World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Navajo Mountain

Navajo Mountain
Navajo: Naatsisʼáán
Navajo Mountain and Lake Powell, looking southeast from the Kaiparowits Plateau
Elevation 10,348 ft (3,154 m) NAVD 88[1]
Prominence 4,226 ft (1,288 m)[2]
Location
Navajo Mountain is located in Utah
Navajo Mountain
Location in Utah near the Arizona state line
Location
Coordinates [1]
Topo map USGS Navajo Begay
Geology
Type Laccolith
Last eruption Intrusive - N/A
Climbing
Easiest route Radio Towers Road

Navajo Mountain (Navajo: Naatsisʼáán) is a peak in San Juan County, Utah, with its southern flank extending into Coconino County, Arizona. It holds an important place in the traditions of three local Native American tribes. The summit is the highest point on the Navajo Nation.[2]

Contents

  • Geologic history 1
  • Cultural history 2
  • Ecology 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Geologic history

Navajo Mountain is a prominent free-standing laccolith, a dome-shaped body of igneous rock that intruded into sedimentary layers and lifted up the overlying layer. The igneous rock at the core of the mountain is wrapped in sedimentary layers. Such igneous intrusions have been exposed by erosion and well studied in similar mountain ranges on the Colorado Plateau, such as the Henry Mountains, the Abajo Mountains, and the La Sal Range.[3]

Navajo Mountain from space

The Colorado Plateau is made of mostly flat-lying layers of sedimentary rock that record paleoclimate extremes ranging from oceans to widespread deserts over the last 1.8 billion years. The peak of Navajo Mountain, at approximately 10,388 feet (3,166 m), is made up of uplifted Dakota Sandstone deposited during the Cretaceous Period (approximately 66-138 million years ago).[3]

Cultural history

The Navajo Mountain region has special cultural significance to the Navajo people, who know it as Naatsisʼáán ("Earth Head" or "Pollen Mountain").[4] Together with Rainbow Bridge to the northwest, Navajo Mountain figures prominently as the first settlement area in western Navajo origin stories. Following the military defeat of the Diné (Navajo people) by United States forces in 1863, the political landscape was changed by new boundaries and major physical alterations. The establishment of Rainbow Bridge National Monument (1910), and the filling of Glen Canyon by Lake Powell in 1963, has facilitated tourism of this previously remote region. Access to Navajo Mountain is still regulated by the sovereign Navajo Nation, and a permit is required to hike in the region. Climbing the mountain itself is forbidden.[5]

Before becoming part of the Navajo Nation, the area was inhabited by the Anasazi, or Ancestral Puebloans. Their descendants, the Hopi, call Navajo Mountain Tokonave, or "Heart of the Earth".[6] Ruins in the area of Navajo Mountain are still strongly associated with certain Hopi clans, with priests still making pilgrimages to shrines in the area.[6]

Before 1933, when the area between the Colorado and San Juan Rivers and the Arizona border was added to the Navajo reservation, the area was known as the Paiute Strip, and the mountain itself was known as Paiute Mountain, due to the population of San Juan Paiutes living between the mountain and Monument Valley.[7]

Ecology

The Navajo Mountain beardtongue (Penstemon navajoa) is a rare plant limited mainly to the upper elevation slopes of Navajo Mountain.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b "San Juan". NGS data sheet.  
  2. ^ a b "Navajo Mountain, Utah". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2014-02-08. 
  3. ^ a b "Navajo Mountain, Utah".  
  4. ^ Houk, Rose (2003). The Mountains Know Arizona. Phoenix: Arizona Highways Books.  
  5. ^ "Travel Navajo Nation". Navajo Nation Parks and Recreation. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  6. ^ a b Courlander, Harold (1971). The Fourth World of the Hopis: the epic story of the Hopi Indians as preserved in their legends and traditions. Albuquerque: New Mexico University Press. p. 239.  
  7. ^ Trimble, Stephen (1993). The People: Indians of the American Southwest. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research. p. 536.  
  8. ^ "Penstemon navajoa". The Nature Conservancy. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 

External links

  • "Navajo Mountain (UT)". SummitPost.org. 
  • "Navajo Mountain".  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.