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Upper German

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Title: Upper German  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Southern Germany, High German languages, Haplogroup T-M184, Cimbrian language, Mòcheno language
Collection: German Dialects, Upper German Languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Upper German

Upper German
Geographic
distribution:
Southern Germany, northern and central Switzerland, Austria, Liechtenstein, Northern Italy (South Tyrol), France (Alsace)
Linguistic classification: Indo-European
Subdivisions:
Glottolog: uppe1397[1]
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Upper German (German:    ) is a family of High German dialects spoken primarily in the southern German-speaking area (Sprachraum).

Family tree

Upper German proper can be generally classified as Alemannic or Bavarian. However, the High Franconian dialects of the Franconian language, spoken up to the Speyer line isogloss in the north, are also considered part of the larger Upper German dialect group. Whether they should be included as part of Upper German or instead classified as Central German is an open question, as they have traits of both Upper and Central German and are frequently described as a transitional zone. Hence, either scheme can be encountered. Erzgebirgisch, usually lumped in with Upper Saxon on geographical grounds, is closer to East Franconian linguistically, especially the western dialects of Erzgebirgisch.

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