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KA Commuter Jabodetabek

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KA Commuter Jabodetabek

KA Commuter Jabodetabek
Overview
Owner PT Kereta Api Indonesia
Locale Jabodetabek (Jakarta Metropolitan Area)
Transit type Public transport, Commuter rail
Number of lines 6 (1 inactive)
Number of stations 80 (6 inactive)
Website http://www.krl.co.id/
Operation
Began operation April 6, 1925 (as Dutch Colonial Railways or Staats Spoorwegen);
2000 (under PT Kereta Api, as "Jabotabek Division");
September 15, 2008 (under PT KCJ and current branding)
Operator(s) PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek (KCJ)
Train length 4, 6, 8, or 10 cars per trainset
Headway 5 - 8 minute(s)
Technical
System length 235 km (146 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC overhead catenary
Average speed 40 km/h (25 mph)
Top speed 90 km/h (55 mph)
System map

KA Commuter Jabodetabek (current name) or commonly known as KRL Jabodetabek (old name) is a commuter rail system in the Jakarta metropolitan area in Indonesia. The commonly used term of KRL Jabodetabek is an acronym for "Kereta Rel Listrik Jakarta Bogor Depok Tangerang Bekasi" translated as "Jabodetabek's Electric Trains".

KA Commuter serves commuters in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, South Tangerang, and Bekasi. The current rolling stock are mostly ex-Tokyo Metro, Toei Subway, Japan Railways and Tokyu trains and some are from PT Industri Kereta Api (PT INKA) a subsidiaries of PTKA, Indonesian National Railways Company.

KA Commuter Jabodetabek are operated by PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek (PT KCJ), another subsidiaries of PTKA.

History

In 1923, before Indonesian declaration of independence, Staats Spoorwegen (SS), a Dutch colonial railways company, built the first electrified railway from Tanjung Priok to Meester Cornelis (Jatinegara) and began operation in 1925 with 3000 series locomotives from SLM–BBC (Swiss Locomotive and Machine Works - Brown Boveri & Cie), 3100 series electric locomotives from AEG Germany, 3200 series locomotives from Werkspoor Netherlands and passenger coaches from Westinghouse and General Electric. The electrification project continued in 1927 in an existing railway which served around Batavia and neighboring cities.

After independence in 1945, the railway operation was taken over by Djawatan Kereta Api Repoeblik Indonesia (Indonesian Railways Bureau, now PT Kereta Api). In 1976, the old locomotives and coaches were replaced with electric trains from Japan. The commuter system was started in 2000, integrating railway lines covered under PTKA's Division of First Operational Areas (Daop 1 Jakarta) and the said area was taken under its subsidiary, PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek, in 2008.

The modernization of the commuter railway system was started in 2011, which reduced the number of lines from 37 to 6 current integrated lines, removal of express class services, and simplifying the classes into 2 train classes (Economy class or non-air-conditioned train which is subsidized by Ministry of Transportation and Commuter class or air-conditioned train) which stops at every station. Due to extreme crowding, unruly passengers (colloquially called Atappers) had been riding on top of the trains en masse, but that has since been brought under control with physical barriers. In July 2013, the operator introduced the Commet (Commuter Electronic Ticketing) system replacing the old paper ticket system and changing the old fare system into 'progressive fare' system, as well as modernization of all 80 serving stations. To improve passenger comfort, all non-airconditioned Economy class services are discontinued and replaced with air-conditioned train services.[1]

Starting on April 1, 2015 the trip per day become 872 which mostly are still dominant by Bogor/Depok route and Bekasi route with 391 trips and 153 trips per day, respectively. Headway of Bogor route is 5 minutes, while Bekasi route is still 12 minutes.[2]

In July 2015, KA Commuter Jabodetabek served more than 850,000 passengers per day, which is approaching triple the 2011 figures, but still less than 3.5% of all Jabodetabek commutes.[3] It is predicted will serve 1.2 million passengers per day in 2019.[4]

Service Routes

Since the modernization project in 2011, the system has 7 integrated commuter lines which serve Greater Jakarta. The network route map recognised by color coded and destination of final station. The code number stated is for reference only.

