for Strings (In One Movement), Opus 89. Music of the United States of America (MUSA) vol. 3. Madison, Wisconsin: A-R Editions.
  • Brown, Jeanell Wise. "Amy Beach and Her Chamber Music: Biography, Documents, Style". Metuchen, NJ: The Scarecrow Press, 1994.
  • Jenkins, Walter S. The Remarkable Mrs. Beach, American Composer: A Biographical Account Based on Her Diaries, Letters, Newspaper Clippings, and Personal Reminiscences, edited by John H. Baron (Warren, MI: Harmonie Park Press, 1994).
  • Jezic, Diane Peacock. "Women Composers: The Lost Tradition Found, Second Edition". New York: The Feminist Press, 1994.

Further reading

  1. ^ Fried Block, Adrienne (1998). Amy Beach: Passionate Victorian 1867-1944. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 7.  
  2. ^ Rita Beatie, "A Forgotten Legacy: The Songs of the 'Boston Group'", NATS Journal 48 no. 1 (Sept-Oct 1991): 6-9, 37.
  3. ^ "Amy Beach's Music on Native American Themes", Adrienne Fried Block, American Music, Vol. 8, No. 2 (Summer 1990), pp. 141–166. Published by University of Illinois Press. Article DOI: 10.2307/3051947.
  4. ^ Eve Rose Meyer, "Composer's Corner: Amy Beach Joins the Ranks of Honored Composers," International Alliance for Women in Music 5 nos. 2-3 (1999): 20.
  5. ^ Music Clubs Magazine, World Music News, Spring 1996, 20.


In 1994, the Women's Heritage Trail placed a bronze plaque at her Boston Address, and in 1995, Beach's gravesite at Forest Hills Cemetery was dedicated.[5]

On July 9, 2000 at Boston's famous Handel, Chopin, Debussy, MacDowell, and Beethoven. Amy Beach is the only woman composer on the granite wall. Beach was put into the American Classical Music Hall of Fame and Museum in Cincinnati, Ohio, on April 24, 1999.[4]


In the early 1890s, Beach started to become interested in folk songs. She shared that interest with several of her colleagues, and this interest soon came to be the first nationalist movement in American music. Beach's contributions included about thirty songs inspired by folk music, including Scottish; Irish; Balkan; African-American; and Native-American origins, of which she composed five themes.[3]

She was most popular, however, for her songs. "The Year's At the Spring" from Three Browning Songs, Op. 44 is perhaps Beach's most well-known work. Despite the volume and popularity of the songs during her lifetime, no single-composer song collection of Beach's works exists. Select works may be purchased through Hildegard Publishing Company and Masters Music Publication, Inc.

Her sacred choral works include a settings of the Te Deum first performed by the choir of men and boys at Emmanuel Episcopal Church in Boston, St. Francis's Canticle of the Sun first performed at St. Bartholomew's in New York, and a dozen other pieces, which were extensively researched in the 1990s by Betty Buchanan, Musical Director of the Capitol Hill Choral Society in Washington, D.C.

Beach's compositions include the Mass in E-flat major (1892), the Gaelic Symphony (1896), a violin sonata, a piano concerto, a piano quintet and a piano trio, several choral and chamber music compositions, piano music (including the Variations on Balkan Themes), approximately 150 songs and the opera Cabildo (1932).

A member of the "Horatio Parker.[2] Her writing is mainly in a Romantic idiom, often compared to that of Brahms or Rachmaninoff. In her later works she experimented, moving away from tonality, employing whole tone scales and more exotic harmonies and techniques.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.