World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Wire-guided missile

Article Id: WHEBN0000210679
Reproduction Date:

Title: Wire-guided missile  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 9M14 Malyutka, Missile guidance, Semi-automatic command to line of sight, BGM-71 TOW, Missile types
Collection: Missile Guidance, Missile Operation, Missile Types
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Wire-guided missile

A TOW missile being fired from an M1134 ATGM vehicle.

A wire-guided missile is a missile that is guided by signals sent to it via thin wires connected between the missile and its guidance mechanism, which is located somewhere near the launch site. As the missile flies, the wires are reeled out behind it (command guidance). This guidance system is most commonly used in anti-tank missiles, where its ability to be used in areas of limited line-of-sight make it useful, while the range limit imposed by the length of the wire is not a serious concern.

The longest range wire-guided missiles in current use are limited to about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi). The Tube-launched, Optically tracked, Wire-guided Missile System (TOW) has a range of 3,750 metres (2.33 mi).[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Timeline 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

History

Electrical wire guidance was first employed by the Germans during World War II. Most German guided missile projects used radio control, but as the British proved to be able to jam anything they used, rushed projects were started in 1944 in order to develop alternatives. The first system to be modified in this fashion was the Henschel Hs 293B anti-shipping missile. Other examples included the X-4 anti-aircraft missile, and the X-7 anti-tank version of the X-4.

The X-7 influenced other military thinkers after the war. By the early 1950s a number of experimental systems had been developed (see, e.g. Malkara missile), leading to their widespread deployment in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Large numbers of Israeli tanks were destroyed using wire guided AT-3 Sagger missiles during the Yom Kippur War of 1973. Wire guidance has remained the main system for most smaller weapons, although newer systems such as laser beam riding have come into use in anti-aircraft and some anti-tank use roles (e.g. the US Hellfire missile and the Russian AT-14 Kornet).

Some torpedoes can be wire-guided, such as the U.S. Mk 48 Advanced Capability (ADCAP) torpedo, or the Swedish Torped 613, which is guided by a thin copper wire encased in a high-resistance plastic polymer.

Timeline

This is a timeline of notable early wire-guided missiles.

See also

References

  1. ^ "TOW (Tube-launched, Optically-tracked, Wire Command-link Guided) Missile System Fact File". ARMY.MIL Features. United States Army. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.