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Ācārya Umāsvāmī’s Tattvārthasūtra : With Explanation in English from Ācārya Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi

By Jain, Vijay, K

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Book Id: WPLBN0100003279
Format Type: PDF (eBook)
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Reproduction Date: 11/8/2018

Title: Ācārya Umāsvāmī’s Tattvārthasūtra : With Explanation in English from Ācārya Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi  
Author: Jain, Vijay, K
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Non Fiction, Religion, Jainism, Epistemology
Collections: Authors Community, Religion
Historic
Publication Date:
2018
Publisher: Vikalp Printers
Member Page: Vijay K. Jain

Citation

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Jain, V. K. (2018). Ācārya Umāsvāmī’s Tattvārthasūtra : With Explanation in English from Ācārya Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi. Retrieved from http://www.gutenberg.us/


Description
This profound treatise leads the reader to the path to liberation. The path consists in right faith, right knowledge and right conduct, together.

Summary
Ācārya Umāsvāmī’s (circa 1st century CE) Tattvārthasūtra, also known as Mokşaśāstra, is the most widely read Jaina Scripture. It expounds the Jaina Doctrine, the nature of the Reality, in form of aphorisms (sūtra), in Sanskrit. Brief and to-the-point, Tattvārthasūtra delineates beautifully the essentials of all objects-of-knowledge (jñeya). Sarvārthasiddhi by Ācārya Pūjyapāda (circa 5th century CE) is the first and foremost extant commentary on Tattvārthasūtra. Sarvārthasiddhi is an exposition of the reality – the true nature of substances, soul and non-soul – the knowledge of which equips one to tread the path to liberation, as expounded in Tattvārthasūtra. There is beginningless intermingling of the soul (jīva) and the non-soul (ajīva) karmic matter. Our activities (yoga) are responsible for the influx (āsrava) of the karmic matter into the soul. Actuated by passions (kaşāya) the soul takes in particles of the karmic matter; this is bondage (bandha). Obstructing fresh inflow of the karmic matter into the soul – samvara – and its subsequent separation or falling off from the soul – nirjarā – are two important steps in attaining the infallible, utterly pristine, sense-independent and infinitely blissful state of the soul, called liberation (mokşa).

Excerpt
The term ‘knowledge’ is to be taken with each kind mentioned in the sūtra – sensory knowledge, scriptural knowledge, clairvoyant knowledge, telepathic knowledge and perfect knowledge (omniscience). That which reflects on the objects-of-knowledge through the senses and the mind, or that through which the objects-of-knowledge are reflected upon, or just reflection, is sensory knowledge.

Table of Contents
Chapter-1 RIGHT FAITH AND KNOWLEDGE Chapter-2 CATEGORY OF THE LIVING Chapter-3 THE LOWER WORLD AND THE MIDDLE WORLD Chapter-4 THE CELESTIAL BEINGS Chapter-5 THE NON-LIVING SUBSTANCES Chapter-6 INFLUX OF KARMAS Chapter-7 THE FIVE VOWS Chapter-8 BONDAGE OF KARMAS Chapter-9 STOPPAGE AND SHEDDING OF KARMAS Chapter-10 LIBERATION

 

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