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Allium neapolitanum

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Title: Allium neapolitanum  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of onion cultivars, Invasive plant species, Allium, Snow Mountain Garlic, Solo garlic
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Allium neapolitanum

Neapolitan Garlic
Allium neapolitanum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. neapolitanum
Binomial name
Allium neapolitanum

Allium neapolitanum (Neapolitan Garlic,[2] Naples Garlic, Daffodil Garlic, False Garlic, Flowering Onion, Naples Onion, Guernsey Star-of-Bethlehem, Star, White Garlic, Wood Garlic) is a perennial bulbous plant in the onion subfamily within the Amaryllis family.

Its native range extends across the Mediterranean Region from Portugal to Turkey.[3][4]The species is naturalized in other areas, including Pakistan, Australia, New Zealand, and in southern and western parts of the United States. It is classed as an invasive species in parts of the U.S.,[5] and is found primarily in the U.S. states of California, Texas, Louisiana, and Florida.[6][7]

Allium neapolitanum is cultivated by gardeners for its ornamental value. It produces round bulbs up to 2 cm across. Scape is up to 25 cm tall, round in cross-section but sometimes has wings toward the bottom. Inflorescence is an umbel of up to 25 white flowers with yellow anthers.[6][7][8][9]

Allium neapolitanum seems to have beta-adrenergic antagonist properties.[10]


  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^
  3. ^ Kew Botanical Gardens, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Allium neapolitanum Cirillo
  4. ^ Allium neapolitanumAltervista Flora Italiana,
  5. ^ United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile
  6. ^ a b Allium neapolitanumAllium flower,
  7. ^ a b Allium neapolitanumFlora of North America v 26 p 257
  8. ^ Cirillo, Domenico Maria Leone. 1788. Plantarum Rariorum Regni Neapolitani 1: 13.
  9. ^ Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  10. ^

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