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Women's Royal Naval Service

A WRNS rating during the Second World War
Two Ordnance Wrens in Liverpool reassemble a section of a pom-pom gun during the Second World War.

The Women's Royal Naval Service (WRNS; popularly and officially known as the Wrens) was the women's branch of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy. First formed in 1917 for the First World War, it was disbanded in 1919, then revived in 1939 at the beginning of the Second World War, remaining active until integrated into the Royal Navy in 1993.

WRNs included cooks, clerks, wireless telegraphists, radar plotters, weapons analysts, range assessors, electricians and air mechanics.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Ranks and uniform 2
  • List of Directors 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

History

Wrens were formed in 1917 during the First World War. On 10 October 1918, nineteen-year-old Josephine Carr from Cork, became the first Wren to die on active service, when her ship, the RMS Leinster was torpedoed. By the end of the war WRNS had 5,500 members, 500 of them officers. In addition, about 2000 members of the WRAF had previously served with the WRNS supporting the Royal Naval Air Service and were transferred on the creation of the Royal Air Force. It was disbanded in 1919.

WRNS was revived in 1939 at the beginning of the Second World War, with an expanded list of allowable activities, including flying transport planes. At its peak in 1944 it had 75,000 people. During the war there were 100 deaths. One of the slogans used in recruiting posters was "Join the Wrens—free a man for the fleet."

It remained in existence after the war and was finally integrated into the regular Royal Navy in 1993 when women were allowed to serve on board navy vessels as full members of the crew. In October 1990, during the Gulf War, the HMS Brilliant allowed the first women to officially serve on an operational warship.[1]

Before 1993, all women in the Royal Navy were members of the WRNS except nurses, who joined (and still join) Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service, and medical and dental officers, who were commissioned directly into the Royal Navy, held RN ranks, and wore WRNS uniform with gold RN insignia. Female sailors are still known by the nicknames "wrens" or Jennies ("Jenny Wrens") in naval slang.

Ranks and uniform

The WRNS had its own ranking system, which it retained until amalgamation into the Royal Navy in 1993.

1917–1919 ranks 1939–1993 ranks
Officers Ratings Commissioned Officers
WRNS rank WRNS rank Equivalent RN rank WRNS rank Equivalent RN rank
Assistant Principal Ordinary Wren Ordinary Seaman Third Officer Sub-Lieutenant
Deputy Principal Wren Able Seaman Second Officer Lieutenant
Principal Leading Wren Leading Seaman First Officer Lieutenant-Commander
Deputy Divisional Director Petty Officer Wren Petty Officer Chief Officer Commander
Divisional Director Chief Wren Chief Petty Officer Superintendent Captain
Deputy Assistant Director Commandant/Director[2] Commodore/Rear-Admiral
Assistant Director Chief Commandant/Commandant[3] Rear-Admiral
Deputy Director
Director

Ratings' titles were suffixed with their trade (e.g. Leading Wren Cook, Chief Wren Telegraphist).

Wrens wore the same rank insignia as their male equivalents, but in blue instead of gold. The "curls" atop officers' rank stripes were diamond-shaped instead of circular.

From 1939, Wren uniform consisted of a double-breasted jacket and skirt, with shirt and tie, for all ranks (although similar working dress to the men could also be worn). Junior Ratings wore hats similar to those of their male counterparts (although with a more sloping top). Senior Ratings (Petty Officers and above) and officers wore tricorne hats with a white cover. All insignia, including cap badges and non-substantive (trade) badges, were blue.

List of Directors

See also

Notes

  1. ^ History of the Women's Royal Naval Service and its integration into the Royal Navy
  2. ^ Until 1951, Director was both a position and a rank. In 1951, the rank of Commandant was introduced for the officer holding the position of Director. Director equated to Rear-Admiral until 1946, when it was reduced to Commodore. In common with RN Commodores, after 1946 Director/Commandant was only an appointment and not a true rank and the Directors continued to hold the substantive rank of Superintendent.
  3. ^ Honorary rank held by a member of the Royal Family. Until 1951, the position was called Commandant, but was renamed in that year due to the introduction of Commandant as the rank for the Director WRNS. Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent was Commandant, and later Chief Commandant, from 1940 until her death in 1968. She was succeeded by Princess Anne, who held the appointment from 1974 until 1993, when she became Chief Commandant for Women, Royal Navy; she now holds the honorary rank of Vice-Admiral.

Further reading

  • Fletcher, Marjorie H. (1989). The WRNS: A History of the Women's Royal Naval Service.  
  • Heath, Nick, Hacking the Nazis: The secret story of the women who broke Hitler's codes, TechRepublic, March 27, 2015

External links

  • Search and download the WW1 records of those who served in the Women's Royal Naval Service (WRNS) from The National Archives.
  • Wrens Recruitment Poster
  • Wrens Recruitment Poster 2
  • Women in the Royal Navy today
  • Association of Wrens
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