World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Allium ampeloprasum

Article Id: WHEBN0001992231
Reproduction Date:

Title: Allium ampeloprasum  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Leek, Allium, Elephant garlic, Flat Holm, Flora of Lebanon
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Allium ampeloprasum

wild leek or elephant garlic
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. ampeloprasum
Binomial name
Allium ampeloprasum

Allium ampeloprasum is a member of the onion genus Allium. The wild plant is commonly known as wild leek or broadleaf wild leek. Its native range is southern Europe to western Asia, but it is cultivated in many other places and has become naturalized in many countries.

Allium ampeloprasum is regarded as native to all the countries bordering on the Black, Adriatic, and Mediterranean Seas from Portugal to Egypt to Romania. In Russia and Ukraine, it is considered invasive except in Crimea, where it is native. It is also native to Ethiopia, Uzbekistan, Iran and Iraq. It is considered naturalized in the United Kingdom, Ireland, the Czech Republic, the Baltic States, Belarus, the Azores, Madeira, the Canary Islands, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Pakistan, China, Australia (all states except Queensland and Tasmania), Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Haiti, the United States (southeastern region plus California, New York State, Ohio and Illinois), Galápagos, and Argentina.[2][3][4][5][6]

The species may have been introduced to Britain by prehistoric people, where its habitat consists of rocky places near the coast in south-west England and Wales.[7][8]

Allium ampeloprasum has been differentiated into three cultivated vegetables, namely leek, elephant garlic and kurrat. In tidewater Virginia, the plant is commonly known as the "Yorktown Onion."[9]

Wild populations produce bulbs up to 3 cm across. Scapes are round in cross-section, each up to 180 cm tall, bearing an umbel of as many as 500 flowers. Flowers are urn-shaped, up to 6 mm across; tepals white, pink or red; anthers yellow or purple; pollen yellow.[3][10]


  • Vernacular names 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Vernacular names

Allium ampeloprasum comprises several vegetables, of which the most important ones are known as

  • leek (English), poireau (French), alho porro (Portuguese), puerro (also ajo porro, cebolla puerro or cebolla larga) (Spanish);
  • great-headed garlic, elephant garlic (English), ail à grosse tête (French);
  • pearl onion (English), poireau perpétuel, petit poireau antillais (French), alho bravo, alho inglês (Portuguese)
  • kurrat (English, French) (Arabic: كراث‎).[7][11]
  • تره (Tareh) (Allium ampeloprasum ssp. persicum) (Persian)
  • இராகூச்சிட்டம் (Iraakuuccittam) (Tamil)
  • ګندنه (Gandana, Pashto)
  • गंधना/गंदना (Gandhna, Gandana: Hindi)
  • Maroy napakpi (Meetei)

See also


  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ Allium ampeloprasumKew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families,
  3. ^ a b Allium ampeloprasum'Flora of North America v 26 p 238,
  4. ^ Allium ampeloprasum'BONAP (Biota of North America Program) floristic synthesis,
  5. ^ Allium porrumFlora of China v 24 p 200,
  6. ^ Altervista, Schede di Botanica
  7. ^ a b Plants for a Future: Allium ampeloprasum
  8. ^ CHRISTOPHER D. PRESTON, DAVID A. PEARMAN, ALLAN R. HALL (2004) Archaeophytes in Britain Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 145 (3), 257–294 doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2004.00284.x, p. 264
  9. ^ - Yorktown Onion
  10. ^ Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  11. ^ Grubben, G.J.H. & Denton, O.A. (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. Vegetables. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen.

External links

  • Allium ampeloprasumPROTAbase on
  • in GuernseyAllium ampeloprasum
  • in the USAAllium ampeloprasum
  • Plants For a Future database
  • Flora of Israel Online
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.