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Allium chinense

Chinese onion
Chinese scallion
Japanese scallion
Kiangsi scallion
Oriental onion
Allium chinense
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. chinense
Binomial name
Allium chinense
G.Don.[1]
Synonyms[1]

Allium chinense (commonly known as, variously Chinese onion,[2][3] Chinese scallion,[2] Japanese scallion,[2] Kiangsi scallion,[3] and Oriental onion[2]) is an edible species of onion, native to China and cultivated in many other countries.[4] It is known by these other names in other languages: in Japanese: ラッキョウ (rakkyō), also written as 辣韮, 辣韭, or 薤; in Chinese: (xiè) or 藠头 (jiàotou); in Vietnamese: củ kiệu.

Contents

  • Distribution 1
  • Uses 2
    • Culinary 2.1
    • Medicinal 2.2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Distribution

Allium chinense is native to China (in Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, and Zhejiang provinces) plus in areas where it is also deliberately planted. It is naturalized in other parts of Asia as well as in North America.[2][5][6]

Uses

Culinary

Owing to its very mild and "fresh" taste A. chinense is often pickled and served as a side dish in Japan and Vietnam, to balance the stronger flavor of some other component in a meal. For example, in Japanese cuisine it is eaten with Japanese curry (to balance the spiciness).

In Vietnam, pickled A. chinense is often served during Tết (Vietnamese New Year).

Medicinal

Allium chinense is used as a folk medicine in tonics to help the intestines, and as a stomachic.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Allium chinense". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.  
  2. ^ a b c d e  
  3. ^ a b Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database: Allium. University of Melbourne. Updated 3 August 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
  4. ^ G. Don, Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 83. 1827.Allium chinense jiao tou 藠头Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 196
  5. ^ Allium chinensePlants For A Future:
  6. ^ Allium chinenseUnited States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile:
  7. ^ James A. Duke. (LILIACEAE)"Allium chinense". Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. Retrieved 2011-05-13. 

External links

  • at Tropicos.orgAllium chinenseBotanical drawing of

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

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