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Allium bolanderi

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Allium bolanderi

Bolander's onion
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. bolanderi
Binomial name
Allium bolanderi
S.Wats.
Synonyms[1]
  • Allium bolanderi var. stenanthum (Drew) Jeps.
  • Allium stenanthum Drew

Allium bolanderi is a species of wild onion known by the common name Bolander's onion. It is native to northern California and southwestern Oregon, where it grows in the rocky soils of the Klamath Mountains and surrounding regions.[2][3][4]

Allium bolanderi grows from an oval-shaped bulb up to 2 centimeters long with associated rhizomes. The stem reaches about 35 centimeters in maximum height and there are two or three long, cylindrical leaves about the same length as the stem. The inflorescence contains 10 to 20 reddish-purple, or occasionally white, flowers, each with very finely toothed tepals.[5][6][7]

Two varieties are recognized:[1][5]

  • Allium bolanderi var. bolanderi
  • Allium bolanderi var. mirabile (L.F.Hend.) McNeal[8]

References

  1. ^ a b The Plant List
  2. ^ Jepson Manual Treatment
  3. ^ USDA Plants Profile
  4. ^ Photo gallery
  5. ^ a b Allium bolanderiFlora of North America v 26 p 259
  6. ^ Watson, Sereno. 1879. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 14: 229.
  7. ^ Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. California Flora 1–1681. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  8. ^ McNeal, Dale W. 1992. Phytologia 73(4): 307.


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