Line Route Stations served Length Fully Operated
Jakarta - Bogor Jakarta Kota to Depok/Bogor 25 54.6 km 1930
Jakarta Loopline Jatinegara to Depok/Bogor 30 71.8 km 1987
Duri to Nambo 20 50.8 km 2015
Jakarta - South Tangerang Tanah Abang to Serpong/Parung Panjang/Maja 19 55.7 km 2013
Jakarta - Bekasi Jakarta Kota to Bekasi 18 27.4 km 1987
Jakarta - Tangerang Duri to Tangerang 9 18.9 km 1997
Tanjung Priok Line Jakarta Kota to Tanjung Priok 4 7.9 km (total) 1.6 km (operated) Currently only service Jakarta Kota - Kampung Bandan.
  • All Jakarta-Bogor route ( and ) also serving some trains that stops at Depok Station and travel back to Jakarta (without continuing to Bogor).
  • Jakarta - South Tangerang have the majority of Tanah Abang - Serpong schedule with some services continuing to Parung Panjang and Maja prior to the track electrification program to Rangkasbitung.
  • Commuter line trains do not stop at Gambir.
  • Currently, pink line serving from Jakarta Kota to Kampung Bandan Station only, but Starting on April 1, 2015 Jakarta Kota - Tanjung Priok will be fully operated.[5]

Stations

List of stations

Main, Transit, and Terminus appear in bold.

KRL Jabotabek Express train headed by car 5017 at Jakarta Kota Station

List of Major Stations

Below are the list of main and terminus stations, some of them also servicing intercity train lines.
Station Lines Establishment Intercity/Local Station Type
Jakarta Kota 1926 Yes Commuter Terminus and Transit, and Local Terminus.
Gambir 1884 Yes Intercity Terminus
Manggarai 1918 Yes Commuter main transit
Jatinegara 1910 Yes Commuter terminus, transit and East Westbound Intercity stop
Tanah Abang 1910 Yes Commuter terminus and transit, West Intercity Terminus
Duri Yes Commuter terminus and transit, Local stop
Kampung Bandan No Commuter transit
Pasar Senen 1925 Yes Intercity terminus, Westbound Local stop and Northbound Commuter stop
Bogor 1881 Yes Commuter and South Local terminus (bogor Palendang station)
Bekasi Yes Commuter terminus, East Suburban transit and East Intercity transit (night-time only)
^a Currently, Gambir Station doesn't serve as commuter stop, because of busy intercity train services in Gambir. Passengers who travel to areas near Merdeka Square, can depart in neighboring Gondangdia or Juanda station.
^b South Local trains are operated by PTKA from a very close neighbouring station which is Bogor Palendang station, serving trips from Bogor to Sukabumi/Cianjur. Known as Pangrango/Siliwangi with Executive and Economy class passenger coaches pulled by locomotive.
^c Duri Station is planned to be the transit for Airport Commuter Train, which will be under construction in 2014.
^d Pasar Senen station only serve the Jatinegara - Depok/Bogor commuter service, while the Bogor/Depok - Jatinegara service doesn't stop here.

New stations

On 17 April 2012, PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek (KCJ) spokesman announced that the new stations will be built at:[6]

  • Roxy (Central Jakarta)
  • Matraman (East Jakarta)
  • Tomang (West Jakarta)
  • Bandengan (North Jakarta)
  • Sukaresmi (Bogor)

KCJ will also refurbished old stations at:

  • Mampang

Ticketing and fares

(in IDR)
First 25 kilometers 2,000
Every next 10 kilometers 1,000
Ticket deposit 10,000 (refundable)
Accepted cards COMMET
BCA Flazz
Mandiri e-money
BNI TAPCASH
BRIZZI
Multi trip (black) and single-trip (white) ticket of KA Commuter Jabodetabek

In July 2013, the new ticketing system was adopted along with new fare system. The new electronic ticket or COMMET (Commuter Electronic Ticketing) was applied to ease the passengers along the travels. In this new system, passengers are given a single-trip card at the ticket counter, which must be tapped in entry gate and inserted into exit gate at the destination station. The ticket counters also sell multi-trip cards, which are tapped both at entry gate and exit gate. The multi-trip card is priced at IDR 50,000 (with IDR 30,000 credit inside the card).[7] There were losses of around Rp4 billion from passengers not returning tickets and exiting not through exit gates. To prevent further losses, on August 22, 2013, the authority began to sell Tiket Harian Berjaminan (Daily Deposit Ticket) with deposit price of IDR 5,000 for the ticket (plus the train fare). The Daily Deposit Ticket is refundable for 7 days after the latest top-up date. Since December 9, 2013, passengers can use the BCA Flazz Card to travel by KRL Jabodetabek, which is currently used in Transjakarta Busway. [8] This soon followed by other prepaid cards. Since June 2014, Brizzi, Mandiri e-Money and BNI TAPCASH prepaid cards are usable for passenger use in the network, creating ease on the integration to Transjakarta since the cards are also eligible for use in the BRT network. [9]

The new fare system is called 'progressive fares', applicable to all lines. The fare is determined based on number of stations passed. The first five stations passed is charged at IDR 3000 and every next three stations charged at IDR 1000. Between July and November 2013, the charges were lowered to IDR 2000 and IDR 500 respectively, due to government subsidy.[10] After one week of implementation of the new reduced ticket fares, the passengers increased by 30 percent especially from white-collar workers and executives from about 300,000 to 390,000 passengers per day, because of the cheaper price and the cars being relatively clean, comfortable, and the services suit their schedules. To anticipate increasing ridership and to make the services more convenient in the future, in early August 2013, KCJ added 10 cars in Bogor, and will add up to 170 cars by 2014.[11] One year after e-ticket has been implemented, the passengers increase by 56.6 percent and who use multitrip e-ticket set at around 50 percent.[12] In September 2014, total passengers of KA Commuter Jabodetabek is in the range of 600,000 to 650,000 per day.[13]

On 1 April 2015 the station-based fare system changed into distance-based fare. Rp2,000 for the first 25 kilometer and Rp1,000 for the next 10 kilometer.[14]

Rolling stock

A commuter train arriving at Gambir Station (ex-Tokyu 8000 series)

Most of KRL Jabodetabek rolling stock are air-conditioned second-hand rail cars imported from Japan serving alongside a minority of domestically made air-conditioned cars made by INKA (Industri Kereta Api Indonesia- Indonesian local train manufacturer).

Train without air conditioning (mainly economy class) are no longer operated as PT. KCJ (the operator) begins the single-service operation of air-conditioned for KRL Jabodetabek which means all train must be air-conditioned. One set of ex-economy class (Holec) has been retrofitted with air conditioning by PT. INKA. Moreover, PT. KAI (parent company of KCJ) stated that the economy class train are not feasible to use and the maintenance cost is high due to old age of train (some were made in 1976).

Trains are generally formed of 6 or 8 cars, with a capacity of 80 - 110 passengers per car. With the arrival of the ex- Japanese JR 205 series, PT. Kereta Api Indonesia will begin operation of 10-cars-consisted trainset.

Most KRL Ekonomi will be scrapped, and some will be preserved if there is a plan to preserve the first modern EMU in Indonesia.

Non-AC rolling stock (All retired since 2013)

  • KRL Ekonomi Holec (Retired, some train was modified become KRD (Diesel Commuter Train))
  • KRL Ekonomi Rheostat (KL3 series) (scrapped or stored)
  • KRL Hitachi (stored)
  • KRL ABB Hyundai (Retired, some train was modified become KRD (Diesel Commuter Train))

AC rolling stock

Set 6115 operated by KRL Jabotabek in Jakarta, Indonesia, November 2011

Incidents and accidents

  • 23 September 2015 – A collision between two electric trains (KRL 1154 AND KRL 1156) at Juanda Station [15]
  • 09 December 2013 – A collision of KRL Serpong-Jakarta with Pertamina tanker truck at the Bintaro Permai intersection, Tangerang.[16] [17]
  • 20 May 1999 – Indonesia University student killed by the KRL in Pondok Cina.[18]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/07/01/commuters-welcome-kcj-s-cheaper-train-fares.html
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/06/27/cheaper-train-fares-and-e-tickets-kcj.html
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^ KRL collision in Juanda station.
  16. ^ Seven people killed in accident collision of a tanker truck vs KRL
  17. ^ KRL collision fatalities and increased tanker truck
  18. ^ Indonesia University student killed by the KRL in Pondok Cina

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • KRL Jabotabek website (Indonesian)
  • Jabotabek Railnews (Japanese)
  • KRL Jabodetabek (Japanese)
  • KRL-Mania - KRL Jabotabek community site (Indonesian)
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